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The problem of teen alcoholism and campus alcoholism

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Changing the Culture of Campus Drinking

Odds ratios adjusted for gender, ethnicity, frequency of drinking, and frequency of drunkenness. Depressed students drank significantly less frequently in a context of social facilitation but more in a context of emotional pain. Some of the covariates in the model were associated significantly with being depressed.

  • Binge drinking at a young age, including in college, is linked to an increased risk of developing an alcohol use disorder AUD , sometimes colloquially called alcoholism; about 20 percent of college students meet the definition of AUD;
  • Results indicated most students report having helped another student with symptoms of alcohol poisoning and show concern about the symptoms.

For instance, females were more likely than males to be classified as depressed. Moreover, 1 in 5 21. Association Between Social Context and Other Alcohol Problems Also shown at the bottom of Table 4 are the results of a third set of regression models examining the association between social context variables and 4 additional problem behaviors: Students who rode with drinking drivers, or were inclined to drink and drive themselves even to the point where they know they were intoxicatedwere significantly more likely to drink in a motor vehicle context than were individuals who did not experience these problems.

A Detriment to Students' Health and Education

Furthermore, those who reported riding with impaired drivers and drinking and driving themselves, as well as receiving an alcohol-related housing violation, were more likely to drink in a context of social facilitation.

Finally, passengers of alcohol-impaired drivers drank more often in a context of sex seeking. When examining the association between covariates and these behaviors, we observed a few significant findings; namely, males were more likely to drive after drinking, drive while intoxicated, and receive an alcohol-related student-housing violation.

Typically, they are living away from home for the first time in their lives, and they are free from direct parental supervision and control. They are also faced with the challenges of making new friends and acquaintances, establishing new living arrangements, and negotiating their way around a college campus. It is likely that their drinking patterns that were established in high school become more developed or at least more likely to be expressed in this new environment.

The social and psychological factors among college students relevant to their drinking behavior relate to these new social and emotional challenges. The most consistent contexts that distinguished problem from non-problem drinkers were social facilitation and in the context of motor vehicles. To enhance general well-being and conviviality and to facilitate social interaction with others are common motivations for drinking among college students.

It is important to keep in mind that the logistic regression analyses controlled for gender, ethnicity, and frequency of drinking and drunkenness. Thus, the discriminatory ability of the social facilitation context is not merely an artifact of consumption. Rather, it reflects important social psychological reasons pertaining to when, where, and why a student consumes alcohol.

  • The Web sites of the top 52 national universities listed in the 2002 rankings of U;
  • Second, sample estimates reported herein should not be misinterpreted to be population prevalence estimates as illicit drug users were deliberately oversampled at the start of the study, and the study sample for these analyses was restricted to current drinkers, namely, students who drank at least 5 days in the past 12 months;
  • Findings indicated that participants distinguished among different reference groups in estimating descriptive drinking norms;
  • This study examined the effectiveness of three peer-facilitated brief alcohol interventions—small group motivational interviewing, motivationally enhanced peer theater, and an interactive alcohol-education program—with students engaging in high-risk drinking who were referred for alcohol policy violations.

This may be challenging in that many college student drinkers have already learned to associate drinking with having a good time and socializing with friends at a party or in a group setting. They have to be sufficiently interesting, novel, and exciting to those types of students who are prone to being adventurous and convivial ie, extroverted, thrill-seekers.

As expected, emotionally depressed students were significantly less likely to drink in a context of social facilitation, but they were more likely to drink for relief of negative emotional symptoms. This is evidence of the construct validity of the social context scales and shows that depressed drinkers are more prone to relief drinking and slightly less prone to convivial drinking.

It is not surprising that the alcohol-dependent drinkers were more likely to be depressed than the non-problem drinkers. Drinking in a context of emotional pain as a means of coping for relief from stress, tension, and worries may be a self-medicating strategy that depressed drinkers have adopted.

College Alcohol Abuse

This strategy may not be perceived as inappropriate or ineffective as immediate negative outcomes have not yet occurred.

As these students are followed over the next 3 years, we will be able to observe the longer-term patterns of drinking and their relationship to academic success as well as physical and mental health outcomes. Drinking in a context of motor vehicle use was related to those students who drank and drove, drove while intoxicated, rode as a passenger with a drinking driver, and those who were classified as alcohol abusers or alcohol dependent. The prevalence of impaired driving among college students is of concern, 6 yet relatively little research has been conducted into the psychosocial dynamics underlying this behavior.

It may be that those students who are inclined to drink in a motor vehicle context tend to associate with others who do so as well, and this proximal norm may not be as modifiable a risk factor in that it would require working with a student to choose more appropriate peers. Drinking in a family context was unrelated to alcohol problems, but appeared to be protective for alcohol abuse.

Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs

This finding may be related to the fact that the items that constitute the scale convey a context of drinking inconsistent with alcohol abuse eg, drinking at home with their parents in a celebratory fashion or for religious holidays, birthdays, weddings, or other social events. Several research studies indicate that adolescent drinking behavior is significantly influenced in a complex fashion by drinking patterns of their parents. Prospective studies are needed to determine the longitudinal relationship between family drinking and subsequent alcohol problems that students may encounter.

The findings of this study must be tempered by several limitations. First because the study sample was recruited from a single large public university, the findings may not be generalizable to non-college-attending young adults or college students attending colleges with a the problem of teen alcoholism and campus alcoholism demographic composition, such as smaller private colleges or colleges in other regions with different levels of social acceptance of alcohol drinking.

Second, sample estimates reported herein should not be misinterpreted to be population prevalence estimates as illicit drug users were deliberately oversampled at the start of the study, and the study sample for these analyses was restricted to current drinkers, namely, students who drank at least 5 days in the past 12 months.

Third, although our response rates were quite acceptable, there is the possibility of attrition bias; where excluding the students who did not participate in the 6-month assessment might have somehow changed the observed results regarding the association between social context of drinking behavior, alcohol problems, and depression. Fourth, our analytic strategy called for comparisons of extreme groups at either end of an alcohol problem continuum and exclusion of students who were diagnostic orphans.

Post hoc analyses were conducted to determine if our decision to exclude this group would have changed the results significantly.

In short, the diagnostic orphans resembled the non-problematic drinkers more than they resembled the students who met criteria for an alcohol use disorder, and thus, the observed associations between social context variables and alcohol problems did not change when this group was combined with the non-problematic alcohol users. In a similar fashion, the results did not change significantly when the group of students with intermediate depression scores was included in a post hoc analysis that used the continuous CES-D score as a predictor variable.

Lastly, other potential covariates of alcohol problems, such as illicit drug use, perceived harmfulness, personality, family characteristics, or high school drinking patterns, were not investigated in the current set of analyses. We believe that although the present analyses highlight the important influence of social context variables, social context is certainly not deterministic of behavior, and further analyses using longitudinal modeling techniques will investigate the directionality of the observed relationships the problem of teen alcoholism and campus alcoholism carefully as well as a wide array of potential influences on young adult drinking behavior.

Moreover, future research will investigate the significance of potential interactions between social context and gender and race, which were found to be associated with depression in the current study. The social context of drinking scales showed a pattern of relationships with various alcohol problems that suggests their validity as a means of identifying unique social and psychological patterns of college student drinking.

These relationships were independent of frequency of drinking, as well as drunkenness, and reflected distinct contextual circumstances that seem to be independent of levels of alcohol intake.

Measuring the situational as well as motivational and relational aspects of drinking allows a more complete understanding of the various forces that affect students and that may shape subsequent drinking outcomes.

Future research is needed to examine these relationships prospectively to determine how they compare against other interpersonal ie, perceived norms as well as intrapersonal ie, personality traits factors in predicting future patterns of alcohol involvement, as well as to determine the extent to which the social contexts of drinking can be manipulated to reduce adverse consequences of drinking among college students. Magnitude of alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among U. Many college freshmen drink at levels far beyond the binge threshold.

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Social Context of Drinking and Alcohol Problems Among College Students

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Concerns of Binge Drinking & Alcoholism on College Campuses

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