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A biography of louis satchmo armstrong a jazz musician

He had observed his 71st birthday Sunday. Death was attributed to a heart attack.

  • In 1932 he returned to California, before leaving for England where he was a great success;
  • Armstrong said, "There ain't going to be no more cats in this music game that long;
  • His popularity was phenomenal, and throughout the 1920s he was one of the most sought-after musicians in both New York and Chicago;
  • The band went through a number of personnel changes over the years but remained extremely popular worldwide.

He seemed in good health during an interview June 23, in which he played his trumpet and announced his intention to return to public performances. President Nixon released this statement: Nixon and I share the sorrow of millions of Americans at the death of Louis Armstrong. One of the architects of an American art form, a free and individual spirit, and an artist of worldwide fame, his great talents and magnificent spirit added richness and pleasure to all our lives. Jazz it was Louis Armstrong.

He was the epitome of jazz and always will be. He is what I call an American standard, an American original. Condon said, "then put it down and sing a song like no one else could.

Louis Armstrong, Jazz Trumpeter and Singer, Dies

Hines, who frequently said he had taken his piano style from Mr. Armstrong's trumpet style, remarked: I'm so heartbroken over this. The world has lost a champion. The Department of State, for which he traveled on tours to almost every corner of the globe, mourns the passing of this great American.

Last month, noting that his legs were weak from his hospitalization, he said, "I'm going back to work when my treaders get in as good shape as my chops. Armstrong lived by a simple credo. Putting it into words a couple of years ago, he said: My life has been my music, it's always come first, but the music ain't worth nothing if you can't lay it on the public.

Louis Armstrong

The main thing is to live for that audience, 'cause what you're there for is to please the people. Armstrong was first and most importantly a jazz trumpet player without peer, a virtuoso soloist who was one of the most vivid and influential forces in the development of American music. But he was also known to delighted millions around the world for his ebulliently sandpapery singing voice, his merry mangling of the English language and his great wide grand-piano keyboard of a smile.

  • A funeral service will be held Friday at 1 P;
  • Marable led a band that played on the Strekfus Mississsippi river boat lines;
  • It was while he was starring at the London Palladium that Mr.

Jazz music, probably the only art form ever wholly originated in America, and Louis Armstrong grew up together in New Orleans. It was in a seamy slum there that Mr. Armstrong learned to love and play jazz in the company of gamblers, pimps and prostitutes. But in time he was to play his trumpet and sing in command performances before royalty and, through his numerous worldwide tours, to become known unofficially as "America's ambassador of goodwill.

Armstrong for his mugging and showmanship, more often than not agreed that it was he, more than any other individual, who took the raw, gutsy Negro folk music of the New Orleans funeral parades and honky-tonks and built it into a unique art form.

Over the years, his life and his artistry changed radically. He left New Orleans for Chicago in the early nineteen-twenties, when he was still playing the cornet, and before 1930 made some of his most memorable recordings--with his Hot Five or Hot Seven groups.

Armstrong won his initial fame playing an endless grind of one-night stands. Under constant pressure to put on a show that made the customers tap their feet and cry for more, he did not hesitate to exploit a remarkable flair for showmanship. His mugging, his wisecracking and most of all his willingness to constantly repeat programs that had gone over well in the past won him the cheers of his audiences, along with the disapproving clucks of some of his fellow musicians and jazz specialists.

The criticism that he no longer improvised enough, innovated enough, mattered little to Mr. He dismissed the more "progressive" jazz approved of by some leading critics as "jujitsu music. Like 'Sandpaper Calling' As his ability to play his horn exceptionally well waned with the years, Mr.

Armstrong supplanted his trumpet solos with his singing voice. An almost phenomenal instrument in its own right, it has been compared to iron filings and to "a piece of sandpaper calling to its mate.

The man radiated a jollity that was infectious. Onstage he would bend back his stocky frame, point his trumpet a biography of louis satchmo armstrong a jazz musician the heavens joyfully blast out high C's. When he sang he fairly bubbled with pleasure. And as he swabbed away at the perspiration stirred up by his performing exertions, Satchmo grinned his famous toothy smile so incandescently that it seemed to light up the auditorium. Armstrong said in 1969, in an interview for this article.

Feel like I spent 20,000 years on the planes and railroads, like I blowed my chops off. Sure, pops, I like the ovation, but when I'm low, beat down, wonder if maybe I hadn't of been better off staying home in New Orleans. Armstrong's early years spent in New Orleans, were marked by extreme poverty and squalor, but he emerged able to recall them without self-pity and even with good humor. It was in a tough block, all them hustlers and their pimps and gamblers with their knives, between Gravier and Perdido Streets.

Armstrong's father, Willie Armstrong, who stoked furnaces in a turpentine factory, left Mrs. Armstrong when the boy was an infant. Leaving the child with his paternal grandmother, Mrs. Armstrong went to live in the Perdido-Liberty Street area, which was lined with prostitutes' cribs. Armstrong was always intensely fond of his mother, and he cared for her until her death in the early nineteen-forties. Dippermouth, as he was called as a child, and his friends often sang for pennies on the streets.

To help support his mother and a sister, Barbara, Louis delivered coal to prostitutes' cribs and sold food plucked from hotel garbage cans. The night of Dec.

About Louis Armstrong

Soon the boy became a member of the home's brass band, which played at socials, picnics and funerals for a small fee. Louis was in the fifth grade when he was released from the home after spending 18 months there. He had no other formal education. The youth worked as a junkman and sold coal, while grabbing every chance a biography of louis satchmo armstrong a jazz musician could to play cornet in honky-tonk bands. The great jazz cornetist Joe King Oliver befriended him, gave him a cornet and tutored him.

Armstrong recalled in 1969. Two hours, man, and I was a broke cat, broker than the Ten Commandments. Needed money so bad I even tried pimping, but my first client got jealous of me and we got to fussing about it and she stabbed me in the shoulder. Them was wild times. Armstrong married a 21-year-old prostitute named Daisy Parker. Since Daisy "wouldn't give up her line of work," Mr. Armstrong said, the marriage was both stormy and short-lived. The same year he was married, Mr.

In the next three years he marched with Papa Celestin's brass band and worked on the riverboat Sidney with Fate Marable's band. Dave Jones, a mellophone player with the Marable band, gave him his first lessons in reading music.

Armstrong's fame was spreading among New Orleans musicians, many of whom were moving to Chicago. In 1922 King Oliver sent for his protege. Armstrong became second cornetist in Mr. Oliver's by then famous Creole Jazz Band. The two-cornet team had one of the most formidably brilliant attacks ever heard in a jazz group. Armstrong's first recordings were made with the Oliver band in 1923. The pianist in the band was Lilian Hardin, whom Mr. Armstrong married in 1924.

About Louis Armstrong

Miss Hardin had had training as a classical musician, and she gave him some formal musical education. Armstrong, convinced that as long as her husband stayed in the Oliver band he would remain in the shadow of his popular mentor, persuaded him to leave the band in 1924 to play first cornet at the Dreamland Cafe.

For the first time, Mr. Armstrong found himself in the company of musicians of an entirely different stripe from those he had known in New Orleans and Chicago who, like himself, had fought their way up out of the back alleys and were largely unschooled in music. From these men, many of whom had conservatory educations, he learned considerable musical discipline. Moving back to Chicago in 1925, Mr. Armstrong again played at the Dreamland Cafe, where his wife, Lil, had her own band, and with A biography of louis satchmo armstrong a jazz musician Tate's "symphonic jazz" orchestra at the Vendome Theater.

It was at that point that he gave up the cornet for the trumpet. Used to hit 40 or 50 high C's--go wild, screamin' on my horn. I was crazy, Pops, plain nuts. Armstrong's personal manager and acted in that capacity for the rest of his life. Glaser died on June 6, 1969. In that Chicago period, Mr.

Armstrong began to make records under his own name, the first being "My Heart," recorded Nov. These records earned Mr. Armstrong a worldwide reputation, and by 1929, when he returned to New York, he had become an idol in the jazz world. While playing at Connie's Inn in Harlem, Mr. Armstrong also appeared on Broadway in the all- Negro review "Hot Chocolates," in which he introduced Fats Waller's "Ain't Misbehavin,'" his first popular-song hit.

Armstrong "fronted" big bands assembled for him by others. By 1932, the year he was divorced from Lil Hardin Armstrong, he had become so popular in Europe, via recordings, that he finally agreed to tour the Continent. It was while he was starring at the London Palladium that Mr. Armstrong acquired the nickname Satchmo.