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The education of the high school students in the united states

Understanding the American Education System Updated: August 08, 2018 The American education system offers a rich field of choices for international students. There is such an array of schools, programs and locations that the choices may overwhelm students, even those from the U. Understanding the system will help you narrow your choices and develop your education plan. The Educational Structure Primary and Secondary School Prior to higher education, American students attend primary and secondary school for a combined total of 12 years.

These years are referred to as the first through twelfth grades. Around age six, U. Secondary school consists of two programs: After graduating high school 12th gradeU.

6 facts about America’s students

Academic transcripts are official copies of your academic work. Courses are commonly graded using percentages, which are converted into letter grades. The grading system and GPA in the U. The interpretation of grades has a lot of variation. For example, two students who attended different schools both submit their transcripts to the same university. They both have 3. The university might interpret their GPAs differently because the two schools have dramatically different standards. Therefore, there are some crucial things to keep in mind: You should find out the U.

Pay close attention to the admission requirements of each university and college, as well as individual degree programs, which may have different requirements than the university. Regularly meet with an educational advisor or guidance counselor to make sure you are meeting the requirements.

Your educational advisor or guidance counselor will be able to advise you on whether or not you must spend an extra year or two preparing for U. The majority of new students begin in autumn, so it is a good idea for international students to also begin their U. There is a lot of excitement at the beginning of the school year and students form many great friendships during this time, as they are all adjusting to a new phase of academic life.

Additionally, many courses are designed for students to take them in sequence, starting in autumn and continuing through the year. Still, others further divide the year into the quarter system of four terms, including an optional summer session.

Basically, if you exclude the summer session, the academic year is either comprised of two semesters or three quarter terms. Levels of Study First Level: Undergraduate "The American system is much more open.

The Education System in the USA

In Hong Kong you just learn what the teacher writes on the board. In America, you discuss the issues and focus more on ideas. Your first two years of study you will generally be required to take a wide variety of classes in different subjects, commonly known as prerequisite courses: This is so you achieve a general knowledge, a foundation, of a variety of subjects prior to focusing on a specific field of study.

Secondary education in the United States

Many students choose to study at a community college in order to complete the first two years of prerequisite courses. They will earn an Associate of Arts AA transfer degree and then transfer to a four-year university or college.

You will be required to take a certain number of courses in this field in order to meet the degree requirements of your major. You must choose your major at the beginning of your third year of school. A very unique characteristic of the American higher education system is that you can change your major multiple times if you choose. It is extremely common for American students to switch majors at some point in their undergraduate studies.

Often, students discover a different field that they excel in or enjoy.

  • Around the ninth grade, students receive counselling as they begin to plan their careers and select subjects that are useful in their chosen fields;
  • Professors issue grades for each student enrolled in the course;
  • Grades are given to students for each course at the end of each semester.

The American education system is very flexible. Keep in mind though that switching majors may result in more courses, which means more time and money. This degree is usually mandatory for higher-level positions in library science, engineering, behavioral health and education. Furthermore, international students from some countries are only permitted to study abroad at a graduate level.

You should inquire about the credentials needed to get a job in your country before you apply to a postgraduate university in the USA. A graduate program is usually a division of a university or college. To gain admission, you will need to take the GRE graduate record examination.

Elementary and Secondary Education

For example, the MBA master of business administration is an extremely popular degree program that takes about two years. It may take three years or more to earn a PhD degree.

For international students, it may take as long as five or six years. For the first two years of the program most doctoral candidates enroll in classes and seminars. At least another year is spent conducting firsthand research and writing a thesis or dissertation.

This paper must contain views, designs, or research that have not been previously published. A doctoral dissertation is a discussion and summary of the current scholarship on a given topic. Characteristics of the U. Higher Education System Classroom Environment Classes range from large lectures with several hundred students to smaller classes and seminars discussion classes with only a few students. The American university classroom atmosphere is very dynamic. You will be expected to share your opinion, argue your point, participate in class discussions and give presentations.

International students find this one of the most surprising aspects of the American education system.

  1. This degree is usually mandatory for higher-level positions in library science, engineering, behavioral health and education. Therefore, there are some crucial things to keep in mind.
  2. Many also offer ESL or intensive English language programs, which will prepare students for university-level courses. By comparison, the fall in dropout rates over the same period has been much less dramatic for blacks, whites and Asians.
  3. You must choose your major at the beginning of your third year of school.
  4. Most high school students graduate at the age of seventeen or eighteen-years-old. The ACT tests English, mathematics, reading, and science reasoning, and includes an optional writing test.
  5. Your first two years of study you will generally be required to take a wide variety of classes in different subjects, commonly known as prerequisite courses. Hispanics have accounted for much of that trend.

Each week professors usually assign textbook and other readings. You will be expected to keep up-to-date with the required readings and homework so you can participate in class discussions and understand the lectures. Certain degree programs also require students to spend time in the laboratory. Professors issue grades for each student enrolled in the course. Grades are usually based upon: Each professor will have a unique set of class participation requirements, but students are expected to participate in class discussions, especially in seminar classes.

A midterm examination is usually given during class time. One or more research or term papers, or laboratory reports must be submitted for evaluation. Possible short exams or quizzes are given. A final examination will be held after the final class meeting.

  • In some districts, students attend elementary school until 13 up to grade 8 before attending a senior high school;
  • Most courses are 3 credits;
  • Great indirect authority is, however, exercised through federal funding of national programs and block grants although there is no obligation upon any state to accept these funds.

Credits Each course is worth a certain number of credits or credit hours. This number is roughly the same as the number of hours a student spends in class for that course each week.

A course is typically worth three to five credits. A full-time program at most schools is 12 or 15 credit hours four or five courses per term and a certain number of credits must be fulfilled in order to graduate.

The American Education System

International students are expected to enroll in a full-time program during each term. Transfers If a student enrolls at a new university before finishing a degree, generally most credits earned at the first school can be used to complete a degree at the new university. This means a student can transfer to another university and still graduate within a reasonable time. State College or University A state school is supported and run by a state or local government.

  1. You must choose your major at the beginning of your third year of school.
  2. In addition, the structure and procedures at American universities differ somewhat from other systems, such as the British model. The open enrollment nature and relatively relaxed standards, such as ease of repeating a grade, also contributed to the boom in secondary schooling.
  3. Some have graduate programs, while others offer short-term courses. Additional study options can include classes in law constitutional, criminal, or international , criminal justice , sociology , and psychology.

Each of the 50 U. Private College or University These schools are privately run as opposed to being run by a branch of the government. Tuition will usually be higher than state schools. Religiously affiliated universities and colleges are private schools. Nearly all these schools welcome students of all religions and beliefs. Yet, there are a percentage of schools that prefer to admit students who hold similar religious beliefs as those in which the school was founded.

There are many types of associate degrees, but the most important distinguishing factor is whether or not the degree is transferable. Usually, there will be two primary degree tracks: University transfer degrees are generally associate of arts or associate of science. Not likely to be transferrable are the associate of applied science degrees and certificates of completion.

Understanding the American Education System

Community college graduates most commonly transfer to four-year colleges or universities to complete their degree. Many also offer ESL or intensive English language programs, which will prepare students for university-level courses. Institute of Technology An institute of technology is a school that provides at least four years of study in science and technology.

Some have graduate programs, while others offer short-term courses. I met with Angela Khoo [Academic Adviser] about the classes that I could take, and then it became a lot easier for me.