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An overview of the music in elizabethan england in the society

The Elizabethan age is considered to be a time of English renaissance that inspired national pride through classical ideals, international expansion, and naval triumph. This English Renaissance saw the flowering of poetry, music and literature. The era is most famous for theatre, as William Shakespeare and many others composed plays that we still read and watch today. The Monarch The era called the Elizabethan England was a time of many changes and developments and was also considered as the Golden Age in English history.

This era was led by Queen Elizabeth I, the sixth and last ruler of Tudor. She was wise and a just Queen and chose the right advisers and was not dominated by them. She ruled the Elizabethan era for 45 years and during this time was the height of the English Renaissance and the time of the development of English poetry and literature. Nobility and knights were still at the top of the social ladder. These men were rich and powerful, and they have large households.

  • Sometimes wine glasses, dishes would be made out of crisp molded sugar called sugar-plate which would be elaborately decorated;
  • Music therefore became far more expressive during the Elizabethan era and the Renaissance saw the linking of the Arts with everyday pastimes.

The real growth in society was in the merchant class. Within the nobility class there was a distinction between old families and new.

Most of the old families were Catholic, and the new families were Protestant.

  • Elizabethan Theater Music Music was reflected on the plays made by the famed William Shakespeare who had created more than five hundred poems and plays;
  • Food began changing over the course of the Tudor period;
  • An example of an Elizabethan Banquet is outlined:

At the head of each noble family is a duke, a baron or an earl. This class is the lords and ladies of the land. A person becomes a member of nobility by birth, or by a an overview of the music in elizabethan england in the society from the queen or king. Noble titles were hereditary, passing from father to oldest son.

It took a crime such as treason for a nobleman to lose his title. Many nobles died during the War of the Roses, a series of civil wars fought during the 15th century. They viewed the nobility class as a threat to their power and preferred to keep the number of them small. Being a member of the nobility class often brought debt rather than profit. The expectations of the class and the non paying honorific offices could bring terrible financial burdens. Appointment to a post as a foreign ambassador required the ambassador to maintain a household of as many 100 attendants.

They were expected to serve in an office, such as being an ambassador to a foreign country, at their own expense of course. Gentry The Gentry class included knights, squires, gentlemen, and gentlewomen who did not work with their hands for a living. Wealth was the key to becoming a part of the gentry class.

This class was made of people not born of noble birth who by acquiring large amounts of property became wealthy landowners. The rise of the gentry was the dominant feature of Elizabethan society. They essentially changed things, which launched out new paths whether at home or overseas, provided leadership and spirit of the age, who gave it character and did its work during this era.

The gentry were the solid citizens of Elizabethan England. Francis Drake, the famous explorer and Sir Walter Raleigh, who led the way to the English colonization of America were of the gentry class. Francis Bacon, the great essayer and philosopher also came from this class. The gentry were the backbone of Elizabethan England. They went to Parliament and served as justices of the Peace. They combined the wealth of the nobility with the energy of the sturdy peasants from whom they had sprung.

Merchant The Tudor era saw the rise of modern commerce with cloth and weaving leading the way. The prosperous merchant class emerged from the ashes of the Wars of the Roses. The prosperity of the wool trade led to a surge in building and the importance cannot be overstated. Shipping products from England to various ports in Europe and to the New World also became a profitable business for the merchants.

Prices for everyday food and household items that came from other countries increased as the merchants gained a monopoly on the sales of all goods under the pretence it would benefit the country where it really benefited the pocket of the merchants.

This class included the farmers, tradesmen and craft workers. They took their religion very seriously and could read and write. This class of people was prosperous and sometimes their wealth could exceed those of the gentry, but the difference was how they spent an overview of the music in elizabethan england in the society wealth. Laborers The last class of Elizabethan England was the day laborers, poor husbandmen, and some retailers who did not own their own land.

In this class we can also put our great swarms of idle serving-men and beggars. This era was generally peaceful as the battles between the Protestants and the Catholics and those between the Parliament and the Monarchy had subsided.

In March 1584 she granted Sir Walter Raleigh a patent entitling him to occupy such lands as he may discover in the name of the crown of England. As a result of this patent, she was the benefactor of Virgina.

On April 27, 1584, he and Captain Arthur Barlowe set sail and commanded one of the two barks that made the first English voyage to Roanoke Island.

  1. Pickling and smoking were also used as methods of preservation.
  2. Most instruments came in 'families,' with sizes of the same instrument associated with the ranges of the human voice.
  3. Families in England were regarded important in its role to society. It also saw many improvements in navigation which were highlighted when Sir Francis Drake successfully circumnavigated the globe.

He was trained in navigation by Thomas Harriott, English scientist and mathematician. He was second captain to Amadas on the 1584 voyage to the North American coast. On their return back to England in September 1584, they took back with them two Indians, Wanchese and Manteo, who were taught English and served as propaganda for the second voyage back to the New World.

His name was third on the list of thirteen men to whom Sir Walter Raleigh granted certain privileges for establishing a colony in Virginia. Dare was also the first scientific illustrator appointed by Queen Elizabeth to illustrate everything in particular that he observed that was different from English eyes. It is believed that Ananias Dare lost his life while defending the fort on Roanoke Island from the local Native Americans.

Eleanor White Dare 1563-1599? One of the sixteen women who left England in 1587 as part of the Roanoke expedition.

  1. This English Renaissance saw the flowering of poetry, music and literature.
  2. This arrangement had been in use for centuries.
  3. Baking was also done in iron boxes laid on the fire or in a brick oven that was set into the side of a fireplace.
  4. The idea of traveling was feared by the people and they would look at the travelers with angst and suspicion. Meat was the primary food consumed by the wealthy and privileged class.
  5. Fasting and abstaining from meat was observed for over half the days of the year.

Eleanor gave birth to Virginia Dare, the first child of English parents born on August 18, 1587 in North America shortly after their arrival from England. She disappeared with the colony while her father Governor White returned to England for supplies. The first child to be born in America of English parents on August 18, 1587. The infant, Virginia Dare vanished along with all of the other Roanoke colonists while awaiting supplies ships from England who was in the middle of the Spanish Armada.

He piloted the Roanoke Voyages from 1584 to 1587.

Music in the Elizabethan era

Fernandez was by trade a privateer in the escalating war between England and Spain. The Chesapeake Bay area was originally the decided area for the 1587 voyage with Governor White and his colonists. By the time the caravan arrived at Roanoke Island to check on the fifteen men that were left a year earlier, he had grown inpatient with Governor White and anxious to resume the hunt for Spanish trading. He ordered the colonists ashore on Roanoke Island and abandoned the idea of taking the colonists to the Chesapeake Bay area.

Ten days later, Fernandez departed for England taking along the anxious John White, who reluctantly decided to return to England for supplies.

Ralph Lane 1530-1603 From Northampton, Ralph Lane may have served in the Parliament before engaging in various maritime activities and in the struggle against Spain. Lane was knighted in 1593 and is buried in Dublin where he died. Arriving too late in the year to plant crops and harvest for food, Manteo helped the colonists to avoid starvation until they were able to provide food for themselves.

He made two trips to England and was listed among those sailing for the New World in 1587 with Governor White and his colonists. This was the first peerage elected by the English in America.

Manteo was also the first Native American to be received into the Church of England.

  • Parliament A group of representatives called Parliament was divided into two sections;
  • Since it was always used in theater, it should project a sense of conversation to intensify the drama;
  • Stews and potages formed an important element in the diet of Middle and Lower Classes;
  • The strong authority made going against the monarch a sin;
  • What little is known is interesting simply because it is a first step toward understanding who the colonists might have been and in trying to guess why they wanted to come to the New World;
  • It became a matter of both social fashion and prestige and a sign of wealth and high social status.

It was Manteo and his people at Croatoan that the colonists expected to turn to in case of need until Governor White returned from England with supplies. Sir Walter Raleigh 1522-1618 Born to a protestant family in Devon he is one of the most colorful characters in English history. Navigator, historian, soldier, poet and explorer, he initiated the Roanoke voyages and English colonization of the New World. Raleigh never visited the New World.

Elizabethan Era

He is credited with having introduced both the potato and tobacco to England from America. He was knighted by Queen Elizabeth in 1585. It is historically true that the episode of the cloak thrown in the puddle for Queen Elizabeth I did indeed happen.

Wanchese Wanchese was a Native American chief of Roanoke Island and probably a member of the eastern division of the Algonquian tribe. During his time at Roanoke Island he made numerous famous drawings with watercolors of the landscapes and native people. His superb watercolors of native plants, animals and Indian life, give us an insight into what the English found during their explorations. He led a band of settlers sent out by Sir Walter Raleigh under the authority of the Virginia Company. He returned back to England for much needed supplies and was not able to return in 1590 finding the colony empty.

He spent the remainder of his life in England and Ireland. The Colonists Very little is known about the vast majority of the colonists explorers who were not leaders. What little is known is interesting simply because it is a first step toward understanding who the colonists might have been and in trying to guess why they wanted to come to the New World.

Anthony Cage, another 1587 colonist, had been sheriff of Huntington in 1585. Before leaving home in Exeter, he had been a member of the vestry of his parish church, St. Petrock, which still stands today on the main business street of Exeter.

He held a bachelor of civil law from Oxford. Home grown produce was used to feed the majority of the English. The booming wool trade changed the face of agriculture and the land enclosures led to and increase of the number of people living in poverty and the introduction of the 1601 Poor Law. Social class played a very important role in Elizabethan England in almost every aspect of life. Food and drink were no exception to this rule; it varied according to status and wealth.

The availability of food to the people of England also depended on the social classes. The food available to the Upper Class differed considerable to the food available to the lower class. The Upper Class also enjoyed various spices imported from abroad. Presentation of food was also important during the Elizabethan era especially for the nobility.