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Abortion should not be allowed by law

Abortion for social reasons is usually least acceptable to opponents. Birth control and disability Abortion as a substitute for contraception Some methods of contraception in fact amount to abortion during the very earliest stage of a pregnancy.

This section only deals with abortion after the first week of pregnancy. Some societies have used abortion as a substitute for adequate provision of contraception, or quite deliberately to regulate population size. In 1965, a United Nations Conference on World Population in Belgrade said that abortion was the chief method of birth control in the world at that time. Most western supporters of abortion rights do not support abortions carried out for such reasons - or at least not as explicit public policy.

  1. Objection If something has the potential of having a valuable life, then it is valuable, and fetuses have the potential of having a valuable life.
  2. Just because something is alive doesn't mean it has rights. As such, parents have an obligation to protect for the lives of their children, one which is already enshrined in law.
  3. Generally, we only inflict violence on others when they have caused violence. To the contrary, a fetus grows and develops, reproduces, responds to stimuli, is made of cells, and uses energy, thereby making it alive.
  4. In 1965, a United Nations Conference on World Population in Belgrade said that abortion was the chief method of birth control in the world at that time.

However some doctors do argue that abortion should be part of a country's contraception policy. They say that a society that believes that people should plan their families must allow women to end unwanted pregnancies, in order to deal with failures of birth control.

  • Other, pro-life, campaigners have objected to this argument on the grounds that it permits eugenic abortion - abortion to eliminate disabling genes from the human race;
  • Objection The debate is not about what the current laws are, but about what the laws should be;
  • Most pregnant women don't NEED to abort.

Abortion and disability Some ethicists dislike the argument that abortion should be allowed where the baby, if born, would suffer from physical or mental handicaps. They say that allowing this as a reason for abortion is offensive to disabled people; because it implies that they, and their lives, are less worthwhile than the lives of 'normal' people.

And some people with disabilities that could be put forward as grounds for abortion argue that they would much rather be alive than have been killed in the womb. Section 1 1 d of the UK's 1967 Abortion Act allowed termination of a pregnancy at any time if there was a significant risk of the baby being born seriously disabled.

Reasons for abortion

Under other circumstances abortion has to take place during the first 6 months of the pregnancy. The Disability Rights Commission criticised this section in the following words: The Section is offensive to many people; it reinforces negative stereotypes of disability and there is substantial support for the view that to permit terminations at any point during a pregnancy on the ground of risk of disability, while time limits apply to other grounds set out in the Abortion Act, is incompatible with valuing disability and non-disability equally.

In common with a wide range of disability and other organisations, the DRC believes the context in which parents choose whether to have a child should be one in which disability and non-disability are valued equally. Disability Rights Commission Other ethicists argue that whether or not people with disabilities are upset by this argument is irrelevant. They say that the argument is wrong because it attacks the principle that all human beings are equally valuable in their own ways.

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They say that it is just plain wrong to say that one life is less valuable than another. Other, pro-life, campaigners have objected to this argument on the grounds that it permits eugenic abortion - abortion to eliminate disabling genes from the human race.

Eugenics and gender selection Abortion and eugenics Abortion has been used in the past to stop the growth of population groups, or racial groups regarded as genetically 'inferior'. This is now regarded as a most serious breach of human rights and a criminal act.

Why Abortion is Illegal? Comparison of Legal and Illegal Abortion: A Critical Review.

Abortion has been used in the past to stop people with various genetic defects from having children. When this is done as a matter of public policy it is now regarded as a most serious breach of human rights and a criminal act.

Should abortion be legal?

Abortion and gender selection In some countries, particularly India there is a major problem with female foeticide - deliberately aborting foetuses that would be born as girls. For sociological and economic reasons parents in some cultures prefer to have boy babies. When parents can discover the gender of the foetus in advance, they sometimes request the termination of a pregnancy solely because the foetus is female.

While selective abortion for gender preference is illegal in India, the low proportion of female births relative to male births, together with other evidence, makes it certain that female foeticide is practised on a large scale.