Essays academic service


A comparison of the temperature range near ocean and far from ocean regions

  1. Changes in sea surface temperature can alter marine ecosystems in several ways.
  2. Sublethal effects of coral bleaching on an obligate coral feeding butterflyfish.
  3. Changes in reef habitat and nutrient supply could dramatically alter ocean ecosystems and lead to declines in fish populations, which in turn could affect people who depend on fishing for food or jobs.
  4. Changes in reef habitat and nutrient supply could dramatically alter ocean ecosystems and lead to declines in fish populations, which in turn could affect people who depend on fishing for food or jobs. Indicator Notes Both components of this indicator are based on instrumental measurements of surface water temperature.
  5. We plan to add access to current data in the next phase, but current data will bring surprises "like a box of chocolates. Climate impacts on water-related illness.

Documentation Key Points Sea surface temperature increased during the 20th century and continues to rise. Based on the historical record, increases in sea surface temperature have largely occurred over two key periods: Changes in sea surface temperature vary regionally.

Changes in sea surface temperature can alter marine ecosystems in several ways. Changes in reef habitat and nutrient supply could dramatically alter ocean ecosystems and lead to declines in fish populations, which in turn could affect people who depend on fishing for food or jobs. Increases in sea surface temperature have led to an increase in the amount of atmospheric water vapor over the oceans. Changes in sea surface temperature can shift storm tracks, potentially contributing to droughts in some areas.

Techniques for measuring sea surface temperature have evolved since the 1800s. For instance, the earliest data were collected by inserting a thermometer into a water sample collected by lowering a bucket from a ship. Today, temperature measurements are collected more systematically from ships, as well as at stationary and drifting buoys.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has carefully reconstructed and filtered the data in Figure 1 to correct for biases in the different collection techniques and to minimize the effects of sampling changes over various locations and times.

Climate Change Indicators: Sea Surface Temperature

The data are shown as anomalies, or differences, compared with the average sea surface temperature from 1971 to 2000. The map in Figure 2 was developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which calculated long-term trends based on a collection of published studies. Indicator Notes Both components of this indicator are based on instrumental measurements of surface water temperature. Due to denser sampling and improvements in sampling design and measurement techniques, newer data are more precise than older data.

The earlier trends shown by this indicator have less certainty because of lower sampling frequency and less precise sampling methods.

  • Global Change Research Program;
  • Is there a difference in the forecasts?

These data were reconstructed from measurements of water temperature, which are available from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration at: Rapid transition in the structure of a coral reef community: The effects of coral bleaching and physical disturbance. Sublethal effects of coral bleaching on an obligate coral feeding butterflyfish.

Coral Reefs 23 3: The physical science basis. Climate impacts on water-related illness. The impacts of climate change on human health in the United States: Global Change Research Program. Learn about other indicators in this section.

  1. Even so, "subtle and not so subtle variations in this dataset highlight the natural complexity of weather. The graph will automatically place it in the proper position.
  2. Students view a conclusion page that explains how the ocean affects air temperature and why temperature ranges vary with distance from the coast.
  3. For instance, the earliest data were collected by inserting a thermometer into a water sample collected by lowering a bucket from a ship. What else might affect the temperature of a location?
  4. Which city had the largest temperature range? We plan to add access to current data in the next phase, but current data will bring surprises "like a box of chocolates.
  5. After they have gone through the Learn More page and the class discussion, remind students to make any necessary corrections to their answers for the conclusion questions before turning them in. Global Change Research Program.