Essays academic service


The problems facing the continental armies during the revolutionary war

American and British Strengths and Weaknesses The question remains: What factors led an undisciplined, unprepared, divided American nation to prevail over the world's largest empire? Despite the supremacy of the British navy in the 18th century, the Colonial naval forces won many battles.

During the previous 100 years, the British had enjoyed triumph after triumph over nations as powerful as France and Spain. At first glance, the odds were clearly against the Americans.

11a. American and British Strengths and Weaknesses

A closer look provides insight into how the underdogs emerged victorious. Britain's military was the best in the world. Their soldiers were well equipped, well disciplined, well paid, and well fed. The British navy dominated the seas. Funds were much more easily raised by the Empire than by the Continental Congress.

  • The sheer magnitude of the task and the lack of an established supply system guaranteed that serious problems of procurement and distribution would ensue at least initially;
  • Hale, letter to unknown recipient March 23, 1778 The Americans had tremendous difficulty raising enough funds to purchase basic supplies for their troops, including shoes and blankets;
  • Nathanael Greene to reform the supply and transportation system during the winter of 1777-1778;
  • What information have they been able to gather on th Sons of the Revolution in California Spend some quality time at this Sons of the Revolution in California website and uncover some interesting facts and figures of the American Revolution;
  • The British navy dominated the seas;
  • Hay for the horses was also in great demand.

Some of those funds were used to hire Hessian mercenaries to fight the Americans. I believe them steady, but their slowness is of the greatest disadvantage in a country almost covered with woods, and against an Enemy whose chief qualification is agility in running from fence to fence and thence keeping up an irregular, but galling fire on troops who advance with the same pace as at their exercise. Light infantry accustomed to fight from tree to tree, or charge even in woods; and Grenadiers who after the first fire lose no time in loading again, but rush on, trusting entirely to that most decisive of weapons the bayonet, will ever be superior to any troops the Rebels can bring against them.

Such are the British, and such the method of fighting which has been attended with constant success. Hale, letter to unknown recipient March 23, 1778 The Americans had tremendous difficulty raising enough funds to purchase basic supplies for their troops, including shoes and blankets. The British had a winning tradition. Around one in five Americans openly favored the Crown, with about half of the population hoping to avoid the conflict altogether.

Most Indian tribes sided with Britain, who promised protection of tribal lands. American Strengths and British Weaknesses Although American troops may not have had the military force and economic base that their British rivals had, they did believe strongly in their fight for freedom and liberty.

On the other hand, the Americans had many intangible advantages.

The British fought a war far from home. Military orders, troops, and supplies sometimes took months to reach their destinations. The British had an extremely difficult objective. They had to persuade the Americans to give up their claims of independence.

As long as the war continued, the colonists' claim continued to gain validity. The geographic vastness of the colonies proved a hindrance to the British effort.

Despite occupying every major city, the British remained as at a disadvantage. Americans had a grand cause: This cause is much more just than waging a war to deny independence. American military and political leaders were inexperienced, but proved surprisingly competent.

  1. To make the problem of preparing for winter more vexing, the terms of enlistments for many soldiers were about to expire. Experience Storrs to Washington in separate letters of 23 October 1775.
  2. The "Casualties of the Revolutionary War" link also under the "Battles" link provides a detailed list of the dead and wounded from both the American and British forces. Funds were much more easily raised by the Empire than by the Continental Congress.
  3. Appendix I The Continental Congress passed a resolution on 4 November 1775 defining the ration of each enlisted soldier. Although it doesn't reveal the strengths and weaknesses of either side, the site does go into great detail on many other aspects of the war.
  4. Records of the American Revolution are often difficult to come by, as this website explains, so historians try to piece information together.

The war was expensive and the British population debated its necessity. In Parliament, there were many American sympathizers.

If you like our content, please share it on social media!

Finally, the alliance with the French gave Americans courage and a tangible threat that tipped the scales in America's favor. Songs of the Revolution American Revolution gave birth to many songs, but none gained the widespread notoriety that "Yankee Doodle" did.

Originally composed by the British to mock the colonial forces, the song became popular with Americans after their victory — the ultimate tongue-out, thumbs-in-ears-with-fingers-waving anthem for a proud, young nation.

  • At first glance, the odds were clearly against the Americans;
  • Hale, letter to unknown recipient March 23, 1778 The Americans had tremendous difficulty raising enough funds to purchase basic supplies for their troops, including shoes and blankets;
  • Critical shortages of arms and ammunition, clothing, shelter, and camp equipment persisted in spite of repeated appeals to political authorities and the local population; food rations for both man and beast were unpredictable;
  • Money was lacking to pay riflemen, who were critical to the army;
  • One million dollars was appropriated by Congress in early October, alleviating the situation temporarily, but the long term problem of financing thew war was never solved;
  • Representing the people of thirteen different states was not an easy matter, and the delegates were forced to govern by consensus and to administer by committee.

Read about the song's history at this site, part of PBS's online companion to "Liberty! Records of the American Revolution are often difficult to come by, as this website explains, so historians try to piece information together. What information have they been able to gather on th Sons of the Revolution in California Spend some quality time at this Sons of the Revolution in California website and uncover some interesting facts and figures of the American Revolution.

  • Britain's military was the best in the world;
  • Critical shortages of arms and ammunition, clothing, shelter, and camp equipment persisted in spite of repeated appeals to political authorities and the local population; food rations for both man and beast were unpredictable.

Although it doesn't reveal the strengths and weaknesses of either side, the site does go into great detail on many other aspects of the war. The best place to start is the "Battles" link. Clicking on any year in the chronology brings up a complete list of the battles of that year and the dates they took place. The "Casualties of the Revolutionary War" link also under the "Battles" link provides a detailed list of the dead and wounded from both the American and British forces.

And all this is only one link! Other links include "Flag History" and "Colonial Uniforms.