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A look into life of mahatma gandhi

February 12, 2018 12: India was under the British rule for over 250 years. Gandhi's contribution to the Indian freedom movement cannot be measured in words. He, along with other freedom fighters, compelled the British to leave India. His policies and agendas were non-violent and his words were the source of inspiration for millions.

Mahatma Gandhi

Let's look at Mahatma Gandhi's famous contributions to Indian freedom movement: In order to gain the trust of the empire, Gandhi agreed to move people to enlist in the army for World War I. However, he wrote to the Viceroy and said that he "personally will not kill or injure anybody, friend or foe".

  • He persuaded both the parties to agree to arbitration;
  • Many of them gladly offered the same;
  • He advised the labourers to demand the same;
  • It was here that Gandhi would formulate the unique version of nonviolent resistance that would change the world for ever -- Satyagraha;
  • When he was a few yards away from the prayer platform, a young man came forward;
  • It was unbearable for Gandhi that they should break the vow.

Champaran The Champaran agitation in Bihar was Gandhi's first active involvement into Indian freedom politics. The Champaran farmers were being forced to grow Indigo and were being tortured if they protested. The farmers sought Gandhi's help and through a calculated non-violent protest, Gandhi managed to win concessions from the authority. Kheda When Kheda, a village in Gujarat, was badly hit by floods, the local farmers appealed to the rulers to waive off the taxes.

Here, Gandhi started a signature campaign where peasants pledged non-payment of taxes.

Mahatma Gandhi - the person, the hero, the legend

He also arranged a social boycott of the mamlatdars and talatdars revenue officials. In 1918, the Government relaxed the conditions of payment of revenue tax until the famine ended. Khilafat Movement Gandhi's influence on the Muslim population was remarkable. This was evident in his involvement in the Khilafat Movement. After the first World War, the Muslims feared for the safety of their Caliph or religious leader a look into life of mahatma gandhi a worldwide protest was being organised to fight against the collapsing status of the Caliph.

Gandhi became a prominent spokesperson of the All India Muslim Conference and returned the medals he had received from the Empire during his Indian Ambulance Corps days in South Africa.

His role in the Khilafat made him a national leader in no time. Non-cooperation Movement Gandhi had realised that the British had been able to be in India only because of the co-operation they received from the Indians. Keeping this in mind, he called for a non-cooperation movement. With the Congress' support and his indomitable spirit, he convinced people that peaceful non-cooperation was the key to Independence.

The ominous day of Jallianwala Bagh Massacre triggered the non-cooperation movement. Gandhi set the goal of Swaraj or self-governance, which since then became the motto of Indian freedom movement. Salt March Also known as the Dandi Movement, Gandhi's Salt March is considered to be a pivotal incident in the history of freedom struggle.

At the Calcutta Congress of 1928, Gandhi declared that the British must grant India dominion status or the country will erupt into a revolution for complete independence.

  1. Revolutionary social philosophies had concentrated on changing the society.
  2. His principle of non-violence stemmed from this conviction. Instead, the night proved to be a turning point in his life as he decided to stay on in South Africa and fight the racial discrimination against Indians there.
  3. Thousands of people joined him and made it one of the biggest marches in Indian history. There were various other pressures on the British Government to make political concessions.

The British did not pay heed to this. As a result, on December 31, 1929, the Indian flag was unfurled in Lahore and the next January 26 was celebrated as the Indian Independence Day.

Then, Gandhi started a Satyagraha campaign against the salt tax in March 1930. He marched 388 kilometres from Ahmedabad to Dandi in Gujarat to make salt.

Thousands of people joined him and made it one of the biggest marches in Indian history. This happened when the British started recruiting Indians for the war. Gandhi protested strongly and said that the Indians cannot be involved in a war that is in favour of democratic purposes when India itself is not a free country.

This argument exposed the two-faced image of the colonisers and within half a decade, they were out of this country.

How Gandhi shaped our Independence: 7 major freedom movements initiated by Mahatma Gandhi

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