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The theme of flooding in christian religion

Most often He has guided the man without friends" Throughout the story of Beowulfone finds many elements of Christian philosophy: However, there is also a strong sense of heroic pride within Beowulf which is at times in direct conflict with these Christian values. Thus, we see the dichotomies of pride vs. But he also teaches the lessons of Christian philosophy: Throughout the story Beowulf repeatedly acknowledges God as his protector.

When Beowulf relates his battle with Grendel's motherhe states that "The fight would have ended straightaway if God had not guarded me" 1. Further exemplified by the powerfully stated "most often He has guided the man without friends" 1.

Aristotle and Augustine

However, there is also a strong sense that God's protection must be earned; a warrior must first be true to his values, courage, honesty, pride, and humility and only then will he earn God's protection.

In addition to earthly protection, there is also the sense that all earthly good, be it success or wealth, derives from God.

For example, when about to fight Grendel's mother in her cave, Beowulf sees a great weapon hanging on the wall.

But he does not take credit for this perception. The credit is given to God: And later in the passage, Hrothgar tells Beowulf that even the status of king is achieved through the grace of God.

When telling of Heremod, a king who falls victim to pride and selfishness, Hrothgar tells Beowulf "he turned away from the joys of men, alone, notorious king, although mighty God had raised him in power, in the joys of strength, had set him up over all men" 4. And again, "It is a wonder to say how in His great spirit God gives wisdom to mankind, land and earlship. He possesses power over all things. At times He lets the thought of a man of high lineage move in delight" 5.

The theme of flooding in christian religion

In other words, a king's earthly power is only an illusion. The true power lies with God. Any "delight" that a man enjoys here on earth is achieved only through the grace of God. Moreover, Hrothgar tells Beowulf that earthly success, given by God, must be handled with humility and a sense of sharing or the earthly king will bring on his own doom.

Hrothgar tells Beowulf of a selfish king: The phrase "he covets" is strongly reminiscent of the Christian Ten Commandmentsthat material desire leads to wanting more and more until nothing will suffice.

Thus, a good king is willing to share his earthly possessions; he is one who "recklessly gives precious gifts, not fearfully guard them" 5.

Hrothgar tells Beowulf that life itself is a gift from God, that even the human body is "loaned" 5. Aristotle and Augustine There is a dichotomy of values in Beowulf: Beowulf is a man who boasts, yet he also has wisdom and humility.

On the one hand Beowulf is reminded that pride will bring destruction: Yet it is that very pride and boastfullness that help make Beowulf a heroic warrior capable of achieving the greatest of deeds. The concept of the tragic flaw of which Hrothgar warns Beowulf was first expounded by the Greek philosopher Aristotlewith Sophocles' Oedipus Rex as the ultimate example in Greek literature.

However, as much as the Greeks spoke of the tragic flaw, there is still a strong sense of the heroic in their epic literature. Heroism and arrogance are to be admired as long as the hero does not strive too close to the gods and the heavens. It is not until well into the medieval period that Christianity reaches full bloom and the quality of heroic arrogance falls into disrepute. The Christian philosopher St. Augustine helped to turn man away from this earthly arrogance and the desire for material wealth and success.

In Augustine's City of Godhe attacks pagan culture and its pantheon of gods, blaming them for the decadence of society. It is Augustine's ideas that we see in Beowulftempering the heroic arrogance of the great warrior. However wide the dichotomy of values may be, Beowulf appears to have achieved the difficult balance between pride and humility.

For example, at the end of Further Celebration at Heorot Beowulf returns the sword Hrunting which turns out to be useless in his battle with Grendel's mother. But instead of taunting Unferth, Beowulf praises the sword: Beowulf is a mix of two ideals: Grendel is referred to as a descendant of Cain: In addition, there is a reference to the Great Flood that took place in Genesis: The The theme of flooding in christian religion made them a last payment through waters welling" 3.

In this reference to the biblical flood, the author of Beowulf is suggesting that the sword's creators were descendants of those that caused God to bring on the flood perhaps even suggesting that they were descendants of Cain.

However, earlier in the passage these same giants are referred to with reverence: Once again there is a contrast between the pagan and Christian cultures, as the same "giants" are referred to with honor and contempt in succeeding paragraphs.