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A history of the auschwitz concentration camp in poland

Between June 1941 and January 1945 about one million men, women and children perished in the three Auschwitz concentration camps — i. Auschwitz proper, Birkenau and Monowitz — and their more than forty sub-camps. At its peak the whole complex of the Auschwitz death camp was a deadly prison to some 150,000 inmates that were being either murdered outright or starved and worked to death.

Auschwitz-Birkenau Extermination Camp

Nearly 30 million people have already visited the place. Please note that exhibitions may prove traumatic and visiting the death camps isn't appropriate for kids under 14. It takes minimum an hour to see the Auschwitz proper, and another to visit the nearby Birkenau site called Auschwitz II.

They are open to visitors except January 1, December 25, and Easter Sunday from 8 a. June through August, till 6 p. Archives, library, collections, management, etc. Independent visitors may and groups should employ an authorized guide. Admission to the Auschwitz and Birkenau is free.

Unfortunately huge numbers of visitors have prompted the management to restrict access to Auschwitz proper to guided tours only between 10 a. Individual tourists may join English tours at 9: Such a tour lasts about four hours and it costs 38 zloties per person. Booking office is open from 7 a. Auschwitz proper and Birkenau are situated some three kilometers apart, a forty minutes' walk.

A free bus links the two sites from April 15th through October 31st departing every 60 minutes: Every day frequent buses and - less frequent - trains leave for Oswiecim from Krakow's centrally situated bus depot at 18 Bosacka street and the main rail station adjoining the Old Town to the northeast.

  1. Gassing all Jews on their arrival was not deemed productive to the German war effort and a gas chamber was built on site. The factory and the land it was built on fell into the hands of the Nazi Party and in April 1940 opened as a concentration camp.
  2. As to public transport, a bus that stops by the Auschwitz site seems more convenient than a train. The factory and the land it was built on fell into the hands of the Nazi Party and in April 1940 opened as a concentration camp.
  3. Gassing all Jews on their arrival was not deemed productive to the German war effort and a gas chamber was built on site.
  4. It takes minimum an hour to see the Auschwitz proper, and another to visit the nearby Birkenau site called Auschwitz II. First inmates, a group of Polish political prisoners, arrived on June 14, 1940.

As to public transport, a bus that stops by the Auschwitz site seems more convenient than a train. A number of travel agencies in Krakow offer day trips to the Auschwitz.

  1. The direct reason for the establishment of the camp was the fact that mass arrests of Poles were increasing beyond the capacity of existing "local" prisons.
  2. The moment that the last eyewitnesses and survivors pass away, we have to work together to build on that which remains. The prisoner of war camp is fully mobilised as an extermination camp under the names of Auschwitz-Birkenau and Auschwitz Monowitz.
  3. Advertisement Contact Auschwitz concentration camp brief history Auschwitz is recorded in history as a symbol of human destruction, murder and terror.
  4. June through August, till 6 p. In February 1942, the first Jewish prisoners arrive at Auschwitz and are immediately executed using the gas Zyklon B before they are even removed from the train.
  5. They are open to visitors except January 1, December 25, and Easter Sunday from 8 a.

First inmates, a group of Polish political prisoners, arrived on June 14, 1940. In 1942, notably after the construction of the nearby Birkenau Auschwitz II concentration camp, trainloads of European Jews start to come. Most of them were immediately put to death in the Birkenau gas chambers.

Polish peasants are being driven out of the area to make room for German settlers. Auschwitz II, starts near Oswiecim.