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A biography of thomas jefferson the creator of the declaration of independence

He was the author of the Declaration of American Independence, a founding father of the United States and the country's third president.

  1. They were approved by a two-thirds vote, Delaware, Pennsylvania, and South Carolina being on the negative side, while the New York delegates, having received no instructions, were unable to vote.
  2. In 1784, Jefferson went to France where he served first as trade commissioner and then as American ambassador. Jefferson was 83 years old and John Adams 91 years.
  3. He also authorised the Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804-1806 , which explored the American west and north west. The embargo was unpopular and did not work very well.
  4. By denouncing the authority of the Crown, the signers of the declaration were committing a dangerous act of treason.
  5. Thomas was the third of ten children.

Thomas Jefferson was born in Shadwell, Virginia, on 13 April 1743 into a wealthy landowning family. He studied law and practiced until the early 1770s. He served as a magistrate and was a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses from 1769 to 1775.

  • He went back to Monticello to live out the rest of the days, during which time he designed and oversaw the construction of the University of Virginia, beginning in 1819;
  • Jefferson retired to Monticello, the house he had built in Virginia.

By 1774, he was actively involved in organising opposition to British rule, and in his pamphlet 'A Summary View of the Rights of British America' Jefferson articulated the colonial position for independence.

As a member of the second Continental Congress, he was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence.

  • The resolutions, in Lee's handwriting, and now one of the treasured papers in the Library of Congress, were;
  • In 1774, after serving in the Massachusetts House of Representatives, Adams was appointed a delegate to the newly formed Continental Congress;
  • It is even significant to note that just a year before the Declaration of Independence was unanimously approved by all of the thirteen Colonies, the Continental Congress that had appointed Washington Commander in Chief of the Army, drew upon July 6;
  • Jefferson felt that without the treaty, the United States could have secured recognition of the neutral rights for itself;
  • He was an avid reader, linguist, inventor , and student of mathematics, science, agriculture, viticulture , and architecture.

He returned to Virginia and served as governor from 1779 to 1781. In 1784, Jefferson went to France where he served first as trade commissioner and then as American ambassador.

He was in France for four years and witnessed the beginning of the French Revolution. In 1790, he became the first secretary of state, a position he held until 1793, when he resigned after a quarrel with secretary of the treasury, Alexander Hamilton.

  1. He was killed in a duel a few years after he signed the document, and Lynch was lost at sea in the Fall of 1776 while going to the West Indies for his health.
  2. The founding of the University of Virginia was his most important achievement in these final years. In 1790, he became the first secretary of state, a position he held until 1793, when he resigned after a quarrel with secretary of the treasury, Alexander Hamilton.
  3. In 1782, Jefferson's wife Martha died, leaving him with four daughters. It was the most remarkable coincidence ever recorded in American history.

Out of the diverging views of Jefferson and Hamilton were forming two separate political parties, the Democrat-Republicans and the Federalists. In 1796, Jefferson reluctantly stood as the Republican candidate for president, losing by three votes to Federalist John Adams. He served as Adams' vice president between 1797 and 1801.

In 1801, after a bitterly fought election, Jefferson became the third president of the United States, serving for two terms. He also authorised the Lewis and Clark Expedition 1804-1806which explored the American west and north west. During Jefferson's second term he attempted to maintain American neutrality in the Napoleonic wars, despite both England and France interfering with American shipping.

Jefferson responded by forbidding American ships to sail to any European ports.

  • He attempted to prevent the U;
  • The Declaration of Independence was then unanimously adopted by the twelve colonies whose delegates were instructed to vote in its favor, on July 4, which henceforth became the recognized birthday of the new nation;
  • Livingston of New York;
  • Born April 2 1743 Died July 4 1826;
  • It was through his interaction with Fauquier that Jefferson learned about the social, political, and parliamentary life of Europe which heavily influenced that in America.

This was disastrous for the American economy and the legislation was repealed shortly before Jefferson left office in 1809. Jefferson retired to Monticello, the house he had built in Virginia.

The Declaration of Independence

The founding of the University of Virginia was his most important achievement in these final years. In 1815, he sold his library to the federal government in Washington, where it became the nucleus of the Library of Congress.

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826)

Jefferson died on 4 July 1826.