Essays academic service


An introduction to gods commandments as arbitrary consequently making god unworthy of worship

Now, refer back to the points illustrated in the previous paragraph.

Kant's Philosophy of Religion

God should have assumed the responsibility of taking measures to prevent these actions from somehow becoming necessary. He even remembered that men were evil by nature after the flood. Did he suddenly forget his opinion when he destroyed two entire cities of men, women, and children? Again, we should sincerely hope that this all-knowing deity would learn to take some of the blame in these situations. Like drowning, burning is not a quick and painless death.

Some of these handicapped people are a burden to others, and many die without ever demonstrating independence. Nevertheless, God takes great pride in this achievement. Most of us typically find people who relish in the misery of others to be deeply disturbed. Instead of correcting these atrociously boastful deeds, God seemingly leaves it up to us to develop ideas for combating transcendentally induced handicaps.

His yearning to make certain people handicapped is useless, evil nonsense. Instead, God instructs Moses and Aaron on exactly what steps to take so that the Pharaoh will initially become too stubborn to allow the people to leave. Worst of all, God once again feels the necessity to eradicate thousands more innocent babies, children, and animals because one man was too stubborn to free his slaves. On the escape route, Moses miraculously parts the Red Sea and crosses safely.

When the Egyptian army pursues, the waters regroup to drown the soldiers and horses Exodus 7-14. One can only assume that he took sinister pleasure in murdering Egyptian soldiers for following orders from their superior officers. Thankfully, modern scholarship tells us that these events never took place either. Recall, however, that Aaron was one of the two men to whom they owed their freedom. On the subject of fire, God later sets some of the desert wanderers ablaze for complaining about their difficulties Numbers 11: Keep in mind that they were now wandering around the desert for decades doing absolutely nothing after having been slaves in Egypt for centuries.

Later, the people become increasingly irritated over being homeless.

  1. This sin had transpired while Moses was receiving the ten commandments on the mountain. There must be some warrant that permits our assent, though one that has its basis in the needs of practical reason, since the assent is a matter of faith rather than knowledge or opinion.
  2. In a series of miscellaneous ethnic cleansings, God delivers Jerusalem to Judah and the Israelites. No addition to or subtraction from Christ's commands may be allowed in the New Testament any more than with respect to the commands given on Mount Sinai in the Old.
  3. A second important factor in the development of his philosophical approach to understanding religion was his long-standing interest in the variety of human cultures and the dynamics of human social interaction.
  4. Likewise, genuine worship must be "in truth.

In fact, circumstances are so miserable that they actually want to return to Egypt as slaves. Subsequently, Korah leads a group of 250 other upset individuals to stand up to Moses.

Needless to say, they all pay for their mutiny. The remaining council of 250 are burned alive Numbers 16: Does the punishment fit the so-called crime? Does God have any compassion for their situation? Obviously not, on both accounts. When the Israelites were upset that Moses caused those 250 people to die, God sends a plague to slay an additional 14,700 Numbers 16: To close out the Pentateuch, God exterminates a number of his people who fall down and worship the gods of Baalpeor.

A subsequent plague kills another 24,000 Numbers 25: When Jephthah returns, his daughter, an only child, makes her way outside to welcome him home. Two months later, Jephthah regretfully fulfills his promise by burning his daughter as a sacrifice to God Judges 11: Why would God allow a man to offer an innocent person as a reward unless God also intended for certain people to be mere possessions?

  • Despite his claim that we generally have sufficient self-control to not give in to our desires, it does appear that fear and despair seem now able to condition our autonomy; and when they take hold, they must be fought back with a different affective motivation, viz;
  • In consequence, Kant's critical philosophy developed, on the one hand, a more fundamental line of argument than he had previously deployed against standard rationalist accounts of God's relationship to the ordering of the world;
  • Hezekiah was wiser than both Papists and our modern evangelical churchmen, who would, no doubt, follow a more "moderate" course.

While David is King, he decides to conduct a census: As punishment for his poor decision, he is to select among seven years of famine, three months of fleeing from his enemies, and three days of pestilence.

Unable to choose from the offered catastrophes, God picks the three days of pestilence that result in the deaths of 70,000 men. David subsequently cries out to God and asks him why he wants to murder innocent people who had nothing to do with the decision to execute a census.

Driven by his lust, David orders her husband to the front lines of a battle so that the enemy will take care of his problem. God then becomes extremely angry with David for this relatively petty crime. Once the new couple has a child, God afflicts it with illness for a week before watching it die 2 Samuel 11, 12: Yet again, God exterminates an innocent baby for the actions of the father.

The Way of Worship

Saul died years ago, yet God just now decides to punish people who had nothing to do with the decisions of their former leader. Next in the line of father-son reprimands is the account of King Josiah. The passage speaks for itself. On one occasion, he has a lion kill a man because he refuses to hit someone 1 Kings 20: God sends his lions out again to kill a group of people who were new to Samaria.

The reason for this atrocity is their lack of worship, even though they were never informed of the proper worship methods 2 Kings 17: He had to have known that he would eventually murder this party, but instead of properly instructing them, God just kills them. Why would the omnibenevolent God feel the necessity to have two bears viciously maul little children for acting likeā€¦children?

Christians never have to justify such passages because, of course, they never read them! How, exactly, did God expect the Pharaoh to know she was a married woman? Was he supposed to be omniscient as well?

Later in Genesis, we learn of a man named Judah who has three sons: Er, Onan, and Shelah. For what reason God found him too evil, we could only speculate. Again, the omniscient God should have known that Onan would fail to comply. Because God should have also realized that he would have to kill the disobedient Onan, why did he order him around in the first place?

Biblical Teaching on Worship

Does he now feel the need to have an excuse before murdering an innocent person? The Ark of the Covenant was a sacred item that God demanded everyone to refrain from touching. The ancient Hebrews commonly believed that God even played the part of a genie by residing in the ark on occasion. Thus, when the Philistines steal this precious piece, God obviously becomes enraged. Unbelievably, 50,070 people eventually die at the hands of God because they simply look into the ark 1 Samuel 4-6.

Once we see the ark in transit again, the cart and oxen transporting it move over a rough spot in the path and nearly shake the prized object to the ground.

  • True faith will bring to God the offering of penitence and praise that He has appointed as He has appointed, while unbelief brings an offering of its own choosing in a perfunctory manner;
  • Yet, Kant did not abandon his commitment to the Highest Good;
  • Divisions of this sort, between two distinct aspects of the Highest Good are common in the literature;
  • As we have discussed, the First Critique's argument for the Highest Good is rooted in our need to find some motivation to act morally;
  • The sacraments are outward signs and symbols; through them, the gospel is preached through divinely-ordained "pictures" of redemption.

Out of what we could only consider pure reflex, Uzzah, who was accompanying the ark, places his hand on it to keep it steady. After delivering the Amorites into the hands of Joshua, he sends down a hailstorm in order to kill a large portion of the people who flee from battle Joshua 10: God causes the Midianites to kill one another Judges 7: He confuses the Philistines and causes them to kill one another 1 Samuel 14: He inflicts a number of people with blindness because Elisha asks him to do so 2 Kings 6: He causes a seven-year famine without specifying a reason 2 Kings 8: He plagues Azariah, a man labeled as a good King, with leprosy for the remainder of his life because he allows people to burn incense in a location displeasing to God 2 Kings 15: This is another great example of an overbearing punishment for breaking an asinine law.

Counting just the flood, Sodom and Gomorrah, the Red Sea incident, the ark gazers, the plagues, the census, and the battles in which God directly participated, I estimate that this terrible creature claims to have murdered one to two million people. By this point in our discussion, God has already joined the elite company of Hitler, Lenin, Stalin, and Zedong as the largest mass murderers in history. You might even agree that God was at his worst when he recruited others to assist with the scores of slaughters in the Old Testament.

  • Broadman, 1964 , pp;
  • In its broader scope, this commandment really forbids the use of all man-made devices in worship;
  • Hence the apostolic aspirations, "I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also" Rom;
  • From there, the nation frequently degenerated into further idolatry by worshipping false gods as well;
  • Thirdly, His own example is a strong reason, for he rested the seventh day, and, Fourthly, He blessed the Sabbath-day and hallowed it, so that he who observes it will be blessed;
  • Even so, he makes a number of points in these works that prefigure key arguments that his mature critical philosophy will later raise against the way rationalist metaphysics had traditionally treated the status and function of the concept of God.

As initially difficult as it might be to accept, God often provided his followers with orders leading to outcomes even more horrific than before. This section will discuss the specific commands given by God and the consistently tragic results that follow. Try to keep everything in perspective. Recall the setting of God dishing out a plague over the golden calf worship.

Since such a despicable act was illegal in those days, they escort him back to Moses and inquire how they should handle the incident.

As you will soon realize, God encourages the Israelites to beat their slaves and rape women captured in warfare; picking up sticks on the Sabbath, however, will anger him enough to warrant a death sentence. God advises Moses on a number of matters related to his appointed leadership. In other words, God wants no association with those who are more likely to need assistance, medical or otherwise. God also orders Moses to drive out the inhabitants of Canaan before destroying an introduction to gods commandments as arbitrary consequently making god unworthy of worship possessions Numbers 33: However, he should offer the people of distant cities a chance to become his slaves before killing them.

If they refuse, the Israelites have the duty to kill the men and take the remaining people as plunder for themselves. The Israelites faithfully obey their orders by murdering all the inhabitants so that they could acquire the land Deuteronomy 3: The Israelites also set Ai on fire and kill the 12,000 inhabitants running for their lives.

The King of Ai is taken prisoner and later hanged Joshua 8: Following the victories at Jericho and Ai, God commands Joshua to go on an unbelievable killing spree. The Israelites subsequently murder all the men, women, and children in Makkedah, Libnah, Lachish along with the King of Gezer and his armies assisting LachishEglon, Hebron, and Debir. Not a single life was spared during these invasions Joshua 10: After the battle, the Israelite army marches into all the unprotected and defenseless cities that had offered their armies in resistance and kills every living man.

In Hazor, the army kills every man, woman, and child before setting the city ablaze. One can only speculate on how many hundreds of thousands of lives God orders Joshua to take in these assuredly disputable accounts. The next day, he orders them to face Benjamin once again. This time, they suffer an additional 18,000 casualties. Phinehas, feeling a bit hesitant to lead another hopeless skirmish, asks God if he should take command in another attack against Benjamin.

  1. In addition, the author of the second letter to the Thessalonians says God will cause wicked people to disbelieve the truth about Jesus so that he can send them to Hell 2.
  2. Of course it is true that God is to be worshipped according to His Word, but it is also true that the civil magistrate should administer his office according to the Word. Even so, the entire program of worship, from the tabernacle to the temple, was directed by divine revelation.
  3. Thus, they still maintain ten in number, but the effects on their doctrine of worship is devastating. Formerly, "the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God" Heb.
  4. Hence, it is important to recognize that Kant's own understanding of faith developed over time, shifting away from Meier's treatment, to one that became more tightly connected to Kant's own practical philosophy. As such, at least within the conditional if HGi obtains, then there must be a God and an afterlife, there is a dependency relation that is not clearly different from the sort of inferences common to theoretical demonstration.
  5. Thus, the inner spirit and the outer form of worship are to be in harmony.

In the ensuing battle, the Benjamites suffer 25,100 casualties Judges 20.