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The symptoms and treatmenf of ovarian cancer

  • Birth control Using the contraceptive pill for at least 3 to 6 months appears to reduce the risk;
  • Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries;
  • The mutations tell the cell to grow and multiply quickly, creating a mass tumor of abnormal cells;
  • For this reason, women who are diagnosed with breast cancer and who test positive for the BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene may opt to have an oophorectomy as preventive therapy.

Most cases of ovarian cancer develop after menopause. How is ovarian cancer diagnosed? Performing a pelvic exam can help your doctor discover irregularities, but small ovarian tumors are very difficult to feel. As the tumor grows, it presses against the bladder and rectum. Your doctor may be able to detect irregularities during a rectovaginal pelvic examination.

Your doctor may also do the following tests: This is a type of imaging test that uses sound waves to detect tumors in the reproductive organs, including the ovaries. Abdominal and pelvic CT scan.

Ovarian cancer symptoms

Blood test to measure cancer antigen 125 CA-125 levels. This is a biomarker that is used to assess treatment response for ovarian cancer and other reproductive organ cancers. However, menstruation, uterine fibroidsand uterine cancer can also affect levels of CA-125 in the blood. This involves removing a small sample of tissue from the ovary and analyzing the sample under a microscope. A biopsy is the only way your doctor can confirm whether you have ovarian cancer.

Your doctor determines the stage based on how far the cancer has spread. There are four stages, and each stage has sub-stages: Stage 1 Stage 1 ovarian cancer has three sub-stages: The cancer is limited, or localized, to one ovary.

  1. The female reproductive system contains two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. Treatment usually involves 3 to 6 chemotherapy sessions, or cycles.
  2. Stromal tumors, which begin in the ovarian tissue that contains hormone-producing cells.
  3. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic Causes It's not clear what causes ovarian cancer, though doctors have identified factors that can increase the risk of the disease. These drugs prevent the cancer cells from dividing and growing.
  4. Gynecologic surgery Having surgery on the reproductive organs appear to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer. This may include tissue from the gallbladder and other organs.
  5. The more pregnancies they have, the lower the risk.

The cancer is in both ovaries. There are also cancer cells on the outside of the ovary.

Ovarian Cancer: Early Symptoms, Detection, and Treatment

Stage 2 In stage 2, the tumor has spread to other pelvic structures. It has two sub-stages: The cancer has spread to the uterus or fallopian tubes.

How do you get ovarian cancer?

The cancer spread to the bladder or rectum. Stage 3 Stage 3 ovarian cancer has three sub-stages: The cancer has spread beyond the pelvis to the lining of the abdomen and the lymph nodes in the abdomen. The cancer cells are outside of the spleen or liver.

Main symptoms

Stage 4 In stage 4, the tumor has metastasized, or spread, beyond the pelvis, abdomen, and lymph nodes to the liver or lungs.

There are two sub-stages in stage 4: In stage 4A, the cancerous cells are in the fluid around the lungs. In stage 4B, the most advanced stagethe cells have reached the inside of the spleen or liver or even other distant organs like the skin or brain.