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What type of government did the puritans have

A Sourcebook of Their Writings, I Puritanism may perhaps best be described as that point of view, that philosophy of life, that code of values, which was carried to New England by the first settlers in the early seventeenth century. Beginning thus, it has become one of the continuous factors in American life and American thought.

What type of government did Joseph Stalin have?

Any inventory of the elements that have what type of government did the puritans have into the making of the "American mind" would have to commence with Puritanism. It is, indeed, only one among many: Among these factors Puritanism has been perhaps the most conspicuous, the most sustained, and the most fecund. Its role in American thought has been almost the dominant one, for the descendants of Puritans have carved at least some habits of the Puritan mind into a variety of pursuits, have spread across the country, and in many fields of activity have played a leading part.

The force of Puritanism, further-more, has been accentuated because it was the first of these traditions to be fully articulated, and because it has inspired certain traits which have persisted long after the vanishing of the original creed. Without some understanding of Puritanism, it may safely be said, there is no understanding of America. The English eliminated corrupt practices in the church; reformed ritual, beliefs, and prayers; and disbanded monasteries.

By 1560, those who wished to continue purifying the Church of England were called Puritans. The Puritans wanted to re-establish the original simplicity of the church by eliminating practices and church hierarchy which were not mentioned in the Bible.

However, the Puritans did not agree among themselves on how far the reform should be carried and exactly what should be changed and how:. The Presbyterians and Congregationalists insisted that they were members of the Church of England; the Separatists broke away, to the distress of the other Puritans. Church attendance was to be mandatory.

  • What is the theocracy puritan government religion?
  • Rebecca is a freelance writer and history lover who got her start in journalism working for small-town newspapers in Massachusetts and New Hampshire after she graduated from the University of New Hampshire with a B.

Since the Church of England was the established or national church, their flight was regarded generally as disloyal, if not quite treason.

Stereotype and Reality Stereotype: The Puritans were reactionaries. The Puritans were also revolutionaries who fought a Civil War from 1642-49, executed Charles I and the Archbishop of Canterbury in 1649, and established a Commonwealth, which lasted until 1660, when the monarchy was restored with Charles II. The Puritans wore dark, drab clothing, and the men wore black stovepipe hats.

They wore clothing in every color and hue, and the men wore no such hats.

The Puritans were killjoys who condemned alcohol and smoking. They enjoyed both drinking and smoking; what they objected to was excess. The Pilgrims landed at Plymouth 1628: An advance party of Puritans began to prepare Massachusetts Bay for settlement.

  1. The Puritans, however, accepted Calvin's belief in double predestination. Unfortunately, at least for those who measure progress in terms of large-scale industrial and commercial expansion, the original choice of settlement on the shores of shallow Plymouth Harbor prevented the colony from ever achieving the size, prominence, wealth, or importance of Massachusetts Bay Colony or New York.
  2. MERGE already exists as an alternate of this question.
  3. Even for the small minority who did not fill a government position, attendance at town meetings was made virtually obligatory by assessing fines for absence. A political system that allows the citizens to participate in political decision-making, or to elect representatives to government bodies is usually called a democracy ; which has been defined as " government of the people, by the people, for the people"..
  4. Its History and Its People. Any inventory of the elements that have gone into the making of the "American mind" would have to commence with Puritanism.

The Great Migration began; an estimated 3,000 persons migrated to Massachusetts Bay. An estimated 20,000 immigrants sailed for Massachusetts Bay 1631: Citizenship was limited to membership in the churches. This meant that about one in five adult males could vote. Each spring, the citizens or their representatives met in Boston to elect the governor, other officials, and members of the General Court.

  • They believed that the Church was all important and to follow the belief's of the Puritans, the Church and State government should operate as one;
  • Church Membership and Ordination To become a member of a church or congregation, an individual had to apply and to prove spiritual worthiness by giving evidence of having received divine grace.

Before the vote, a minister gave an election sermon. Harvard was founded, primarily to produce an educated ministry. The first printing press in English settlements was set up in Cambridge 1647: The law required every town of 100 families or more to provide free elementary instruction, whether through private or public school.

A humanistic curriculum was followed. Plymouth Colony was absorbed into Massachusetts Bay, by royal charter. The Charter of 1692 also appointed the governor and gave the right to vote to male property holders. Consequently, the Puritans began to lose their political stranglehold on the colony, and the church and state were being separated.

Accelerating this trend was the tendency of subsequent generations to lack the fervor and commitment of the first generation of Puritans, and the increasing number of non-Puritan immigrants.

Gradually, Massachusetts Bay ceased to be a theocracy [theocracy: The King gave his permission for the migration in order for England to acquire raw materials, to check the power of Spain, to find a new route to the Orient, and to convert the Indians. Covenant Theology, also Federal Theology The Puritans saw in the Bible a rational and consistent doctrine, the covenant, which set forth rules and regulations which covered every aspect of life [covenant: Government and Subordination The Fall made government necessary, so God created government.

  • The charter also established the General Court of Massachusetts, which would be made up of the freemen of the colony and had the authority to elect officers and make laws for the colony;
  • The King gave his permission for the migration in order for England to acquire raw materials, to check the power of Spain, to find a new route to the Orient, and to convert the Indians;
  • MERGE already exists as an alternate of this question.

Though the form of government was not specified in the Bible, it was clear to the Puritans that men and women should live in communities under a government with the power the power to direct their lives and to punish evildoing. Government depended on the compact or agreement of the governed, whose willing and active participation created society.

In other words, society was one unit and members were subordinated to its purpose; the holy and regenerate i. Natural Depravity and Reason With the Fall of Adam and Eve, human nature and reason fell too, so that they were corrupted, i. As Uriah Oakes explained: The Puritans, however, accepted Calvin's belief in double predestination: By predestination we mean the eternal decree of God, by which he determined with himself whatever he wished to happen with regard to every person.

All are not created on equal terms, but some are preordained to eternal life, others to eternal damnation. Institutes of the Christian Religion, 1599 In other words, God predetermines who is to be damned also called reprobation and elects who is to be saved also called regeneration. Grace Salvation can come only through grace, and grace comes only from God. Grace elevates reason so that it better perceives and apprehends the divine order, the unity, and the reasonableness of the world.

Solomon Stoddard 1643-1729 explained: Church Membership and Ordination To become a member of a church or congregation, an individual had to apply and to prove spiritual worthiness by giving evidence of having received divine grace.

The Government of Plymouth Colony

Though not all residents of the Colony were church members, all residents had to attend services and pay taxes to support the church. A minister was ordinated by a congregation or individual church. Ramean Reasoning or Logic Pierre Ramee or Petrus Ramus 1515-1572 challenged Aristotelean logic the tripartite syllogism and introduced a reasoning based on disjunction and hypothesis.

In Ramean logic, a choice of alternatives was presented: An inner guide right reason recognized which of two alternatives was true. The Puritans relied on Ramean logic, though they used Aristotelean syllogisms as well. Here is a sample of a composite syllogism or Puritan argument: Was the world created or not?

If not, it has no purpose or meaning; this is ridiculous. Therefore, the world was created. But created by God or by itself?

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It cannot have created itself so reason tells us. Therefore, God created the world.

The Puritan Ideal While living in this world, the individual should be fixed on or committed to the next world. In the words of John Cotton, "There is another combination of vertues strangely mixed in every lively holy Christian, And that is, Diligence in worldly businesses, and yet deadness to the world; such a mystery as none can read, but they that know it.

Every moment, every action, every occurrence had meaning, significant meaning. In an effort to read its moral and spiritual significance, Puritans commonly kept journals in which they recorded occurrences in their lives and communities.

Puritanism and Democracy The Puritans did not believe in democracy—or freedom and liberty; nevertheless, Puritanism and democracy do share some beliefs: Food for Thought How different are Puritan beliefs from our beliefs? For example, does their belief in predestination have a modern equivalent in the debate of nature versus nurture, i.