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A history of the wars in palestine

October 31, 2017 08: October 31, 2017 09: The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has its roots in the late 19th century when Jews fleeing anti-Semitism in Russia and central Europe began emigrating to Palestine. Here is a timeline: Opposition from the Palestinians first emerges at a congress in Jerusalem in 1919. In 1922, the League of Nations sets out the obligations of a British mandate in Palestine, including securing "establishment of the Jewish national home", the future Israel.

Britain crushes the great Arab revolt in Palestine of 1936-1939.

The Israel-Palestine conflict — 100 years of history

Jerusalem is put under international control. The state of Israel is finally created on May 14, 1948, provoking an eight-month war with Arab states. More than 400 Palestinian villages are razed by Israeli forces and around 760,000 Palestinian refugees flee to the West Bank, Gaza and neighbouring Arab countries.


Jewish settlement of the occupied territories starts shortly afterwards and continues in the West Bank, east Jerusalem and the Golan Heights today. Israel repels the attack. Israel invades civil war-wracked Lebanon on June 6, 1982, to attack Palestinian militants after initially sending in its forces in 1978.

Israeli-backed Lebanese militias kill hundreds in Palestinian refugee camps in Beirut. Israeli troops remain in southern Lebanon until May 2000.

Gaza: The History That Fuels the Conflict

The first intifada, or Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule, rages from 1987 to 1993. Abortive peace process In 1993, Israel and the PLO sign a declaration on principles for Palestinian autonomy after six months of secret negotiations in Oslo, launching an abortive peace process.

In September 2000, right-wing Israeli opposition leader and future prime minister Ariel Sharon visits the Al-Aqsa mosque compound in east Jerusalem, a site holy to Muslims and Jews, who refer to it as the Temple Mount, sparking the first clashes of the second intifada.

  • The last Israeli forces leave Gaza after a 38-year occupation in September 2005;
  • They contained thousands of Palestinians who fled what was now the new Jewish home, Israel;
  • Despite numerous peace efforts, the territory has been characterized by instability and warfare and continues to remain a volatile region.

Responding to a wave of suicide bombings, Israel in 2002 invades the West Bank in its largest operation there since the 1967 war. Moderate Mahmud Abbas takes over the leadership of the Palestinian Authority in January 2005, after the death of Arafat.

Guide: Why are Israel and the Palestinians fighting over Gaza?

The last Israeli forces leave Gaza after a 38-year occupation in September 2005. Palestinian factions In June 2007, Islamist movement Hamas seizes control of the Gaza Strip after ferocious fighting with its rivals in the Fatah faction led by Abbas, who remains in power in the West Bank. In 2014, Israel launches a new operation against Gaza in an attempt to stop rocket fire and to destroy tunnels from the Palestinian territory. Hamas and Fatah sign a reconciliation accord in October 2017 aimed at ending a decade of discord.

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