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The benefits and applications of aquaculture in society

Contact Us About Insights in Aquaculture and Biotechnology Insights in Aquaculture and Biotechnology is an International Open Access peer reviewed publication that discusses current research and advancements in Aquaculture and Biotechnology.

The journal covers several key aspects in these fields by including research on topics like Aquaculture, prawn cultivation, crab and pearl farming. Biotechnological applications in improving the production rates, conservation of germplasm of various commercially important and endangered species at a broad spectrum of biotech research efforts and their applications to the aquaculture industry.

Insights in Aquaculture Biotechnology provides key reviews that look at the application of genetic, cellular, and molecular technologies to enable fish farmers to produce a more abundant, resilient, and healthier supply of seafood.

Increased public demand for seafood and decreasing natural marine habitats have encouraged scientists to study ways that biotechnology can increase the production of marine food products, and making aquaculture as a growing field of animal research.

Biotechnology allows scientists to identify and combine traits in fish and shellfish to increase productivity and improve quality. Scientists are investigating genes that will increase production of natural the benefits and applications of aquaculture in society growth factors as well as the natural defense compounds marine organisms use to fight microbial infections.

Modern biotechnology is already making important contributions and poses significant challenges to aquaculture and fisheries development. The journal encourages advancements in the areas not limited to the one mentioned above in the form of research articles, reviews, commentaries, case studies and letters to the editors. The editorial manager system facilitates a user friendly article submission, review and publication. Manuscripts that are thoroughly peer reviewed would ensure the best standards in the industry.

Submit manuscript at https: It gives me great pleasure to welcome you to the first edition of Insights in Aquaculture and Biotechnology for which I have acted as Editor in chief. I am very aware of the responsibilities that the editor's role entails, and I approach my new role with both excitement and some trepidation!

Given the secure footing of the journal I do not propose any immediate or radical changes under my leadership, however for Insights in Aquaculture and Biotechnology will need to continue to evolve to ensure full advantage is taken of the rapidly changing world of publication and information dissemination.

The journal will continue to publish high quality clinical and epidemiological research in health and disease in later life. Original research articles form the bulk of the content, with systematic reviews an important sub-section. We will encourage all authors to work to these standards.

Such emphasis on methodological rigour is vital to ensure that conclusions reached from publications contained in the journal are valid and reliable. Peer review remains a vital component of our assessment of submitted articles. However these weaknesses can be managed by an effective and active editorial office, and I believe they are outweighed by the benefits. There is strong consensus that accepted articles are often improved by peer review after referees' comments and criticisms are dealt with; this explicit appraisal process also helps to engender trust of the reader.

However even the best clinical research publications, subjected to close scrutiny by peer review, often have weaknesses. Here editorials and commentaries play a key role in exploring more contentious issues in a balanced way, allowing the reader to make an informed decision on how or whether their clinical practice should be altered.

It is important we have a good balance of different article type within the journal. I am keen to encourage publication of high-quality evidence-based guidelines in for aquaculture and biotechnology. Such articles are widely read and downloadedcan have major impact on clinical practice, and also tend to be highly cited to the benefit of our Impact Factor.

The paper journal remains popular amongst readers, and it will remain the core output. However the use of electronic media is now a vital component of dissemination, providing a vehicle for wider international access to download selected publications, encouraging debate and discussion in letters to the editor, and providing a mechanism for publishing complex detailed appendices that are of interest to only a small proportion of readers.

The current group of Associate Editors work incredibly hard particularly in the assessment and processing of submitted articles. The journal is also backed up by a stellar cast of experts on our international advisory board, which the benefits and applications of aquaculture in society individuals of the highest standing in aquaculture nd biotechnology; we are fortunate to have them as ambassadors for the journal.

The benefits and applications of aquaculture in society

Lastly I should thank all our submitting authors, who have toiled in the production of their work, and have chosen Insights in Aquaculture and Biotechnology as the journal they would like to publish in. Those that do have their work accepted should be proud of their achievement! These methods include spear fishing, netting, hand gathering, trapping etc.

The technology offers an excellent opportunity for modifying or improving the genetic traits of commercially important fishers, mollusks and crustaceans for aquaculture. The idea of producting transgenic animals became popular when Palmitter in 1982 first produced transgenic mouse by introducing metallothionein human growth hormone fusion gene mT-hGH into mouse egg, resulting in dramatic increase in growth.

This triggered a series of attemptson gene transfer in economically important animals including fish. The most promising tool for the future of transgenic fish production is undoubtedly in the development of the embryonic stem cell ESC technology.

There cells are undifferentiated and remain totipotent so they can be manipulated in vitro and subsequently reintroduce into early embryos where they can contribute to the germ line of the host.

Fishing Techniques

This would facilitate the genes to be stably introduced or deleted. Although significant progress has been made in several laboratories around the world, there are numerous problems to be resolved before the successful commercialization of the transgenic brood stock for aquaculture.

Mariculture Mariculture is a specialized branch of aquaculture involving the cultivation of marine organisms for food and other products in the open ocean, an enclosed section of the ocean, or in tanks, ponds or raceways which are filled with seawater. An example of the latter is the farming of marine fish, including finfish and shellfish like prawns, or oysters and seaweed in saltwater ponds.

Non-food products produced by mariculture include: Cryopreservation of gametes or gene banking Cryopreservation is a technique, which involve long-term preservation and storage of biological material at a very low temperature usually at -196 C ,the temperature of liquid nitrogen.

It is based on the principle that very low temperature tranquilize or immobilize the physiological and biochemical activities of cell, thereby making it possible to keep them viable for very long period. The technology of cryopreservation of fish spermatozoa milt has been adopted for animal husbandary.

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The spermatozoa of almost all cultivable fish species has now been cryopreserved. Cryopreservation overcomes problems of male maturing before female, allow selective breeding and stock improvement and enables the conservation.

One of the emerging requirements for that can be used by breeders for evolving new strains. Most of the plant varieties that has been produced are based on the gene bank collections.

Aquatic gene bank however suffers from the fact that at present it is possible to cryopreserve only the male gametes of finfishes and there in no viable technique for finfish eggs and embryos. Howeverthe recent report on the freezing of shrimp embryos. However, the recent report on the freezing of shrimps embryos look promising. Therefore, it is essential that gene banking of cultivated and cultivable aquatic species be the benefits and applications of aquaculture in society expeditiously.

Fish Health Management Disease problem area major constraint for development of aquaculture. Biotechnological tools such as molecular diagnostic methods, use of vaccines and immunostimulants are gaining popularity for improving the disease resistance in fish and shellfish species world over for viral diseases, avoidance of the pathogen in very important.

Biotechnological tools such as gene probes and polymerase chain reaction PCR are showing great potential in this area. Gene probes and PCR based diagnostic methods have developed for a number of pathogens affecting fish and shrimp. In case of finfish aquaculture, number of vaccine against bacteria and viruses has been developed. Some of these have been conventional vaccines consisting of killed microorganism but new generation of vaccine consisting of protein subunit vaccine genetically engineered organism and DNA vaccine are currently under development.

In the vertebrate system, immunization against disease is a common strategy. However the immune system of shrimp is rather poorly developed, biotechnological tools are helpful for development of molecule, which can stimulate this immune system of shrimp.

Recent studies have shown that the non-specific defense system can be stimulated using, microbial product such as lipopolysacharides, peptidoglycans or glucans. Among the immunostimulants known to be effective in fish glucan and levamisole enhance phagocytic activities and specific antibody responses.

Biotechnology in fish breeding Gonadotropin releasing hormone GnRH is now the best available biotechnological tool for the induced breeding of fish. GnRH is the key regulator and central initiator of reproductive cascade in all vertebrates.

It is a decapeptide and was first isolated from pig and ship hypothalami with the ability to induce pituitary release of luteinising hormone LH and follicle stimulating hormone FSH. Since then only one form of GnRH has been identified in most placental mammals including human beings as the sole neuropeptide causing the release of LH and FSH. However ,in non mammalian species except guinea pig twelve GnRH variants have now been structurally elucidated ,among them seven or eight different forms have been isolated from fish species.

Depending on the structural variant and their biological activities, number of chemical analogues have seen prepared and one of them is salmon GnRH analogue profusely used now in fish breeding and marked commercially throughout the world. The induced breeding of fish is now successfully achieved by development of GnRH technology. Biotechnology in Medicine It is anything but difficult to perceive how biotechnology can be utilized for restorative purposes. Information of the hereditary cosmetics of our species, the hereditary premise of heritable ailments, and the innovation of innovation to control and fix mutant qualities the benefits and applications of aquaculture in society techniques to treat the malady.

It is a begat word gotten from the words "pharmacology" and "genomics". It is, along these lines, the investigation of the connection amongst pharmaceuticals and hereditary qualities. The vision of pharmacogenomics is to have the capacity to outline and create drugs that are adjusted to every individual's hereditary cosmetics. Pharmacogenomics brings about the accompanying advantages: Advancement of tailor-made pharmaceuticals. Utilizing pharmacogenomics, pharmaceutical organizations can make drugs in view of the proteins, compounds, and RNA particles that are related with particular qualities and infections.

These customized drugs guarantee to boost remedial impacts, as well as to diminish harm to close-by sound cells. More exact techniques for deciding proper medication doses.

Knowing a patient's hereditary qualities will empower specialists to decide how well the patient's body can prepare and process a medication. This will amplify the estimation of the prescription and decline the probability of overdose.

Enhancements in the medication disclosure and endorsement handle. The disclosure of potential treatments will be made simpler utilizing genome targets.

Qualities have been related with various sicknesses and disarranges. With present day biotechnology, these qualities can be utilized as focuses for the improvement of viable new treatments, which could fundamentally abbreviate the medication revelation prepare.

More secure immunizations can be outlined and delivered by living beings changed by methods for hereditary designing. These immunizations will evoke the invulnerable reaction without the specialist dangers of contamination. They will be economical, steady, simple to store, and equipped for being designed to convey a few strains of pathogen on the double.

Current biotechnology can be utilized to produce existing medications all the more effortlessly and economically. The principal hereditarily built items were drugs intended to battle human ailments.

In 1978, Genentech joined a quality for insulin with a plasmid vector and put the subsequent quality into a bacterium called Escherichia coli. Insulin, broadly utilized for the treatment of diabetes, was beforehand extricated from sheep and pigs.

  • Marine life depends in some way on the saltwaterthat is in the sea the term marine comes from the Latin mare, meaning sea or ocean;
  • Also, the ponds can be left unprotected from natural predators, providing another kind of filtering;
  • This results in dramatic growth enhancement in several species, including salmonids, carps and tilapias;
  • In this method baits are used to catch fishes in bulk;
  • These methods include spear fishing, netting, hand gathering, trapping etc.

It was extremely costly and regularly evoked undesirable hypersensitive reactions. The subsequent hereditarily built bacterium empowered the creation of huge amounts of human insulin requiring little to no effort. From that point forward, present day biotechnology has made it conceivable to deliver all the more effortlessly and efficiently the human development hormone, thickening variables for hemophiliacs, fruitfulness medications, erythropoietin, and different medications.

Genomic information of the qualities required in infections, malady pathways, and sedate reaction locales are relied upon to prompt the disclosure of thousands all the more new targets.