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An introduction to the history of various hairstyles

First AEG hair dryer, 1925 Anyway, the first handheld blow dryers had some inconveniences: In addition, they were also dangerous, because of the risk of electrocution in contact with water.

But later they were evolving, becoming more powerful and safer. Actually they had a sensor which automatically interrupts the current circuit when it detects the dryer is overheated, producing now up to 2,000 watts of heat.

They developed a tubular system in which were inserted two windings into an aluminum tube. The hair was wrapped in spiral around the tube, allowing that the hair close to the root, thicker, received more hot than the thinner hair at the tips. Later, there were variations and improvements in the system, like that one of the Czech hairstylist Josef Mayer in 1924, and the Afro-American Marjorie Joyner in 1928, who patented a machine in which the hair was rolled in cylinders.

The heat began to cool as soon as applied and was controlled by a thermostat. In 1938, Arnold F. The system is based in rolling the hair on rods applying a reduction lotion of ammonium thioglycolate, which breaks the protein structure in the keratin, giving the hair more flexibility.

It shows a very short hair, bicolor tincture, and an elegant design with a typical art-deco style. Between the decades of 1930 and 1940, after the Great An introduction to the history of various hairstyles which affected the economy of the whole world in 1929, women's hairstyles became a little more natural, although there was a tendency to wear perms.

Hair was worn longer, at the neck length, and the new fashion was the platinum blond hair, like Jean Harlow. Men used short hair, usually fixed with oinments and pomades Sir Lawrence Olivier Marlene Dietrich Clark Gable After the 2nd World War 1939-1945there were important sociological changes, based in the never seen before experience of the atomic bombs blowing up on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and devastating whole cities. The existentialist philosophy appears in the scene; a tendency which shows the absurdity of an existence that could disappear in any unexpected moment, a general feeling of vulnerability and a lack of sense of the established moral values.

  1. In1994 Jennifer Aniston performed the character of Rachel in the weekly TV series "Friends" appearing with a hairstyle which later would be very popular, the "Rachel" hairstyle. After the s all these hairstyles became too popular, loosing the original power of their social and political messages, being transformed in only simple fashions, used by anybody, no matters what ideology they had.
  2. In they were also selling lipsticks, and in they were between the top cosmetic companies in the world. Joan Gelb offered his products in person to the beauty salon, and thanks to their good quality they could compete with the most important brand at that time, Roux.
  3. The system is based in rolling the hair on rods applying a reduction lotion of ammonium thioglycolate, which breaks the protein structure in the keratin, giving the hair more flexibility. A full head of hair was prized by Roman men and Julius Caesar went to great pains to hide his thinning hair.
  4. The heat began to cool as soon as applied and was controlled by a thermostat.

The existentialism is expressed in literature and, in general in every artistic manifestation. And, of course, this expression is also transferred to fashion and costumes, which always have been an expression of the social way of thinking. In France, Juliette Greco and other artists proposed a new way of dressing and hairstyle. After the 2nd World War 1939-1945there were important sociological changes, based in the never seen before experience of the atomic bombs blowing up on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and devastating whole cities.

Hairstyles were then more open and liberal: James Dean, in his movies East of Eden and Rebel without a cause 1955 set up a hairstyle copied by thousands of youths at that time. Other hairstyles were famous: Other women wore a very short hair, like Audrey Hepburn, who, on the other hand, kept her dark brown hair color and always refused to dye it. By then, the television started to gain popularity and its images became strongly influential amongst the people. But, unlike the cinema, the images of TV speakers were still conservative and polite.

Soon, the style of the common people, more informal, being the most popular, was also installed in the TV images. At the end of the 1960s another revolution in mode and costumes showed up with an amazing energy. Hairstyles and dresses became more liberal and bold. In that moment a counter cultural movement appeared: Their dresses and hairstyles became so popular, that, finally they were worn even by all of who did not share their principles.

Near 1968, an English "super-model" set up another feminine hairstyle: Twiggy, with her short hair -parted in one side and slicked back behind her ears- looking a stylized and slim figure. In 1967 the first opera-rock is presented in an off-Broadway stage: In this rock musical, hair was the main way of protest and rebellion against traditional values. Along the 1950s and the 1960s Brigitte Bardot was appearing in French movies, captivating the attention of male audiences with her long and sensual hair.

Brigitte Bardot Marsha Hunt That decade of the sixties, and especially its last years, marked an inflexion in costumes and a cultural opening, unknown in former years. In some an introduction to the history of various hairstyles, all the generalized patterns until that moment were broken and dismissed; every social sector, or every individual, decided to adapt their dresses or their hairstyles at the way they thought they should be worn, without social directions.

The Beatles changed their look, and in their last discographic works they appeared with very long hair, bangs and huge beards. The end of the 1960s was the "braking-with-the-rules" time. Prejudices were left at a side. A new generation of hairstyles scandalized the former generations.

The History Behind the Names of Various Hairstyles

For this youth, the only thing really forbidden, was to forbid. And to start to create a new society. The Jamaican music, with Bob Marley as its main figure, brought a new fashion, inspired in the look of the Rastafarian religion.

Bo Derek, in her movie "10", looked a similar hairstyle, with blond hair. In general, in that decade, men worn the hair long, with ample sideburns, in some cases beards, and women a very long hair, or very straight perms, as helmets.

Farrah Fawcett also made popular her feathered hairstyle During the decade of the 1980s, all these hairstyles were still in use, and one more was added; the "yuppie" "young urban professional" hairstyle.

They were, in general, young entrepreneurs, Wall Street staff, etc. Simultaneously, different urban groups wore their own hairstyles, and consequently, were in fashion more unseen hairstyles, like the skinhead, punk, or the gothic hairstyle.

The skinhead was a close-cropped or shaven head hairstyle, originated between the working class young people in London in the1960s as an opposite reaction against the long hair of other liberal movements. Later the movement was politicized, mainly to the far right and the neo-Nazism, and finally the hairstyle was in fashion for everybody who wanted to use it.

It was a reactionary sub-culture against the society values, with tendencies to the leftism and liberalism; they were anti-fashion, anti-capitalist, anti-racist, anti-militarist, anarchic and vegetarians. The punk tends to impress with abundant tattoos, and a dramatic use of clothes, jewels and weird hairstyles.

One of the most popular is the hair completely shaven at the nape and at either side of the head and a strip of long hair at the top of the head, like the Mohawk style. The English soccer-player David Beckham used that hairstyle for a long time. During the 1980s the skinheads, at the top of their revival, were strongly influenced by the punk hairstyle.

After the 1980s all these hairstyles became too popular, loosing the original power of their social and political messages, being an introduction to the history of various hairstyles in only simple fashions, used by anybody, no matters what ideology they had. In fact, beauty salons since several years ago already showed the tendency of being open for both sexes. One of the most popular hairstyles at that time was the grunge hairstyle, being its maximum exponent Kurt Cobain, the leader of the musical group Nirvana.

The hair was left stringy, fibrous and disordered, and needed to remain unwashed; those who preferred to wash it, had to apply pomades to look like unwashed. Another style, more for women, which was used by Kate Moss, for instance, was the heroin chic, which consisted in the hair stringy and many times punctuated with seaweeds or other unusual materials. This look was completed with a very thin body, pale skin and dark circles below the eyes, having a tendency to be an androgyny style.

In1994 Jennifer Aniston performed the character of Rachel in an introduction to the history of various hairstyles weekly TV series "Friends" appearing with a hairstyle which later would be very popular, the "Rachel" hairstyle.

Never as in the 1990s were dyes so used. At the beginning of the second millennium, and until today, the variation of styles is as wide as the freedom of using anyone of them. Today there's no more uniformed values, only subtle general trends. Actually, advertisements for hair products tend to emphasize individuality and personal choices. At this time, almost everything is allowed: The decade of 1920-30 had an unarguable super-star: He was credited with the beginning of the short hair fashion, around 1910, and he was creator of the "shingle" hairstyle in 1920.

He also introduced the idea of drawing blond streaks between dark colors. In 1930 Antoine was the most important hairstylist in the world. From his salon were generated several generations of hairstylists. An unforgettable name in the hair's history in the 20th century is Louis Alexandre Raimon 1922-2008better known as Alexandre de Paris.

Famous by his design of Liz Taylor's hair in Cleopatra, he owned a first level salon in Paris and several resorts in other French cities where the rich and the famous were to spend their vacations. He was the hair designer of the Dukes of Windsor, and he worked along 40 years with the best companies of haute-couture: They created a line of wigs and hairpieces used by the aristocracy of the epoch, and started using their own brand in hair products.

Raymond Bessone, an Englishman better known as Mr. Teasy Weasy, was one of the most famous stylists of the 50's and 60's. Also known as Raymond of Mayfair, for his salon in the elegant London neighborhood, he created the popular "bouffant" hairstyle, which was worn by many movie actresses, like Diana Dors.

  • The decade of had an unarguable super-star;
  • In this rock musical, hair was the main way of protest and rebellion against traditional values;
  • In that moment a counter cultural movement appeared:

At that time he had a TV show and was dedicated to the racehorses. His horses wore permed hair. Vidal Sassoon 1928 - 2012 born British and nationalized Israeli, was trained in Raymond Bessone's salons and in the 1960s he became a celebrity.

He created original styles of geometric haircuts, which, without any kind of hair spray, remained in shape with the natural hair. He had his own line of hair care products and nowadays his hair design schools are prestigious in all the world over. The four brothers opened their first salon in 1963, receiving several awards and administrating their own line of beauty products. Guy Mascolo died in May 2009.

  1. Schwarzkopf was later one the major companies of beauty products in the world. Louis Licari is known as one of the best experts in color in United States.
  2. Farrah Fawcett also made popular her feathered hairstyle During the decade of the 1980s, all these hairstyles were still in use, and one more was added; the "yuppie" "young urban professional" hairstyle.
  3. My 8-year-old wants a mohawk, and tries telling the lady cutting his hair that I approved it.
  4. The four brothers opened their first salon in , receiving several awards and administrating their own line of beauty products. At the end of the 1960s another revolution in mode and costumes showed up with an amazing energy.

Joshua Galvin worked in Vidal Sassoon from 1961 until 1975 and later he opened his own salon. Amongst his clients were Madonna and Princess Diana. He created a famous line of products called "Serum Solutions". The French hairstylist Charlie, who initially worked with the Carita Sisters in Paris, became famous when in 1992 she was required by Elle magazine to make a hair design for Catherine Deneuve. After years of being working with Alexandre de Paris, she opened her own salon, where they actually offer a complete "re-looking".

Louis Licari is known as one of the best experts in color in United States. In 1903, Hans Schwarzkopf 1874-1921 launched to the market the first shampoo in powder for hair washing.

Until then, people used to wash hair with regular soap in bars. Schwarzkopf was later one the major companies of beauty products in the world. In 1920 it was still a small business, but around 1950 he had 100 chemists employed in his factory. In 1966 the company expanded to United States and was selling 14 millions dollars yearly. This company started his activities in 1931 with a young American chemist and his wife, Lawrence and Joan Gelb, who chose that name regarding a line of products for hair coloring that they found in France, acquiring their rights of commercialization.