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The early life of earnest hemingway and his literary career

Ketchum, Idaho American author Ernest Hemingway, American Nobel Prize-winning author, was one of the most celebrated and influential literary stylists of the twentieth century.

Ernest Hemingway

His critical reputation rests solidly upon a small body of exceptional writing, set apart by its style, emotional content, and dramatic intensity of vision. His father was a country physician who taught his son hunting and fishing; his mother was a religious woman, active in church affairs, who led her son to play the cello and sing in the choir.

Hemingway's early years were spent largely in fighting the feminine influence of his mother while feeding off the influence of his father. He spent the summers with his family in the woods of northern Michigan, where he often accompanied his father on professional calls. The discovery of his father's apparent lack of courage, later depicted in the short story "The Doctor and the Doctor's Wife," and his suicide several years later left the boy with an emotional scar.

Despite the intense pleasure Hemingway took from outdoor life and his popularity in high school—where he distinguished himself as a scholar and athlete—he ran away from home twice.

Ernest Hemingway – A Short Biography

Eager to serve his country in the war, he volunteered for active service in the infantry foot soldiers but was rejected because of eye trouble. Hemingway then enlisted in the Red Cross medical service, driving an ambulance on the Italian front. He was badly wounded in the knee yet carried a wounded man on his back a considerable distance to the aid station.

After having over two hundred shell fragments parts of bullets removed from his legs and body, Hemingway next enlisted in the Italian infantry, served on the Austrian front until the armistice truceand was decorated for bravery by the Italian government.

Ernest Miller Hemingway

Hemingway soon returned home where he was hailed as a hero. Learning his trade Shortly after the war Hemingway worked as a foreign correspondent in the Near East for the Toronto Star.

When he returned to Michigan he had already decided to commit himself to fiction writing. His excellent journalism and the publication in magazines of several experimental short stories had impressed the well-known author Sherwood Anderson 1876—1941who, when Hemingway decided to return to Ernest Hemingway.

Reproduced by permission of the Corbis Corporation. Europe, gave him letters of introduction to Gertrude Stein 1846—1946 and Ezra Pound 1885—1972 —two American writers living in Europe. Hemingway and his bride, Hadley Richardson, journeyed to Paris, where he learned much from these two well-known authors.

Despite his lack of money and poor living conditions, these were the happiest years of Hemingway's life, as well as the most artistically productive. The poems are insignificant, but the stories give strong indication of his emerging genius. With In Our Time 1925 Hemingway drew on his experiences while summering in Michigan to depict the initiation into the world of pain and violence of young Nick Adams, a model for later Hemingway heroes. Major novels Hemingway returned to the United States in 1926 with the manuscripts of two novels and several short stories.

This novel, the major statement of the "lost generation," describes a group of Americans and Englishmen, all of whom have suffered physically and emotionally during the war.

  • A minor novel of 1937 called To Have and Have Not is about a Caribbean desperado and is set against a background of lower-class violence and upper-class decadence in Key West during the Great Depression;
  • Instead, aged eighteen, he opted for a writing career as a junior reporter for The Kansas City Star;
  • Kennedy Presidential Library After recuperating at home, Hemingway renewed his efforts at writing, for a while worked at odd jobs in Chicago, and sailed for France as a foreign correspondent for the Toronto Star;
  • Ketchum, Idaho American author Ernest Hemingway, American Nobel Prize-winning author, was one of the most celebrated and influential literary stylists of the twentieth century;
  • Kennedy Library in Boston, Massachusetts, has an extensive collection of books and manuscripts, and holds more than 10,000 photos of Ernest Hemingway.

In December 1929 A Farewell to Arms was published. This novel tells the story of a tragic love affair between an American soldier and an English nurse set against the backdrop of war and collapsing world order. It contains a philosophical expression of the Hemingway code that man is basically helpless in a violent age: But those that it will not break it kills. It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. If you are none of those you can be sure that it will kill you too, but there will be no special hurry.

A wonderfully clear narrative, it is written in less lyrical and more dramatic prose nonpoetry writing than his earlier work. In 1942, as a Collier's correspondent with the Third Army, he witnessed some of the bloodiest battles in Europe. At this time he received the nickname of "Papa" from his admirers, both military and literary.

Ernest Hemingway Biography

His three previous marriages—to Hadley Richardson, mother of one son; to Pauline Pfeiffer, mother of his second and third sons; and to Martha Gelhorn—had all ended in divorce.

A novella short novel about an extraordinary battle between a tired old Cuban fisherman and a giant marlin, it was immediately hailed as a masterpiece and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1953. A year later, Hemingway won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Hemingway's declining physical condition and increasingly severe mental problems drastically reduced his literary output in the last years of his life.

A journey to Africa planned by the author and his wife in 1954 ended in their plane crash over the Belgian Congo. Hemingway suffered severe burns and internal injuries from which he never fully recovered. After only a few months in their new home in Ketchum, Idaho, Hemingway was admitted to the Mayo Clinic to be treated for hypertension high blood pressure and depression, and was later treated with electroshock therapy, a radical therapy where an electric current is sent through the body.

Made bitter by an illness that humiliated him physically and impaired his writing, he killed himself with a shotgun on July 2, 1961. Many of Hemingway's unpublished and unfinished works were published after his death.

Because of his amazing body of work, and his intense approach to life, Hemingway was arguably one of the most influential American writers of the twentieth century. For More Information Baker, Carlos.

  1. He remained based in Paris, but he traveled widely for the skiing, bullfighting , fishing, and hunting that by then had become part of his life and formed the background for much of his writing. Hemingway's early years were spent largely in fighting the feminine influence of his mother while feeding off the influence of his father.
  2. This book, which played a role in gaining for Hemingway the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954, was as enthusiastically praised as his previous novel, Across the River and into the Trees 1950 , the story of a professional army officer who dies while on leave in Venice , had been damned.
  3. The Only Thing That Counts.
  4. While there, he met and fell in love with a Red Cross nurse named Agnes von Kurowsky. Hemingway suffered severe burns and internal injuries from which he never fully recovered.

A Writer in His Time. Yale University Press, 1999.