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The life of vasco nunez de balboa

  1. Though suspicious of each other, the two men tried to maintain peace. Otfinoski, Vasco Nunez de Balboa, 17.
  2. With the subsequent departure of Enciso for Hispaniola, Balboa became the undisputed head of the colony. Enciso, Balboa, and the San Sebastian survivors abandoned the settlement and set up a new colony at Darien, in modern day Panama.
  3. The colony of Darien in Panama helped Spain establish a vast colonial empire in the Americas. Balboa and his men built two ships and transported them in pieces across the mountains to the Pacific shore.
  4. He was sentenced to death, and beheaded on January 21, 1519. Otfinoski, Vasco Nunez de Balboa, 17.

Age of Discovery Quick Facts: Explorer and Conquistador who was head of the first South American settlement, and the first European to discover the Pacific Ocean Name: He is best known for leading an expedition across the narrow isthmus of Panama, and reaching the Pacific Ocean, becoming the first European to see this large body of water.

Like many explorers of his day, Balboa went to the new world seeking riches and adventure. He achieved both, but it was not enough to save him from an unfortunate ending.

His family was noble, but by the late fifteenth century it had lost most of its money, land, and influence.

Vasco Núñez de Balboa

Like most children of nobility at this time, young Balboa received training as a knight and, later, a soldier. He was sent to Moguer, Spain where he served as a page to the Lord of Moguer. Moguer was a major seaport town. Balboa heard stories from sailors on the docks of the riches and adventures that awaited in the New World. Spain during this period was sending many expeditions to the New World in search of land, riches, and opportunities to colonize the natives.

In 1500, Balboa joined Don Rodrigo de Bastidas on a journey to explore the northern coast of modern day South America.

  • Otfinoski, Vasco Nunez de Balboa, 17;
  • Still, Balboa revealed himself to the captain;
  • His request to search for this ocean was denied by the king of Spain;
  • The expedition found the survivors of the colony, led by Francisco Pizarro , but Ojeda had departed.

Balboa was one of several men sent to defend the expedition from hostile natives. Balboa finally got his chance for adventure. They sailed along an area called the Coast of Pearls for four months, stopping to interact and trade with the natives along the way. They continued sailing west towards Panama where once more they traded with natives. They soon noticed that their ship had serious damage. They were able to sail to Santo Domingo, Hispaniola before it the life of vasco nunez de balboa too late.

Here, governor Nicolas de Ovando had Bastidas and his men, including Balboa, imprisoned for trading with the natives. Balboa, however, was not ready to leave the New World. He remained there for another eight years before he got another chance for adventure. He settled on the island of Hispaniola where he made his living as a farmer, but he was not successful and soon found himself in great debt.

But this did not stop Balboa for his next chance at a new adventure. Their task was to bring supplies to the colony of San Sebastian located on the coast of Uraba now Colombia lead by Alonso de Ojeda. Still, Balboa revealed himself to the captain. Instead of having Balboa thrown overboard, Enciso let Balboa join the crew since he had been to the area which they were heading.

When they arrived, they found Ojeda had left the settlement, most of the settlers were dead, and soon to be famous conquistador Francisco Pizarro was in charge.

  • Balboa persuaded his companions and Nicuesa and Enciso to continue their voyage towards the southwest;
  • In September 1513, Balboa led an expedition of some 190 Spaniards and a number of Indians southward across the Isthmus of Panama;
  • Balboa heard stories from sailors on the docks of the riches and adventures that awaited in the New World;
  • Bibliography Fisher, Ann Richmond;
  • Balboa was chosen as the new leader and governor;
  • In September 1513, Balboa led an expedition of some 190 Spaniards and a number of Indians southward across the Isthmus of Panama.

Enciso, Balboa, and the San Sebastian survivors abandoned the settlement and set up a new colony at Darien, in modern day Panama. Balboa was chosen as the new leader and governor.

For Balboa, he learned of a great ocean beyond the South American Mountains. Balboa had been falsely accused of treason by his enemies in Spain, and lost favor with the king.

His request to search for this ocean was denied by the king of Spain. Still, in September 1513, he took 100 Spaniards — including Francisco Pizarro — and 1000 natives and searched for the sea himself.

  1. Instead of having Balboa thrown overboard, Enciso let Balboa join the crew since he had been to the area which they were heading. Spain during this period was sending many expeditions to the New World in search of land, riches, and opportunities to colonize the natives.
  2. Nicuesa was deported from the settlement. But this did not stop Balboa for his next chance at a new adventure.
  3. Nicuesa was deported from the settlement. His Indian policy combined the use of barter, every kind of force, including torture, to extract information, and the tactic of divide and conquer by forming alliances with certain tribes against others.
  4. The currency of this country is even called Balboa, after the great explorer who helped put this land on the map. Instead of having Balboa thrown overboard, Enciso let Balboa join the crew since he had been to the area which they were heading.
  5. Nicuesa was deported from the settlement.

After 24 days and 45 miles, Balboa saw what he was looking for. On September 29, Balboa went into the water and claimed the sea, its islands and lands for Spain. He remained here for some time, and then began working his way back to Darien, arriving in January 1514.

He was now back in good favor with the king of Spain.

He rewarded Balboa by appointing him governor of the provinces of Panama and Coiba. Though suspicious of each other, the two men tried to maintain peace. Pedrarias gave Balboa permission to further explore the South Sea. Balboa and his men built two ships and transported them in pieces across the mountains to the Pacific shore. Balboa set sail and from 1517 and part of 1518 he explored the part of the South Sea called the Gulf of San Miguel.

Pedrarias even betrothed his daughter Maria in Spain to Balboa, meaning they were to be married.

But good relations between the two men did not last. When Balboa was summoned back to Darien, Pedrarias had him arrested and imprisoned on false charges of starting a rebellion.

Although Balboa denied the charge he was found guilty. He was sentenced to death, and beheaded on January 21, 1519. The colony of Darien in Panama helped Spain establish a vast colonial empire in the Americas. Spain now knew that there was indeed ocean to sail to the east. However, it would be Ferdinand Magellan who would get the credit for naming it the Pacific Ocean when he rounded the southern tip of South America in 1520.

Vasco Nuñez de Balboa

The currency of this country is even called Balboa, after the great explorer who helped put this land on the map. Steven Otfinoski, Vasco Nunez de Balboa: Explorer of the Pacific New York: Marshal Cavendish, 200512.

Otfinoski, Vasco Nunez de Balboa, 17. The Rosen Publishing Group, 200986. Black Cat, 2011219. Bibliography Fisher, Ann Richmond. Explorers of the New World Time Line. Tales of the New World. Vasco Nunez de Balboa: Explorer of the Pacific. The Rosen Publishing Group, 2009.