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Understanding the importance of the homestead strike in pennsylvania

See Article History Alternative Title: Homestead riot Homestead Strike, also called Homestead riot, violent labour dispute between the Carnegie Steel Company and many of its workers that occurred on July 6, 1892, in HomesteadPennsylvania. A gun battle resulted in which a number of Pinkerton agents and strikers were killed and many were injured.

  • While this labor dispute had nothing to do with them and at no time was their safety actually at risk, how did they perceive these events as they were unfolding?
  • Understand the influence of the press as a perspective;
  • Homestead riot Homestead Strike, also called Homestead riot, violent labour dispute between the Carnegie Steel Company and many of its workers that occurred on July 6, 1892, in Homestead , Pennsylvania;
  • Write complex informational pieces.

In the 1880s and 1890s, Andrew Carnegie had built the Carnegie Steel Company into one of the largest and most-profitable steel companies in the United States. Over the course of the 1880s, several unions were broken at other mills and industrial plants around the country, but in 1892 the workers of the Homestead mill were still represented by the powerful Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers.

Although the union was made up of skilled workers and craftsmen, they were also supported by some 3,000 nonunion workers, who were overwhelmingly eastern and southern European immigrants and their sons. The contract between the union and Carnegie Steel was set to expire on July 1, 1892, and Carnegie, who was in Scotland at the time, gave his operations manager, Frick, carte blanche to break the union ahead of this deadline. The union, understandably, rejected the wage cut.

  1. Another may have been Joseph Lasdusky, then a twenty year-old bachelor who had previously been living with his family in Pittsburgh.
  2. See Article History Alternative Title.
  3. One was Abraham Skirboll , the only other property owner in the community, who came with his family from Allegheny City now the North Side of Pittsburgh just before the steel mill opened. Robert Emory Pattison for help; he responded by sending in 8,500 soldiers of the state National Guard.

In late June, Frick responded by locking the workers out and building a massive barbed-wire-topped fence around the plant. Inevitably, shots were fired, and for the next 12 hours, the Pinkertons and the workers exchanged intense fire.

Eventually, the workers accepted the surrender of the Pinkertons, who were led off their barges and to the local jail for protection. However, many Pinkertons were savagely beaten by the crowd along the way to the jail, and the barges they arrived on were burned.

HOMESTEAD STRIKE

Later that night the Pinkertons were released and sent away from the town on a train bound for Pittsburgh. At least three Pinkertons and seven workers were killed during the battle and its aftermath. The workers then took control of the steel mill, but this did not last long.

  • Morris Frankel, who was in his late 20s, lived at the rear of a boarding house on Fourth avenue with his wife, Flora, and at least one child;
  • Coyne than made a rush at Newman and he fired again;
  • The two Maxes were a clothier and a butcher;
  • Frick asked Pennsylvania Gov.

Frick asked Pennsylvania Gov. Robert Emory Pattison for help; he responded by sending in 8,500 soldiers of the state National Guard. The plant was turned over to the militiamen on July 12.

The Jews of Homestead and the 1892 Strike

By July 15 the plant was again operational but with replacement workers. Public support for the strikers, undermined by the brutal treatment of the surrendered Pinkertons, suffered more damage with an assassination attempt on Frick by Russian anarchist Alexander Berkmanwho was not connected to the union, on July 23.

  1. The Pinkertons had surrendered and were subjected to much crowd animosity as they walked to a temporary jail.
  2. Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening 1.
  3. Explain the significance of the Homestead Strike in labor history. Click the picture to enlarge.

In the meantime, waves of criminal charges were lodged against scores of union leaders and workers. Although almost all were eventually acquitted, the charges meant that the union leaders languished in jail, out of touch with their members, as the strikebreaking proceeded.

The conflict between the union workers and the strikebreakers, meanwhile, took on racial overtones in the fall of 1892. The union barred African Americans; many of the strikebreakers, therefore, were African Americans brought in from the South.

Homestead Strike

Given the alternatives they faced in the rural South, the steelworker jobs, even at the lower wages, provided them with a better life. Another riot in November 1892 pitted some 2,000 white workers against African American workers and their families, and several people were severely wounded by gunfire.

However, by November 21 the union had given up, and some workers reapplied for jobs at the mill, agreeing to 12-hour days and reduced wages.