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Who was to blame for wounded knee

Surrounding their camp was a force of U. The scene was tense. Trouble had been brewing for months. The hope of the Ghost Dance The once proud Sioux found their free-roaming life destroyed, the buffalo gone, themselves confined to reservations dependent on Indian Agents for their existence.

In a desperate attempt to return to the days of their glory, many sought salvation in a new mysticism preached by a Paiute shaman called Wovoka. Emissaries from the Sioux in South Dakota traveled to Nevada to hear his words. Wovoka called himself the Messiah and prophesied that the dead would soon join the living in a world in which the Indians could live in the old way surrounded by plentiful game. A tidal wave of new soil would cover the earth, bury the whites, and restore the prairie.

  • Since March 4, 1889, about 23,000,000 acres have been separated from Indian reservations and added to the public domain for the use of those who desired to secure free homes under our beneficent laws;
  • I looked in the direction of the medicine man;
  • The captured Indians had been ordered to give up their arms, but Big Foot replied that his people had no arms;
  • Why were four big guns — the ones that shot twice, exploding in bits when the balls landed — lined up on the ridge above them?
  • It is noteworthy that those who have had the most experience with Indians have been anxious;
  • These "Ghost Shirts" they believed would protect them from the bluecoats' bullets.

To hasten the event, the Indians were to dance the Ghost Dance. Many dancers wore brightly colored shirts emblazoned with images of eagles and buffaloes. These "Ghost Shirts" they believed would protect them from the bluecoats' bullets. During the fall ofthe Ghost Dance spread through the Sioux villages of the Dakota reservations, revitalizing the Indians and bringing fear to the whites. A desperate Indian Agent at Pine Ridge wired his superiors in Washington, "Indians are dancing in the snow and are wild and crazy We need protection and we need it now.

The leaders should be arrested and confined at some military post until the matter is quieted, and this should be done now. Sitting Bull was killed in the attempt on December Chief Big Foot was next on the list. The army intercepted the band on December 28 and brought them to the edge of the Wounded Knee to camp. The next morning the chief, racked with pneumonia and dying, sat among his warriors and powwowed with the army officers.

Suddenly the sound of a shot pierced the early morning gloom. Within seconds the charged atmosphere erupted as Indian braves scurried to retrieve their discarded rifles and troopers fired volley after volley into the Sioux camp.

From the heights above, the who was to blame for wounded knee Hotchkiss guns raked the Indian teepees with grapeshot. Clouds of gun smoke filled the air as men, women and children scrambled for their lives. Many ran for a ravine next to the camp only to be cut down in a withering cross fire.

  • In a desperate attempt to return to the days of their glory, many sought salvation in a new mysticism preached by a Paiute shaman called Wovoka;
  • In a December 16 front-page warning that trouble could soon break out on the reservation, The Rapid City Daily Journal boasted it had sent three reporters to the scene:

When the smoke cleared and the shooting stopped, approximately Sioux were dead, Big Foot among them. Twenty-five soldiers lost their lives. As the remaining troopers began the grim task of removing the dead, a blizzard swept in from the North.

A few days later they returned to complete the job. Scattered fighting continued, but the massacre at Wounded Knee effectively squelched the Ghost Dance movement and ended the Indian Wars. He later recounted what he saw that Monday morning: The captured Indians had been ordered to give up their arms, but Big Foot replied that his people had no arms.

Who was to blame for wounded knee

Forsyth said to me, 'Tell Big Foot he says the Indians have no arms, yet yesterday they were well armed when they surrendered.

He is deceiving me. Tell him he need have no fear in giving up his arms, as I wish to treat him kindly. Turning to the young warriors who were squatted together, he said 'Do not fear, but let your hearts be strong. Many soldiers are about us and have many bullets, but I am assured their bullets cannot penetrate us.

  1. If the government has contracted to feed these red whelps, it ought to give them enough to eat and not starve them, although they do not deserve a better fate.
  2. On Christmas Day, the Marshall County Sentinel, published in Britton in the northeast corner of the state, cautioned readers with timely advice about the printed rumors concerning outbreaks between armed warriors and military troops. The leaders should be arrested and confined at some military post until the matter is quieted, and this should be done now.
  3. Is there any law against their carrying guns? On December 23 the paper ran verbatim on Page 1 a resolution introduced in the U.

The prairie is large, and their bullets will fly over the prairies and will not come toward us. If they do come toward us, they will float away like dust in the air. Whitside replied, 'Go direct to Colonel Forsyth and tell him about it,' which I did. Artist Frederdick Remington recreated the opening moments of the massacre based on soldiers' recollections Forsyth and I went to the circle of warriors where he told me to tell the medicine man to sit down and keep quiet, but he paid no attention to the order.

Forsyth repeated the order. Big Foot's brother-in-law answered, 'He will sit down when he gets around the circle. A cavalry sergeant exclaimed, 'There goes an Indian with a gun under his blanket!

Whitside then said to me, 'Tell the Indians it is necessary that they be searched one at a time. I heard someone on my left exclaim, 'Look out! One of the warriors shot into the soldiers, who were ordered to fire into the Indians.

Who was to blame for wounded knee

I looked in the direction of the medicine man. He or some other medicine man approached to within three or four feet of me with a long cheese knife, ground to a sharp point and raised to stab me. He stabbed me during the melee and nearly cut off my nose. I held him off until I could swing my rifle to hit him, which I did.

I shot and killed him in self-defense. Troop 'K' was drawn up between the tents of the women and children and the main body of the Indians, who had been summoned to deliver their arms. In doing so they exposed their women and children to their own fire.

Captain Wallace was killed at this time while standing in front of his troops.

  1. He stabbed me during the melee and nearly cut off my nose.
  2. A white cloth fluttered in front of the tent of Big Foot, who was suffering from pneumonia. The correspondent says the Indians [at Wounded Knee] must have been mad to have attacked the number of soldiers who were gathered about them, there being only 120 bucks.
  3. A cavalry sergeant exclaimed, 'There goes an Indian with a gun under his blanket!
  4. As he helped an old wounded woman, she told him.
  5. Miles on January 15, 1891.

A bullet, striking him in the forehead, plowed away the top of his head. That can be saved. How To Cite This Article: Hotchkiss gun The small cannon fired a 3.

Colonel James Forsyth was in command during the negotiations with Big Foot. Forsyth was later removed from command for his actions that day.

Sporadic fighting continued until January