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Identify lower level and higher level cognitive processes in the cognitive process dimension

Synthesis Evaluation The categories can be thought of as degrees of difficulties. That is, the first ones must normally be mastered before the next one can take place. Bloom's Revised Taxonomy Lorin Anderson, a former student of Bloom, and David Krathwohl revisited the cognitive domain in the mid-nineties and made some changes, with perhaps the three most prominent ones being Anderson, Krathwohl, Airasian, Cruikshank, Mayer, Pintrich, Raths, Wittrock, 2000: This new taxonomy reflects a more active form of thinking and is perhaps more accurate.

The new version of Bloom's Taxonomy, with examples and keywords is shown below, while the old version may be found here Table of the Revised Cognitive Domain Category Examples, key words verbsand technologies for learning activities Remembering: Recall or retrieve previous learned information. Quote prices from memory to a customer.

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Recite the safety rules. Comprehending the meaning, translation, interpolation, and interpretation of instructions and problems. State a problem in one's own words. Rewrite the principles of test writing. Explain in one's own words the steps for performing a complex task. Translate an equation into a computer spreadsheet. Use a concept in a new situation or unprompted use of an abstraction.

Applies what was learned in the classroom into novel situations in the work place. Use a manual to calculate an employee's vacation time. Apply laws of statistics to evaluate the reliability of a written test. Separates material or concepts into component parts so that its organizational structure may be understood. Distinguishes between facts and inferences.

Troubleshoot a piece of equipment by using logical deduction. Recognize logical fallacies in reasoning.

Gathers information from a department and selects the required tasks for training. Fishbowlsdebating, questioning what happened, run a test Evaluating: Make judgments about the value of ideas or materials. Select the most effective solution. Hire the most qualified candidate. Explain and justify a new budget. Builds a structure or pattern from diverse elements. Put parts together to form a whole, with emphasis on creating a new meaning or structure.

Write a company operations or process manual. Design a machine to perform a specific task. Integrates training from several sources to solve a problem. Revises and process to improve the outcome.

Create a new model, write an essay, network with others Cognitive Processes and Levels of Knowledge Matrix Bloom's Revised Taxonomy not only improved the usability of it by using action words, but added a cognitive and knowledge matrix. While Bloom's original cognitive taxonomy did mention three levels of knowledge or products that could be processed, they were not discussed very much and remained one-dimensional: Procedural - How to do something, methods of inquiry, and criteria for using skills, algorithms, techniques, and methods.

In Krathwohl and Anderson's revised version, the authors combine the cognitive processes with the above three levels of knowledge to form a matrix. In addition, they added another level of knowledge - metacognition: When the cognitive and knowledge dimensions are arranged in a matrix, as shown below, it makes a nice performance aid for creating performance objectives: