Essays academic service


The blues became the symbol of the new american race

  1. However, during the war people drove their cars as little as possible. A short blues history it's 12-bar, bent-note melody is the anthem of a race during the twenties, the blues became a national craze.
  2. Locally in York, Nebraska, the Perennial Public Power District had strung nearly miles of electric line to more than customers by September By nearly all of Nebraska farms were "hooked up", and electricity replaced kerosene lanterns in homes and barns.
  3. The only black writer of the Renaissance who was truly taken with jazz was Langston Hughes , who, during the course of his career, not only wrote many poems about it but also on occasion read his poems against a jazz backdrop, even recording with bassist Charles Mingus , a creative partnership that Mingus found unsatisfying. In contrast to the pictorialist style, they now rejected any kind of manipulation in the photographic process e.

Photo-Secession At the beginning of American modernism, photography still struggled to be recognized as a form of art. The photographer Alfred Stieglitz described it as: I could not understand why the artists should envy me for my work, yet, in the same breath, decry it because it was machine-made.

At that point, their main style was pictorialistwhich was known for modifying photos through soft focus, special filters or exotic printing processes, to imitate the style of paintings and etchings of that time. For means of publication, Stieglitz, as the driving force of the movement, started the magazine Camera Workin which he published artists he felt represented the movement.

The blues became the symbol of the new american race

He also ran three galleries one after another, namely "" —"The Intimate Gallery" — and "An American Place" — A further link to the European avant-garde was established by Man Ray. Born in America and inspired by the work he saw in Stieglitz' galleries, Ray emigrated to Paris in and together with artists of the European Dada and Surrealist movements created new photographic techniques such as rayographs placing objects directly on photosensitive paper.

In the early s, photographers moved towards what they called straight photography. In contrast to the pictorialist style, they now rejected any kind of manipulation in the photographic process e.

How the Rolling Stones, a Band Obsessed With Black Musicians, Helped Make Rock a White Genre

Their motifs were supposed to look as objective as possible. Turning the focus away from classic portraiture and the pictorialist style, the photographers started using their pictures as means for representing the harsh realities of everyday life, but at the same time tried to search for the beauty in the detail or the overall aesthetical structure.

Machines and factory work, sky scrapers and technical innovations became prominent motifs. In some younger photographers e. Feminism, gender, and sexuality[ edit ] Development of feminism[ edit ] Starting from the early 19th century, some women used the doctrines of the ideal femaleness to avoid the isolation of the domestic sphere.

By the s, women were openly challenging the women's sphere and demanding greater political, economic and social rights. They formed women's clubs and benevolent societies all over the U. Male domination of the public arena was no longer within acceptable limits to many of these middle-class activist women. Beginning with the Seneca Falls Convention inAmerican feminists held state and national conventions until the early 20th century.

Some spokeswomen of the feminist movement connected the feminist cause with free love and the sexual revolution, which were the taboo issues of the Victorian Age.

The blues became the symbol of the new american race

Therefore, feminists in both Britain and the United States concentrated on political and legal issues, the vote in particular, and other important women's issues regarding the domestic roles of women and the organization of domestic life in general. Eventually, after a long and hard struggle that included massive, sometimes violent protests, the imprisonment of many women, and even some deaths, the battle for women's suffrage was won.

American modernism

The suffrage law was passed in the United States in for women who were householders or wives of householders and in for all adult women. African-American women were not included. They only received the right to vote in the Civil Rights Movement of the s. The largest women's rights group in the U. NOW aimed to end sexual discrimination, especially in the workplace, by means of legislative lobbying, litigation, and public demonstrations.

The following years of the late 20th century witnessed a great expansion of women's rights in all areas of the modern society. Modernist artists had an ambivalent attitude towards feminism: As the radical feminist Emma Goldman proclaimed, "true liberation begins neither at the polls nor in courts [but rather] in a woman's soul" qtd.

Gender and sexuality[ edit ] The roles of gender and sexuality in American modernism were elaborated through studies of national identity and citizenship, racial identity and race politics, queer identity and aesthetics, magazine culture, visual culture, market economies, and historical accounts of 20th century political modernity. Immense work done by scholars of feminism, gender, and sexuality helped to restructure the field of American modernist scholarship.

Women writers have become the subjects of extensive literary study. Gay and lesbian communities have been revalued as patterns of modern aesthetic experimentation, and sexual identity and gender formation were interpreted in a new way.

The turn of the 20th century cultural life saw a shift to a dichotomy of mass culture versus high culture, with the former generally thought feminine, and high culture thought male-oriented. Formerly denounced popular fiction now served the feminist purpose.

Sexual difference was portrayed by women themselves with the help of the media available to them. This manifested itself for example in Mina Loy 's "sex-talk" which is "stunning both for the focus it places on a woman's sexual disappointment and for the balance it strikes between clinical frankness and poetic indirection" Lyon It also entailed the breaking up of traditional gender roles.

They were no longer exclusively male or female but there was also an acknowledgment of homosexuality, feminine men, and masculine women. Thus the concept of sexuality became multi-layered, as in Djuna Barnes ' novel Nightwood in which she obliterates all established ideas of gender and sexuality. This early debate dealing with these issues cleared the way for contemporary approaches to gender, for instance that of Judith Butler in her the blues became the symbol of the new american race Gender Trouble American icons in the European mind[ edit ] Definition of "American icon"[ edit ] This section focuses on people and objects that represent American modernism.

Generally speaking, these famous human beings and well-known objects are called icons since, apart from radiating an aura of uniqueness as well as originality cf. Thus, they serve as focal points for collective memory or identity at present cf. Even some people in Europe still recognize them as symbols of American modernism. In this way, a certain image of a biological person or a real object signifier is produced and becomes the signified cf.

The emanated configuration of signs cf. New York City[ edit ] To read more about New York City, please see New York City New York City is one of the most iconic cities in the United States the blues became the symbol of the new american race one of the major global cities of the world due to its important business, financial, trading and cultural organizations, such as Wall Street, United Nations, the Metropolitan Museum of Arts and Broadway theaters with their in that time innovative electric lighting.

It is regarded as the birthplace of many American cultural movements, including the Harlem Renaissance in literature and abstract expressionism in visual art. New York City is iconic not only for Americans, but also for many Europeans as the city of melting pot where many ethnic groups live, often in specific neighborhoods, such as Chinatown, Little Italy. In American modernism, New York became the first stop for immigrants seeking a better life.

The city's population boomed, 5 boroughs were formed, the New York City Subway was opened and became a symbol of progress and innovation.

The city saw construction of skyscrapers in the skyline. Clearly, in the minds of immigrants and returning travelers, in the iconography of the admen who use it as a backdrop for the bourbon and airplane luggage they are selling, the eyes of poets and of military strategies, it is one of the prime symbols" Kouwenhoven Iconic is especially the Manhattan skyline and its structural properties.

It is regarded as a symbol of American progress and competition in height, creativity of structure, advancement and efficiency. It is considered an icon of "architectural individualism" cf. The typical gridiron pattern of the city's streets is an icon of simplicity cf. Charlie Chaplin[ edit ] Charlie Chaplin is regarded as a film icon. Born in London, and while not a U. Chaplin became famous after starring in his first film, Making a Living As a year-old boy "he worked as a mime on the British vaudeville circuit".

He created a distorted version of a formal dinner suit as a symbol of an adult man personified combined with the attitude of an innocent child. He was the first and the last person who was in charge of every aspect of making his films. He started his own film studio United Artists ; was in charge of directing, writing, editing, producing and casting the films in which he played.

It is said that he changed the film industry into an art form in the first decades of the 20th century. It was his personality, and his genius with "expressive grace", "endless inventiveness" and creativity that made him an American icon [26] He preferred making silent films, he made more than 75 silent films setting the acting and the plot in the center of the action. There were Chaplin songs, dances, comic books, dolls, and cocktails.

Poems were written about him and his pantomime. The Beat Generation of writers made him one of its icons. In the '80s IBM took the Tramp for the logo in their advertisements of personal computers [27] "Every few weeks, outside the movie theater in virtually any American town in the late s, stood the life-size cardboard figure of a small tramp—outfitted in tattered, baggy pants, a cutaway coat and vest, impossibly large, worn-out shoes and a battered derby hat—bearing the inscription I AM HERE TODAY".

Still does" [26] During the McCarthy era he was attacked and condemned by some for the increasingly politicized messages of his films; and he was accused of "anti-American activities" and of being a suspected communist supporter. He maintained his British citizenship, and after a trip to England in and for many years he wasn't allowed to re-enter the U.

Finally in he triumphantly returned and was awarded an honorary Oscar. He is perceived today as an American film icon due to the charm and brilliance of his films. The Model-T Ford[ edit ] Icons are usually capable of conveying, on the one hand, awareness of tradition and, on the other hand, the notion of progress cf.

At this point, it is worth mentioning some concepts of modernism in the U. All these aspects can be associated with the Model-T Ford. By using assembly-line systems, Henry Ford and his men applied continuous-process principles Strasser What should be mentioned, in this context, is the fact many unskilled immigrants were employed by the expanded Ford factory in order to meet the increasing demand for this material icon of American modernism on the emerging mass market.

In consequence, the foreign workers' contribution also underscored the myth of The American Melting Pot see also: Today, the Model-T Ford continues to represent the idea of process and mobility. Therefore, although modernism aimed at rejecting any form of tradition and history, this icon transmits, up to a certain degree, a sense of tradition.

Everyday life and culture[ edit ] The modernist movement caused vast changes in societies in which it took place. With the introduction of industrial developments, the American people started to enjoy the outcome of the new modernist era. Everyday life and culture are the areas that reflected the social change in the habits of the society.

  • Is there some sort of melody?
  • Production of the cathode ray tubes that produced the pictures was redirected to radar and other high tech war uses;
  • No bosom, no waistline, and hair nearly hidden under a cloche hat;
  • With the introduction of industrial developments, the American people started to enjoy the outcome of the new modernist era.

Developments that occurred with modernism influenced American people life standards and gave way to new style of living. Widespread use of electricity and mass production of technological house appliances like refrigerator brought about the change of eating habits of American people. Use of frozen food became more common.

After the war the U. So some new foods came right out of the ration kits to the stores. National Research Corporation of Boston introduced frozen orange juice concentrate called "tang.

  1. It was the most powerful perspective in American literary criticism. This belief does not hold up under basic scrutiny.
  2. Mme m sissieretta jones the greatest singer of her race new the library of congress's american blues style blues quickly became a.
  3. This has created two forms of tensions within jazz.
  4. The s TVs didn't look like today's televisions. Maj charles hodges, mission commander in charge of us operations, tells gma the latest on the rescued boys' conditions and describes the dangerous rescue mission.
  5. It is good to begin by asking students if most people like music, if so, why do they like it. One of the immense developments was to supply the rural areas with the electricity.

The frozen product quickly overtook fresh squeezed orange juice in most American homes. Full frozen meals were not far behind. These changes in eating habits caused huge changes in appliances, transportation and farming.

Since people began buying the new products, new refrigerators were quickly developed with bigger freezer sections Shock resistant refrigerator units for trucks [28] had to be invented and used by the military before frozen products could distributed and marketed around the country and around the world. These developments forced farmers to change what they grew and how they grew their products to meet new consumer demands.

In the following are there a few of the foods that were first produced and sold in the s.