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In contrast to the english parliament the french estates general

Charles IV increased taxes, debased the coinage, and confiscated numerous noble estates during his reign. Charles IV's death without a male heir ended the Capetian dynasty in 1328 and set up the circumstances for the English claim to the French throne that precipitated the Hundred Years' War. The war did not begin well for the French when the French fleet was destroyed near Sluis in the Netherlands in 1340.

The english parliament and french estates general were both created with the intention of?

Almost all fighting in the Hundred Years' War occurred on French soil, placing a heavy burden on the French people. Even when pauses in formal hostilities occurred, bands of plundering mercenaries ravaged the countryside.

The Black Death that began to sweep through France in 1348 followed famines in the first quarter of the fourteenth century. John II the Good 1319-1364lacked the ability either to contain the English forces and marauding mercenaries or to adequately cope with the disease and famine that left his kingdom discouraged and demoralised.

Although John II's son, the dauphin Charles, was appointed regent during his father's captivity, the Estates General defied the king and met in Paris under the leadership of Etienne Marcel, a cloth merchant who had assumed control of the government. They imposed the Great Ordinance on the dauphin in 1357, granting far-reaching fiscal, judicial, and administrative powers to the Estates General.

Pressed by famine, plague, mercenaries, and the loss of their traditional feudal protectors, the French peasantry revolted in 1358. A broad-based expression of frustration and anger, the Jacquerie had no specific goals and lacked effective leadership. Nevertheless, for two weeks, northern France was terrorised until the aristocracy ruthlessly crushed the Jacquerie.

The Jacquerie- A Contemporary Account by Jean Froissart The chaos of the Jacquerie created a resurgence of royalist feeling and support for the constitutional government was swept away. Etienne Marcel was killed in the summer of 1358, the Great Ordinance was declared null, and the dauphin Charles resumed the regency until his father's death in 1364, when he took the throne as Charles V. By 1380, the English were forced to temporarily abandon further military advances and Charles V turned his attention to strengthening his power and expanding the Crown's revenues.

A ducal council guided the weak-minded and highly unstable king until 1388 when he began to rule in his own right. France acquiesced to an English monarch until Charles VI's son, in desperation, accepted the assistance of the visionary, Joan of Arc. The last battle of the Hundred Years' War was fought at Castillon on July 17, 1453, the English having lost all Continental territory except for the port town of Calais.

During his reign, Charles VII worked to consolidate royal authority. He issued the Pragmatic Sanction of 1438 that reaffirmed the authority of the French king over the income and personnel of the French Church, ending the dispute that Philip IV had begun more than a century earlier and ensuring the autonomy of the French clergy from the Roman papacy. Joan of Arc Louis XI 1423-1483dubbed the Spider King for his skill at establishing and manipulating alliances, ascended to the throne of France in 1461.

His methods were not always admirable and he did not hesitate to use clandestine murder and public execution to rid himself in contrast to the english parliament the french estates general opposition.

Louis XI confiscated the Burgundian lands when his major rival, Charles the Bold of Burgundy, died in 1477, despite a claim by Charles' daughter, Mary. In 1482, he reached an agreement with Mary's husband, the Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I, to divide Burgundy between the two kingdoms.

Despite Louis XI's ruthlessness, his support of trade and commerce in search of revenue for the royal coffers stimulated the entire French economy.

His unswerving quest to consolidate his power provided the foundation for royal absolutism that would become the main feature of the French monarchy. In 1494, he invaded Italy and briefly occupied Naples in 1495. French monarchs would continue to strive to recapture Italian lands for the next half century. Despite the ravages of famine, plague, and war throughout the fourteenth century, thanks to a few capable monarchs, France recovered during the fifteenth century.

By 1500, France enjoyed a flourishing economy under a monarchy that ruled through a centralised government staffed by noble and middle class bureaucrats. Return to New Monarchies: England Proceed to New Monarchies: