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An overview of the pressures that lead children to rebellious behavior and other issues

Social Development During the Teen Years Learn signs of problems and how to discuss important topics facing your teen. Contact Us What challenges will my teen face and how can I, as a parent, help better communicate? Adolescence is the period of developmental transition between childhood and adulthood.

It involves changes in personality, as well as in physical, intellectual and social development. During this time of change, teens are faced with many issues and decisions. The following addresses some of the key issues that can have an impact on a teen's social development. Self-esteem Self-esteem is how you feel about yourself. The development of a positive self-image and a healthy self-esteem is very important for making a successful transition from child to adult.

Here are some suggestions for helping to encourage positive self-esteem in your teen: Give your child words of encouragement each day. Remember to point out the things your child does right, not just the mistakes.

  1. Openly discussing sex with your teen also enables you to provide accurate information.
  2. Teach your child that drugs, tobacco and alcohol can harm their bodies, and that it's OK to say "no.
  3. The influence of friends also led to children wanting the latest trainers, mobile phone or MP3 player, to be like their peers. And it can cause them to injure valued relationships - pushing against those they care about and pushing them away.
  4. At any rate, those signs are good," he says. It's important to balance that out.
  5. And it can cause them to injure valued relationships - pushing against those they care about and pushing them away. In some cases, tattoo removal may cause permanent discoloration of the skin.

Be generous with praise. Give constructive criticism, and avoid criticism that takes the form of ridicule or shame. Teach your child about decision-making and make it a point to recognize when he or she has made a good decision. Help your child learn to focus on his or her strengths by pointing out all of his or her talents and abilities.

Allow your teen to make mistakes.

  • Anyone who challenges the rules is challenging the authority of the leaders;
  • Suicide is a serious problem within the teen population;
  • Each time they do so, they provide the young person a fresh choice point to cooperate with them;
  • Anyone who challenges the rules is challenging the authority of the leaders.

Overprotection or making decisions for teens can be perceived as a lack of faith in their abilities. This can make them feel less confident. When disciplining your child, replace shame and punishment with positive reinforcement for good behavior. Shame and punishment can make an adolescent feel worthless and inadequate.

Peer pressure As children grow, they begin to spend more time with their friends and less time with their parents. As a result, friends can influence a child's thinking and behavior. This is the essence of peer pressure. Peer pressure can be a positive influence—for example, when it motivates your child to do well in school, or to become involved in sports or other activities.

On the other hand, peer pressure can be a negative influence—for example, when it prompts your child to try smoking, drinking, using drugs, or to practice unsafe sex or other risky behaviors. Here are some tips to help minimize the negative influences of peer pressure and to maximize the positive: Develop a close relationship with your child, and encourage open and honest communication.

Children who have good relationships with their parents are more likely to seek a parent's advice about decisions or problems. Help your child understand what peer pressure is. The child will be better able to resist negative influences if he or she understands what's happening and why. Reinforce the values that are important to you and your family.

Nurture your teen's own abilities and self-esteem so that he or she is not as susceptible to the influences of others. Teach your child how to be assertive, and praise assertive behavior.

  • Give your child words of encouragement each day;
  • It must be met before young adulthood can truly begin;
  • Research suggests that nearly 25 percent of adolescents ages 12 to 17 have used drugs, with 16 to 18 as the peak age for drinking and drug abuse;
  • Teens can develop feelings of worthlessness and inadequacy over school performance, social interaction, sexual orientation or family life.

Give your teen breathing room. Don't expect him or her to do exactly as you say all of the time. Try to avoid telling your child what to do; instead, listen closely and you may discover more about the issues influencing your child's behavior.

Your child needs to understand that there are consequences to negative behaviors.

What causes peer pressure?

Tobacco, drugs and alcohol Drug abuse is a serious problem that can lead to serious, even fatal, consequences. Research suggests that nearly 25 percent of adolescents ages 12 to 17 have used drugs, with 16 to 18 as the peak age for drinking and drug abuse.

Brain: Under Construction

Teens whose parents regularly communicate with them about the dangers of drugs have a decreased risk of using tobacco, alcohol or other drugs. Following are some tips for addressing drugs, alcohol and tobacco use with your teen: Set a good example. If you smoke, drink heavily or use drugs, you are teaching your child that these behaviors are acceptable. Teach your child that drugs, tobacco and alcohol can harm their bodies, and that it's OK to say "no.

Know who your child's friends are, and don't allow your child to attend parties where there is no adult supervision. Encourage your child to become involved in extra-curricular activities at school, a church youth group, or other programs that provide opportunities for teens to gather and socialize in a fun and safe environment.

Social Development During the Teen Years

Teens and sex Talking with your teenager is important to help him or her develop healthy attitudes toward sex and to learn responsible sexual behavior. Openly discussing sex with your teen also enables you to provide accurate information. After all, teens will learn about sex somewhere. But what they learn might not be true, and might not reflect the personal and moral values and principles you want your children to follow.

Going Social

In addition, teens need to understand the possible consequences of being sexually active—including pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, as well as being emotionally hurt. When you talk to your teen about sex, focus on the facts. Consider using the following list of topics as an outline: Most teenage fads are harmless and eventually fade away without permanent damage. Unfortunately, some of today's most popular fads—particularly tattoos and body piercing—can be permanent and can affect your teen's health.

Here are some ideas on how to discuss these fads with your teen: Don't wait until your child reaches the teen years to talk about tattoos and piercing.

Many younger children look up to teens as role models. Explain the possible dangers of tattoos and piercings, such as infection or allergic reactions. The risk of infection increases if a tattoo or piercing is done under non-sterile conditions. Ask your teen to imagine how multiple piercings or tattoos might affect his or her future career or relationships. Explain that a tattoo may not turn out the way you want, and you can't take it back if you don't like it.

Further, tattoo removal is very expensive and can be quite painful. In some cases, tattoo removal may cause permanent discoloration of the skin.

  • Teens want to exercise their new skill -- and they tend to practice on their parents;
  • It is important for parents to equip their children with the skills needed for dealing with peer pressure;
  • Parents also blamed their son's or daughter's friends for their offspring starting to display risky behaviour such as smoking and drinking in order to look good in front of their pals, and bullying to show off;
  • A preoccupation with death and dying This often is a cry for help and usually indicates a serious case of depression.

Depression and suicide It is common for teens to occasionally feel unhappy. However, when the unhappiness lasts for more than two weeks and the teen experiences other symptoms see belowthen he or she may be suffering from depression. There are many reasons why teenagers become unhappy. High-stress environments can lead to depression. Teens can develop feelings of worthlessness and inadequacy over school performance, social interaction, sexual orientation or family life.

If friends, family or things that the teen usually enjoys don't help to improve his or her sadness or sense of isolation, there's a good chance that he or she is depressed. Often, depressed teens will display a striking change in their thinking and behavior, lose their motivation or become withdrawn.

The following are the major signs of depression in adolescents: Sadness, anxiety or a feeling of hopelessness Loss of interest in food or compulsive overeating that results in rapid weight loss or gain Staying awake at night and sleeping during the day Withdrawal from friends Rebellious behavior, a sudden drop in grades or skipping school Complaints of pain including headachesstomachacheslow back pain or fatigue Use of alcohol or drugs and promiscuous sexual activity These are common ways teens cope with depression.

A preoccupation with death and dying This often is a cry for help and usually indicates a serious case of depression.

Teenage rebellion starts at 10

Depression is a serious problem, but it also is treatable. If you suspect your teen is depressed, tell your child's health care professional and seek help right away. Suicide is a serious problem within the teen population.

Adolescent suicide is the second leading cause of death among youth and young adults in the United States. It is estimated that 500,000 teens attempt suicide every year, with 5,000 succeeding. Warning signs of suicide include: Threatening to kill oneself Preparing for death, giving away favorite possessions, writing goodbye letters or making a will Expressing a hopelessness for the future Giving up on oneself, talking as if no one else cares If your teenager displays any of these behaviors, you should seek help from a mental health professional immediately.

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