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The effects of stress on the human body

In your brain, the hypothalamus gets the ball rolling, telling your adrenal glands to release the stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol. These hormones rev up your heartbeat and send blood rushing to the areas that need it most in an emergency, such as your muscles, heart, and other important organs.

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When the perceived fear is gone, the hypothalamus should tell all systems to go back to normal. Chronic stress is also a factor in behaviors such as overeating or not eating enough, alcohol or drug abuse, and social withdrawal.

  • Lack of Concentration Thoughts tend to rapidly jump from one to the next;
  • This can interfere with sperm production and cause erectile dysfunction or impotence;
  • The rush of hormones, rapid breathing, and increased heart rate can also upset your digestive system;
  • Chronic stress can also magnify the physical symptoms of menopause.

Respiratory and cardiovascular systems Stress hormones affect your respiratory and cardiovascular systems. During the stress response, you breathe faster in an effort to quickly distribute oxygen-rich blood to your body. If you already have a breathing problem like asthma or emphysemastress can make it even harder to breathe.

Under stress, your heart also pumps faster. But this also raises your blood pressure.

  • As mentioned before, stress instantly causes a spike in heart rate and blood pressure;
  • These behaviors can lead to disease in the long run;
  • There is also a possible link between stress and obesity.

As a result, frequent or chronic stress will make your heart work too hard for too long. When your blood pressure rises, so do your risks for having a stroke or heart attack.

Digestive system Under stress, your liver produces extra blood sugar glucose to give you a boost of energy. Chronic stress may increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

  • Chronic stress is also associated with heart disease;
  • Chronic stress may increase your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

The rush of hormones, rapid breathing, and increased heart rate can also upset your digestive system. Stress can also affect the way food moves through your body, leading to diarrhea or constipation. You might also experience nauseavomiting, or a stomachache.

Central nervous and endocrine systems

Tight muscles cause headaches, back and shoulder pain, and body aches. Over time, this can set off an unhealthy cycle as you stop exercising and turn to pain medication for relief. Sexuality and reproductive system Stress is exhausting for both the body and mind. This can interfere with sperm production and cause erectile dysfunction or impotence.

  1. Stress mainly effects short-term memory recall, but it can also impact long-term memory. Chronic stress is also associated with heart disease.
  2. Their bodies sense danger even though there is no danger present.
  3. If you already have a breathing problem like asthma or emphysema , stress can make it even harder to breathe.
  4. Chronic stress can make existing health issues worse. However, stress can also be extremely overwhelming.
  5. The prolonged elevation of heart rate and blood pressure can damage the heart and ultimately cause heart disease.

Chronic stress may also increase risk of infection for male reproductive organs like the prostate and testes. For women, stress can affect the menstrual cycle.

The Effects of Stress on the Body

It can lead to irregular, heavier, or more painful periods. Chronic stress can also magnify the physical symptoms of menopause. What are the causes of inhibited sexual desire? This stimulation can help you avoid infections and heal wounds. People under chronic stress are more susceptible to viral illnesses like the flu and the common coldas well as other infections.

Stress can also increase the time it takes you to recover from an illness or injury.

The Effects of Stress on Your Body

Medically reviewed by Timothy J.