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The davis-moore thesis states that social stratification has beneficial consequences for society

Sociology 204-2 Lecture 6 Social Inequality describes a condition in which members of society have different amounts of wealth, prestige, or power. All societies are characterized by some degree of social inequality.

Social stratification is a matter of four principles: The term refers to salaries and wages. By contrast Wealth is an inclusive term encompassing all of a persons material assets, including land, and other types of property Slavery: The most extreme form of legalized social inequality for individuals or groups is slavery.

The distinguishing characteristics of this oppressive system of stratification is the enslaved individuals are owned by other people. A pure caste system is closed so that birth alone determines one's social destiny with no opportunity for social mobility base on individual efforts. Status consistency refers to the degree of consistency of a persons social standing across various dimensions of social inequality.

In a caste system there is high status consistency. In an industrial society however there is high inconsistency. Class System in the United States Upper class. A very small group limited to the wealthy.

The upper middle class 10-15 percent of the pop consist of professionals such as doctors, The lower middle class 30-35 percent of the population includes less affluent professions like nurses, elementary school teachers.

  1. Unemployment Figures The unemployment rate in the United States is traditionally represented as a percentage. Open class system implies that the position of each individual is influenced by the persons achieved status.
  2. E Gender and Race play an important role in determining one's mobility. Economic - Advantages of being wealthy?
  3. Corporate Welfare is the direct and indirect payment in grants, tax breaks to corporations by Tax payers.
  4. For example, wealth, education, professional associations, etc.

Working class 40-45 percent of the population- People who hold regular manual and blue collar jobs. Lower class, consisting of approx.

Stratification and Conflict Karl Marx Marx argues that rather than benefitting society as a whole social stratification provides advantages for some people at the expense of others. Moreover he found that the legal system allowed for more advantages to the Bourgeoisie. He also found that going to the same schools and institutions resulted in Class Reproduction taking place.

While the Proletariat, the working class are the ones responsible for doing the manual work in the factories. False Consciousness which is an attitude held by members of a class that does not accurately reflect its objective position.

A worker with false consciousness may feel that he or she is being treated fairly by the bourgeoisie or may adopt an individualistic viewpoint toward capitalist exploitation. Max Weber Weber considered Marx approach to social classes too simplistic. He viewed social stratification as a more complex interplay of three dimensions: Power is how much control someone would have to wield.

Davis-moore thesis that stratification benefits society

A population that varies widely in class status and power, Weber's three dimensions of inequality creates a virtually infinite array of social categories all of which pursue their own interests. Unlike Marx who focused on conflict between two overarching classes.

Weber considered social conflict to be highly variable and complex. Weber argued that the striking differences in the people in industrial capitalist societies lies in the economic dimensions of class. David Moore Thesis The Davis Moore thesis is the assertion that social stratification has beneficial consequences for the operation of society.

They argue that the greater the functional importance of a position, the more rewards a society will attach to it example doctors verses electricians. Measuring Social Class The objective method of measuring social class views largely as a statistical category.

Individuals are assigned to social classes on the bases of criteria such as occupation, education, income and residence. The prestige ranking of occupations has proved to be a useful indicator in determining a persons class position.

The Shrinking Middle Class One of the consequences of this growing inequality in terms of wealth and income is the disappearance of the middle class. A Many of the manufacturing jobs have relocated where wages are cheaper. B Technological changes in the workplace has increased downsizing. C Globalization of the economy means that good can be produced in other places more cheaply. Poverty In addition to a shrinking middle class, another consequence of the uneven distribution of wealth and income in the United States is that approximately 1 out of 9 people in the USA is below the poverty line.

Relative Poverty is a floating standard of deprivation by which people at the bottom of a society whatever their lifestyles are judged to be disadvantaged in comparison with the nation as a whole. The davis-moore thesis states that social stratification has beneficial consequences for society and Women Feminization of Poverty In societies the work that women do is typically unrecognized, undervalued, and underpaid; women receive less income for their efforts than men do.

More than 500 million of the worlds 800 million people living in absolute poverty are women. Underclass is a term used to describe long term poor people who lack training and skills. Estimates in the United States show that about 3 million adults not including the elderly are in this class. Unemployment Figures The unemployment rate in the United States is traditionally represented as a percentage. For example in 1996 that number was about 5 to 6 percent.

This number does not make much sense as a percentage. We need to know that the actual number is over 8 million people were unemployed at one time. Life chances are reflected in such measures as housing, education, and health.

Occupying a higher position in a society will improve one's life chances and bring together access to social rewards. Social Mobility Refers to a movement of individuals or groups from one position of a societies stratification system to another. Presidents have come from the upper middle class in the society 82 percent. Open class system implies that the position of each individual is influenced by the persons achieved status. In an open class system competition between members of the society is encouraged.

Closed class system is one in which there is little or no possibility of individual mobility. Slavery or caste systems. Horizontal Mobility refers to the movement of a person from one social position to another of the same rank.

Vertical Mobility refers to the movement of a person from one social position to another of a different rank. Intergenerational Mobility involves changes in the social position of children relative to their parents.

  1. In general those positions convey the best reward, and have the highest rank which a have the greatest importance for the society and b require the greatest training or talent.
  2. And, more importantly what about those aspects of a class society that do not operate like merit systems? The distribution of positions cannot be understood merely by achievement but achievement itself is conditioned by ascription of status.
  3. Class System in the United States Upper class. Open class system implies that the position of each individual is influenced by the persons achieved status.
  4. Social Mobility Refers to a movement of individuals or groups from one position of a societies stratification system to another.

Intragenerational mobility involves changes in a person's social position within his or her adult life. Structural Mobility refers to the vertical movement of a specific group, class or occupation relative to others in the stratification system. Social Mobility in the United States A Intergenerational or intragenerational movement have been common among males. B Although there is a great deal of mobility in the USA, much of it covers a very short distance.

C Occupational mobility and income among African Americans remains sharply limited by racial discrimination. D Education plays a critical role in social mobility. E Gender and Race play an important role in determining one's mobility. Corporate Welfare is the direct and indirect payment in grants, tax breaks to corporations by Tax payers.

This money adds up to far more money than what is given to persons on social assistance. These corporations are under no obligations to pay back the money or to stay in the country to create jobs.