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The cuban missile crisis the pivotal point in global nuclear warfare

The Cuban Missile Crisis was a turning point in USA and USSR relations. Assess.

The Cuban Missile Crisis: President Kennedy signing the proclamation for a naval quarantine of Cuba in October, 1962. Wikimedia Commons In October of 1962, a U. These missiles had around an 1,000 mile range and as a result, threatened the safety of citizens from Washington D.

Clearly needing to move quickly, President John F. Kennedy commissioned a naval blockade of all future armaments delivered to Cuba as shown in Fig.

The Cuban Missile Crisis: The Brink of Nuclear War

However, this action did nothing to deter Soviet behavior in Cuba with the missiles already on the island, fueling disdain from many Americans who felt a military strike was the far superior course of action. Critics also panned the blockade as a stimulant for direct conflict between the U.

Why was the Cuban Missile Crisis a turning point in Cold War Relations?

As Bobby Kennedy said, critics believed a blockade would solely, "Close the door after the horse had left the barn. Fidel Castro's communist Cuba was a bitter enemy of the United States and vise versa. S, in its efforts to deter the spread of communist throughout the world, hired Mafia members in 1960 to assassinate Castro and had begun training anti-communist Cuban exiles to attack their homeland. He hoped that the announcement of an alliance or use of Soviet military aid would stop the U.

  • S, in its efforts to deter the spread of communist throughout the world, hired Mafia members in 1960 to assassinate Castro and had begun training anti-communist Cuban exiles to attack their homeland;
  • However, this action did nothing to deter Soviet behavior in Cuba with the missiles already on the island, fueling disdain from many Americans who felt a military strike was the far superior course of action;
  • S, in its efforts to deter the spread of communist throughout the world, hired Mafia members in 1960 to assassinate Castro and had begun training anti-communist Cuban exiles to attack their homeland;
  • Kennedy commissioned a naval blockade of all future armaments delivered to Cuba as shown in Fig.

Ironically, Castro did not want the Soviets to store nuclear weapons in Cuba and it took near begging from Khrushchev to finally get Castro to agree. This "fear of escalation" affected U. It was this "risk" that Khrushchev had initiated, that gave Khrushchev power in negotiations.

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Ultimately whether or not the nuclear weapons were ever actually going to be used will never be known, but their presence served as a tool of power and advancement, one that not only led to the protection of communism in Cuba, but the secret removal of U.

An Iranian nuclear bomb could signal a devastating and long-lasting blow to U.

But, a preventative air strike today would have no impact on Iranian development of a bomb later on. The best option seems to be a Kennedy-like approach. One that combines the threat of invasion with sound peaceful negotiation that would slow down Iranian nuclear capacities. Again that will not permanently deter the future production of a bomb. The Cold War dragged on for nearly 30 years after the Cuban Missile Crisis, but nuclear war never developed.

Similarly, the best approach today may be to work to delay production of a bomb and look to improve relations to the point that use of a bomb if and when it becomes usable would not be necessary. The author grants permission to copy, distribute and display this work in unaltered form, with attribution to the author, for noncommercial purposes only.

The cuban missile crisis the pivotal point in global nuclear warfare

All other rights, including commercial rights, are reserved to the author. Norton, 1999pp. Security 10, 139 1985.