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The effects of modern transportation on the environment

Press Releases What we do We want the EU to be a global leader in reducing the environmental and health impacts of transport. We believe Europe should have the lowest levels of greenhouse gas emissions and air and noise pollution from transport; the cleanest vehicles, planes and ships; transport policies that encourage efficiency and smart behaviour, and pricing that makes polluters pay for pollution, not society as a whole.

Below is an overview of our main areas of work. Air pollution Air is essential for life but polluted air can kill. In spite of the existing legislation, air pollution remains one of the major environmental problems in Europe.

In order to protect its citizens and its environment, Europe needs strict and enforced air pollution legislation. Sector-specific legislation, such as for road vehicles cars, vans and trucksdiesel machinery construction machinery, inland water vessels and locomotives and seagoing ships, is key to achieving clean air in Europe.

The EU urgently needs to tighten and improve enforcement of its road, diesel machine and ship emissions legislation. Aviation Aviation is one of the fastest growing sources of greenhouse gas GHG emissions and the most climate-intensive form of transport.

What we do

Aviation emissions have more than doubled in the last 20 years and the sector is responsible for an estimated 4. Better trade and regulation The EU has long been a global force for cleaner transport.

5 Major Environmental Impact of Transport Development

As a first mover, its standards have not only benefited citizens but given European industry a huge advantage by setting examples in transport regulation that are often replicated by emerging markets. Biofuels In its current form the EU law promoting biofuels for transport will lead to higher, not lower greenhouse gas GHG emissions up to 2020.

Furthermore, for the period 2020-2030, the EU could still allow some unsustainable biofuels in the market, including rapeseed and palm oil biodiesel, as the Commission has only proposed a 3.

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Find out more about our position on the latest Commission proposal on biofuels, download our briefing on the most recent ILUC study Globiom and take a look at a dedicated website on the biofuels reform. Cars and CO2 Road transport is now the largest and growing source of CO2 emissions in Europe, accounting for one-fifth of all emissions.

One of the most important steps Europe can take to save drivers money, combat climate change, and create high-tech jobs is to require carmakers to produce more efficient, low and zero-emission vehicles. Cleaner, safer trucks Trucks have a major impact on global warming.

At the same time 4,000 EU citizens die in truck accidents year after year. To tackle these problems, Europe needs to introduce truck CO2 standards, mandatory sales targets for zero emission trucks and effective vehicle safety regulations without any delay.

Testing reform The way we test cars and trucks in Europe is obsolete and opaque. This is the root cause of the Dieselgate scandal in which Volkswagen was caught cheating tests for air pollutant emissions. Once approved these may be sold without restrictions throughout the EU single market. Dirty Oil As well as improving the efficiency of vehicles, the world needs to reduce the emissions that result from the production of transport fuels.

  • We work in the following sectors Transport mode;
  • Currently, there are binding targets for 2020 and 2030;
  • That means improving refinery efficiency, cleaning up the dirtiest sources like tar sands and coal-to-liquid and stopping wasteful gas flaring;
  • The energy consumption in transport sector is the main cause of pollution;
  • An average of 76,000 tonnes of aggregate is required per kilometre of road lane, and approximately 90 million tonnes of aggregates are used in the UK every year in the construction and repair of roads Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, 1994;
  • A recent report by Scottish Natural Heritage 1994 included a study, which put the annual road-kill loss of breeding amphibians in Scotland at 20-40 per cent, with an annual kill of barn owls of at least 3,000 individuals.

That means improving refinery efficiency, cleaning up the dirtiest sources like tar sands and coal-to-liquid and stopping wasteful gas flaring. This presents a very serious challenge, in particular for freight, where increasing truck traffic, modal shift from rail to road, and stagnating lorry fuel economy have dominated the last two decades. Rail Rail is one of the greener modes of transport. European railways are diverse; differences extend from language and laws to infrastructure and interoperability.

The EU, through policy and infrastructural investments, is trying to overcome these obstacles. Shipping Shipping is a growing source of transport greenhouse gas GHG emissions and is also a major source of air pollution, the effects of modern transportation on the environment health problems, acid rain and eutrophication. Like aviation, the sector's international emissions were not explicitly mentioned in the Paris agreement.

Transport climate targets The European Union has different climate targets in place, all of which apply to the transport sector. Currently, there are binding targets for 2020 and 2030. In addition, the EU was a signatory of the Paris Agreement, so it has implicitly targets for 2050, which are currently being discussed.

Vans Fuel bills represent one third of the total cost of ownership of a van, making fuel an important business cost. It is a major cause, not only of hearing loss, but also of heart disease, learning problems in children and sleep disturbance.

Yet traffic noise could easily be halved, with existing technology, if more stringent limits were adopted.

  • As a first mover, its standards have not only benefited citizens but given European industry a huge advantage by setting examples in transport regulation that are often replicated by emerging markets;
  • Air pollution Air is essential for life but polluted air can kill;
  • Rail Rail is one of the greener modes of transport;
  • Aviation Aviation is one of the fastest growing sources of greenhouse gas GHG emissions and the most climate-intensive form of transport;
  • Transport requires energy mainly for vehicle operation and to some extent also for manufacturing of the vehicle;
  • That means improving refinery efficiency, cleaning up the dirtiest sources like tar sands and coal-to-liquid and stopping wasteful gas flaring.

We continue to seek out opportunities to cut noise pollution. We work in the following sectors Transport mode.