Essays academic service


Using the cognitional process on an example

The term "cognitive strategies" in its simplest form is the use of the mind cognition to solve a problem or complete a task. Cognitive strategies provide a structure for learning when a task cannot be completed through a series of steps.

Special Connections

For example, algorithms in mathematics provide a series of steps to solve a problem. Attention to the steps results in successful completion of the problem. In contrast, reading comprehension, a complex task, is a good example of a task that does not follow a series of steps.

Further explanation is provided below. Reading comprehension is an area where cognitive strategies are important. A self-questioning strategy can help students understand what they read. Rosenshine states that the act of creating questions does not lead directly to comprehension. Instead, students search the text and combine information as they generate questions; then they comprehend what they have read.

The use of cognitive strategies can increase the efficiency with which the learner approaches a learning task. These academic tasks can include, but are not limited to, remembering and applying information from course content, constructing sentences and paragraphs, editing written work, paraphrasing, and classifying information to be learned.

Bulgren, Using the cognitional process on an example, and Schumaker 1997 highlight three important teacher activities in their model of content enhancement: Teachers evaluate the content they cover. Teachers determine the necessary approaches to learning for student success Teachers teach with routines and instructional supports that assist students as they apply appropriate techniques and strategies.

The teacher evaluates the content with various questions in mind: How important is this information to my students? Is any of this information irrelevant to the point I can minimize or exclude it? What parts of this information do I think my students will grasp quickly? What parts of this information do I think my students will need "extras" more time, more examples, peer help, more explanation, applications, etc. How should I pace the presentation?

Which evaluations are going to help me know that my students understand this information? Student characteristics such as intellectual ability, interest in the subject, and general motivation to learn are considered. The teacher selects learning approaches that complement the learner characteristics while ensuring success with the content.

A teacher who teaches cognitive strategies well will connect learner and task. Routines and instructional supports Once the best strategy or strategies have been selected, the teacher begins the work of teaching the strategy to the student s. Explicit instruction is used to impart the components or steps of the strategy. Often the strategy will include actions or routines that are repeated each time the strategy is implemented. Additional instructional supports such as guided practice, independent practice, verbal practice, and written or oral tests may also be used.

A Real-Life Example You can compare the teaching of cognitive strategies to teaching a friend to drive in your hometown. This knowledge can make your teaching more efficient, because you have two areas of expertise the content and the learner at your disposal. You will use a combination of explicit instructions turn left on Church Street and supports maps, the rule that "all avenues run North-South" to teach your friend how to navigate around town.

You may also use verbal directions as opposed to maps, depending on your friend's preferred mode of information. Just as important, you can avoid situations that could become barriers to learning and your using the cognitional process on an example. For example, if your friend tends to be anxious, you will NOT begin your instruction during rush hour!

  1. Cognitive interview - This is way of asking questions that help an eye witness remember better.
  2. Cognitive Psychology Examples Cognitive Psychology Cognitive psychology refers to the study of the mind and how we think. Judgment and decision - This is the study of decision making.
  3. Is any of this information irrelevant to the point I can minimize or exclude it? Language processing - This is the study of how language is acquired, comprehended and produced.
  4. For example, algorithms in mathematics provide a series of steps to solve a problem. These different examples of cognitive psychology are a great way to better understand this field.
  5. Everyday Examples of Cognitive Psychology Attention - Sometimes our cognitive processing systems get overloaded and we have to select information to process further.

Selected Cognitive Strategies Because they are diverse and highly relevant to tasks, the use of cognitive strategies by teachers and students can significantly impact important learning outcomes for students. This website provides examples of cognitive strategies, with descriptions and examples.

The following table presents the strategies that will be discussed. In addition, case studies will be presented to show cognitive strategies in action.