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A biography of general robert e lee a briliant military leader

Military leader and general Born: January 19, 1807 in Stratford Hall, Virginia Died: October 12, 1870 in Lexington, Virginia Best known for: Where did Robert E.

Lee was born on January 19, 1807 in Stratford Hall, Virginia. His mother, Ann Carter, came from a wealthy family. Despite his family's pedigree, they were not rich.

Robert's father had made some bad business deals and lost all of the family's money. When Robert was two years old, his dad went to debtor's prison.

Making Sense of Robert E. Lee

A few years later his dad went to the West Indies and never returned. Becoming a Soldier Since Robert's family didn't have any money, he saw the military as a great way to get a free education and to have a career. After graduating, he joined the Army Corps of Engineers where he would help build forts and bridges for the army. Mary came from a famous family and was the great-granddaughter of Martha Washington.

Mary and Robert would have 7 children over the years, including three boys and four girls.

Robert E. Lee

He reported to General Winfield Scott who would later say that Lee was one of the best soldiers he had ever seen in battle. Lee was promoted to colonel for his efforts during the war and had made a name for himself as a military leader. He was protesting slavery in the South and was hoping to start up a revolt among the slaves.

  1. Six days later his advance commander—Lt. Longstreet mounted a sulky objection, but Lee was adamant.
  2. But if she secedes though I do not believe in secession as a constitutional right, nor that there is sufficient cause for revolution , then I will follow my native State with my sword, and, if need be, with my life. Perhaps that in itself should have made it clear that Longstreet and Ewell had their hands full.
  3. He did not see right and wrong in tones of gray, and yet his moralizing could generate a fog, as in a letter from the front to his invalid wife. On September 1, 1852, he became superintent of the U.
  4. Army commission to defend Virginia and fight for the Confederacy, on the side of slavery. Where did Robert E.

Lee was in charge of a group of marines sent in to stop the raid. Once Lee arrived, the marines quickly subdued John Brown and his men. Once again, Lee had made a name for himself. Lee, however, was also loyal to his home state of Virginia.

Although he didn't agree with slavery, Lee felt he could not fight against his home state. The Virginia army fought many of the key battles of the eastern front.

Although the Confederate armies were constantly outnumbered by the Union armies, Lee and his men managed to win many battles through their brilliance and courage. Lee earned the nickname the Grey Fox. The "grey" was because he wore the grey uniform of the Confederate soldier and rode a grey horse. The "fox" was because he was smart and cunning as a military leader.

  • He arose early on July 2, half expecting to find that the Yankees had skedaddled;
  • Communication was no better with the opposite flank;
  • As a Captain Spessard charged, he saw his son shot dead;
  • Lee was in charge of a group of marines sent in to stop the raid.

Surrender Lee fought brilliantly, but eventually the overwhelming numbers of the Union forces had him surrounded. On April 9, 1865 General Robert E.

Robert E. Lee Pictures

Lee surrendered his army to General Ulysses S. Grant at the courthouse in AppomattoxVirginia. He received good terms for his soldiers, who were given food and allowed to return home. Lee became president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia. He worked there until he died from a stroke in 1870.

  1. Lee rode forward to Seminary Ridge, the ridge closest to the town. His support of the act may not have been as convincing to the Congress as the 100,000-man Army of the Potomac that George McClellan was advancing up the Virginia peninsula toward Richmond.
  2. As he said of his late lieutenant. Communication was no better with the opposite flank.
  3. Lee committed an error common to military leaders at this stage of the war.
  4. One thing that clearly drove him was devotion to his home state. He had given Stuart broad discretion as usual, and Stuart had overextended himself.
  5. During the postbellum century, when Americans North and South decided to embrace R.

Lee only wanted peace and healing for the United States after the Civil War. Interesting Facts About Robert E.

  • The days of July 1-3, 1863, still stand among the most horrific and formative in American history;
  • He took the time to admonish, mildly, an officer who was beating his horse;
  • By June 16, the entire Army of Northern Virginia 70,000 men, comprising three infantry corps plus cavalry and artillery was stretched out in a long column whose tail was just departing Fredericksburg even as its head was approaching the Pennsylvania border;
  • But several days earlier he had made a fateful decision that would afterward be seen as critical to the outcome of this operation, and a significant factor in the intelligence failures at Gettysburg;
  • Based on the flags displayed and prisoners taken, he was facing one Union corps.

Lee The "E" stands for Edward. Lee's ancestors were some of the first Europeans to settle in Virginia. He also had two relatives who signed the Declaration of Independence.

Their land would later become the Arlington National Cemetery. At the start of the war, Lee's nickname was "Granny Lee" because people thought he commanded like an old woman.

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Soon, however, he would be known for his leadership and military brilliance. His horse, Traveller, became famous and is shown in many pictures and paintings of Robert E.

After the war Lee was no longer a United States citizen. President Gerald Ford restored his citizenship in 1975 after documents were found that showed Lee had taken an oath to remain loyal to the United States.

Activities Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element. Overview of the Civil War.