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An introduction to the geography and culture of nigeria

It is, in fact, the most populous nation in Africa, and has one of the fastest growing populations in the world. Nigeria is a powerhouse economically and politically in Africa; however its large population experiences everything from extreme wealth and comfort to stark poverty and hardship. Nigeria also has a diverse landscape ranging from tropical rainforests to dry savanna lands.

Over 500 languages are spoken within its borders.

It is truly a nation of great diversity, and well worth examining more closely! The country of Nigeria, colored pink above, is found in West Africa. But what about you? Try to answer as many of the questions below as you can. If you are not sure, make your best guess. If you have access to the web, connect to: Then compare your answers with the answer key to see what you know and what you still need to learn.

  • Although Nigeria does not have very tall mountain peaks like Mount McKinley or Mount Everest, it does contain a very diverse and beautiful landscape;
  • Rainfall in the central region of Nigeria drops off significantly to about 1250-1500 mm 49-59 inches annually;
  • These are the kinds of questions answered by topography;
  • This makes communication between the different dialects possible;
  • Thus, God and the creative power in matter are undistinguishable;
  • The map found at the link below shows the annual average rainfall throughout the continental US.

Nigeria is primarily a mountainous country. Name one language spoken in Nigeria. What is the capital of Nigeria? What is one of the principle crops grown in Nigeria? Who is the president of Nigeria? For example, what are the highest and lowest points of elevation in Nigeria? Where do rivers lie in Nigeria?

These are the kinds of questions answered by topography. The map below is a topographical map of Nigeria and some other neighboring countries. The blue and green portions of the map are under sea level, while yellow and pink are above sea level. Shades of pink 500-5000 meters are higher elevation than shades of yellow under 500 meters on the map.

Notice that Nigeria has a wide range of elevations.

  1. It embodies the attitude of a people to the future of their traditional values when faced by the demands of modern technology which is an essential factor of development and progress. If we believe that God has no beginning or end, why can we not believe the same of matter?
  2. It comprises material, institutional, philosophical and creative aspects. The concept of a culture area is like the concept of geographical regions because it is based on the premise that culture reflects geographical conditions.
  3. For example, what are the highest and lowest points of elevation in Nigeria? Much of this land today is farmed or used for grazing pastures.

Near the seacoast, it is near sea level; but in the southeast of Nigeria, the highest mountain, Vogel Peak, reaches 2042 meters. Students in the United States are often not as familiar with the metric system as they are with their own units of measurements, such as feet and inches. The following information will help you convert from meters to feet, and feet to meters.

If the highest point in Nigeria is 2042 meters, how many feet is this? Now use your web browser to do a search on the Internet to answer the following questions: What is the tallest peak in the United States?

What is the tallest peak in the world? Is the tallest peak in Nigeria very tall in comparison to these others?

Although Nigeria does not have very tall mountain peaks like Mount McKinley or Mount Everest, it does contain a very diverse and beautiful landscape. Everything from rolling hills, to plateaus, to mountains, to river valleys, to flat farming land can be found in the country of Nigeria.

The first is called the Niger River, which is the third longest river on the African continent. The second river is the Benue River. Locate them on the map below before continuing with this section. Based on the information you are given in the map above, answer the following questions: What country does it end in? How many countries does it pass through in West Africa? How many countries does it pass through? Choose one of the following options and write a one paragraph response.

In what ways can a river provide basic necessities to a human being? Imagine you are a hippopotamus living in the Niger River. How are your basic necessities met in the river each day? The map below uses color to indicate how these environments change from one part of Nigeria to another.

Module Twenty Five, Activity One

The mangrove and freshwater swamps in particular are found along the coast and the Niger River Delta. A mangrove is a type of tropical evergreen that grows densely alongside shorelines. The photo below gives an example of what a shoreline with mangroves can look like.

Rainfall normally occurs here throughout the year, with no long dry season as is experienced in Northern Nigeria. Crocodiles, snakes, and hippopotami are a few of the many types of wildlife found in these wet areas.

  • Since most men do not doubt the existence of the universe some philosophers, like Berkeley, do , they have to believe in an all power or creative force or God;
  • Is the tallest peak in Nigeria very tall in comparison to these others?
  • That is, God and the universe form one mysterious package, and it is futile to try to isolate one from the other.

Tropical Rainforests Inland a bit from the waters of the mangrove and freshwater swamps lie tropical rainforests.

Among some of the trees found in these forests are mahogany, obeche, and oil palms. Unfortunately, as is happening in many parts of the world, much of this land is being cleared away for farming and logging purposes.

In Nigeria, rainforest lands have been commonly cleared and used for cacao and rubber plantations. This threatens the existence of many plants and animals in this habitat. A lot of the wildlife found formerly in these forests is now found in protected wildlife reserves.

The annual rainfall in the tropical rainforest regions is about 2000-3000 mm 79-118 inches annually — still plentiful, although a little less than what is received in some of the mangrove and freshwater swamps. Some of the mountainous regions of the southeast also receive a similar amount of annual rainfall to the tropical rainforests. Rainfall in the central region of Nigeria drops off significantly to about 1250-1500 mm 49-59 inches annually. It is no longer possible to have tropical rainforests and swamp land with this amount of rain.

Rather, the landscape in this region is often described as tropical grasslands or woodland savanna. Trees are much less dense than they are in the south, and there are different types of trees. Common in this region are baobab, tamarind, and locust bean trees.

Much of this land today is farmed or used for grazing pastures. A plateau is a flat area of land that is raised up to a higher elevation. Savanna in the North Even further north, towards the border of Niger and Chad, annual rainfall declines even more to between 750 to 500 mm 30-20 inches.

The rains come seasonally, usually from about June to September.

The rest of the year is dry—sometimes with harsh, dusty winds, called the harmattan, blowing off of the Sahara desert. The range of temperature in the north is much greater than in the south, due to a more desert-like environment. Despite slightly harsher climatic conditions, much of this land is also used for farming and grazing pastures. Smaller trees and shrubs are also common in this northern region.

The areas with the highest annual rainfall in the continental US are found in western Washington, western Oregon, and northwestern California, where the average is over 100 inches. In parts of southern California, southern Nevada, and southwestern Arizona, the average annual rainfall is below 5 inches. The map found at the link below shows the annual average rainfall throughout the continental US. Look and see what it is in the region where you or someone you know lives.

Which part of Nigeria is most comparable to the region you looked up in the US as far as total amount of annual rainfall received? Write your comparison in the box below. Nigeria has the highest population of any predominantly black nation in the world. What other countries in Africa, besides Nigeria, have a population density of above 193 people per square kilometer i.

Africa countries with a population density of above 193 people per square kilometer in some parts:

  • In this definition, culture gives order and meaning to the social, political, economic, aesthetic, religious norms, values of people, and thus distinguishes them from other people;
  • Culture is the lifestyle of a society;
  • These are the kinds of questions answered by topography;
  • What other countries in Africa, besides Nigeria, have a population density of above 193 people per square kilometer i;
  • The institutional aspect deals with the political, social, legal and economic objectives, while the philosophical aspect is concerned with ideas, beliefs and values;
  • Notice that Nigeria has a wide range of elevations.