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A biography of julius caesar a roman empire dictator

Ancient Rome

Roman general and dictator Born: Where did Caesar grow up? He was born to an aristocratic family that could trace their bloodlines back to the founding of Rome.

Julius Caesar: Dictator for Life

His parents were well-off, but they weren't rich by Roman standards. His full name was Gaius Julius Caesar.

Julius Caesar (100BC - 44BC)

Did Caesar go to school? At around the age of six, Gaius began his education. He was taught by a private tutor named Marcus Antonius Gnipho. He learned how to read and write. He also learned about Roman law and how to speak in public.

  1. He convinced his captors to raise his ransom, then organised a naval force, captured the pirates and put them to death. The date of Caesar's death, March 15th, is also called the Ides of March.
  2. It was evident that the misgovernment of the Roman state and the Greco-Roman world by the Roman nobility could not continue indefinitely and it was fairly clear that the most probable alternative was some form of military dictatorship backed by dispossessed Italian peasants who had turned to long-term military service.
  3. In 46 BC, he gave himself the title of 'Prefect of Morals', which meant he could hold censorial powers without being subjected to them himself. He did not succeed, however.
  4. Caesar himself initiated a noncontroversial and much-needed act for punishing misconduct by governors of provinces.

These were important skills he would need as a leader of Rome. Becoming an Adult Caesar's father died when he was sixteen years old. He became the head of the family and was responsible for his mother Aurelia and his sister Julia. At the age of seventeen he married Cornelia, the daughter of a powerful politician in Rome. Early Career Young Caesar soon found himself in the middle of a power struggle between two factions in the government.

Caesar joined the army and left Rome in order to avoid Sulla and his allies.

Julius Caesar

When Sulla died, Caesar returned to Rome. He was now a military hero from his years in the army. He quickly rose up the ranks in the Roman government. He made allies with powerful men such as the general Pompey the Great and the wealthy Crassus.

Caesar was an excellent speaker and the people of Rome loved him. Consul and General At the age of 40 Julius Caesar was elected to consul. Consul was the highest ranking position in the Roman Republic.

The consul was like a president, but there were two consuls and they only served for one year. At the end of his year as consul, Caesar became governor of the province of Gaul.

As governor of Gaul, Caesar was in charge of four Roman legions. He was a very effective governor and general. He conquered all of Gaul. He gained the respect and honor from his army and soon was considered alongside Pompey as the greatest general in the Roman army. Many of the leaders were jealous of Caesar and his following.

  • Caesar was elected one of the curule aediles for 65 bce, and he celebrated his tenure of this office by unusually lavish expenditure with borrowed money;
  • Caesar took control of Rome in 49 BC and spent the next 18 months fighting Pompey;
  • But, my least favorite part is when Caesar died on 44 B;
  • What would he have done with this time?
  • In public funeral orations in their honour, Caesar found opportunities for praising Cinna and Marius.

Even Pompey became jealous and soon Caesar and Pompey became rivals. Caesar had the support of the people and Pompey had the support of the aristocrats. Caesar announced that he was going to return to Rome and run for consul again. The Roman Senate replied that he must give up the command of his army first. Caesar refused and the Senate said he was a traitor.

Caesar began to march his army to Rome. Caesar took control of Rome in 49 BC and spent the next 18 months fighting Pompey. He finally defeated Pompey, chasing him all the way to Egypt. He was now the most powerful man in the world. The Senate made him dictator for life and he ruled like a king. He made many changes to Rome. He put his own supporters in the Senate. He built new buildings and temples in the city of Rome. He even changed the calendar to the now famous Julian calendar with 365 days and a leap year.

Murder Some people in Rome felt that Caesar was too powerful. They were worried that his rule would put an end to the Roman Republic. They plotted to kill him. The leaders of the plot were Cassius and Brutus. A number of men ran up to him and began to attack him and killed him. He was stabbed 23 times.

Interesting Facts a biography of julius caesar a roman empire dictator Julius Caesar Caesar was once kidnapped by pirates while still a young man. He joked with them that he would have them executed once he was free. They laughed, but Caesar had the last laugh when he later captured them and had them killed. Caesar's uncle was Gaius Marius, a famous war hero known for reorganizing the Roman army.

The date of Caesar's death, March 15th, is also called the Ides of March. While in Egypt he fell in love with the queen of Egypt, Cleopatra.

He helped her to become pharaoh and had a child named Caesarion with her. Caesar's heir was his nephew Octavian. Octavian became the first Roman emperor changing his name to Caesar Augustus.

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