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Atomic energy good and bad explains pros and cons atomic e

What is Nuclear Energy?

Shop What is Nuclear Energy? Energy cannot be created nor be destroyed but it can be converted from one form to another. The nucleus is composed principally of two sorts of particles: Lately, debates have raged over nuclear energy, which begs the question: Read on to find the answers to this question.

This means it does not need pumping out of the ground and does not contribute to dangerous emissions.

  1. However, their conversion to plutonium can relatively elongate their availability. It is one of the significant sources of power all through the country.
  2. Cons of Nuclear Energy 1. A nuclear power plant when in the mode of producing energy can run uninterrupted for even a year.
  3. Also, reprocessing of nuclear waste is not happening as it should.
  4. The normal life of nuclear reactor is anywhere from 40-60 years, depending on how often it is used and how it is being used. It requires permission from several international authorities and it is normally opposed by the people who live in that region.

Nuclear energy is produced using two main processes; fission and fusion. Nuclear fission is able to generate well over 10 million times the energy which is produced by the combustion of fossil fuels. On the flip side, nuclear fusion which involves joining nuclei is able to produce vast amounts of nuclear energy, but safe control mechanisms have not been developed yet. Fusion occurs naturally up in the sun and the stars as well as in nuclear reactors built by humans.

Various Advantages of Nuclear Energy While using fossil fuels to generate electricity may carry no threat of a large disaster, they are not good for the environment since they emit unlimited amounts of greenhouse gasses.

Nuclear energy is completely safe for the environment if managed properly.

Here is a rundown on the main advantages of nuclear energy: The periods between refueling have been substantially extended, plus downtime for refueling has been significantly minimized. In the United States, for example, these enhancements through the years have been equated to building one reactor each year to the existing ones.

  • Then, they've to be dismantled, so that main countries producing nuclear energy could maintain a regular number of operating reactors;
  • The other primary point of interest of utilizing nuclear energy is that it is more compelling and more proficient than other energy sources;
  • As solar and wind energy are dependent upon weather conditions, nuclear power plant has no such constraints and can run without disruption in any climatic condition;
  • Most nuclear reactors are designed to operate for more than 40 years.

Most nuclear reactors are designed to operate for more than 40 years. Most of the reactors are nearing that age in perfect condition and projections are that they could still operate for another 20 years.

No greenhouse gas emissions Nuclear reactor operations emit zero greenhouse gasses. Although the process of mining, enrichment, construction and waste management of uranium involves emission of greenhouse gasses, the total emissions are way lower compared to emissions from fossil fuels.

Competitive cost The cost of nuclear power is very much stable and competitive. On the other hand, the cost of power derived from fossil fuels pretty much depends on the market. When the market is good, oil prices become stable.

When the market is volatile, oil prices may shoot up or plummet. Nuclear energy is compact A nuclear power station is compact, which means it quintessentially covers an area the size of a football stadium and the surroundings. Wind turbines, solar cells, and growing biomass all need huge area of land. The modern day nuclear power plants are safe Developers of the current nuclear power plants have drawn from the weaknesses of the past disasters like the Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Japan.

The current nuclear power plants do not depend on external electricity supplies or external water supplies for purposes of cooling. Instead, they utilize water fed by gravity, gas pressurized water tanks, and natural convection heat exchangers. To start with, the cost of uranium, the raw material for the production of nuclear energy, is not expensive. When the plant is up and running, the maintenance cost will hardly be felt. Even if market shifts occur and the cost of uranium shoots up, the effect on the cost of power will hardly be felt.

Powerful and Efficient The other main advantage of using nuclear energy is that it is very powerful and efficient than other alternative energy sources.

Advancement in technologies has made it more viable option than others. This is one the reason that many countries are putting huge investments in nuclear power. Is Nuclear Energy Renewable? The definition of renewable energy involves unlimited availability of the resource, the capability to replenish itself and the characteristic to cause minimum impact on the environment.

The question of whether nuclear energy is renewable still elicits debates to this day despite the fact that it is a low-carbon power generation source. The 5 substantiated renewable sources of energy used on a daily basis include solar, wind, hydro, geothermal and biomass. However, the largest point of view stipulates that nuclear energy is not really renewable. This hinges on a wide range of facts such as: The chief raw material for the production of nuclear energy uranium is not a renewable resource.

Uranium resources are quite limited, and the mining and refining process mightily impacts the environment. Also, transportation of uranium is risky. Safe transportation involves significant capital outlay and a lot of energy consumption. After processing uranium, significant amounts of radioactive waste are generated.

The resultant elements have extensive storage requirements and are known to stay radioactive and hazardous for thousands of years. To add insults to the injury, nuclear storage sites atomic energy good and bad explains pros and cons atomic e become prime targets for terrorists who are hellbent on killing more people simultaneously.

However, their conversion to plutonium can relatively elongate their availability. Light water reactors make use of use uranium-235, which attributes to 0. On the other hand, IFRs or fast breeder reactors utilize uranium-238, which attributes to 99. Fast-breeder kinds of nuclear reactors are able to generate huge atomic energy good and bad explains pros and cons atomic e of fissionable plutonium capable of sustaining nuclear reactions way longer than traditional fuels.

This process of plutonium production could give nuclear energy the renewable status. Another advantage to plutonium production is that the waste left behind is a lot less hazardous.

The waste will stop being radioactive after a few hundred years. This process enormously minimizes the amount and toxicity of radioactive waste, making room for separate handling storage or destruction of the waste. Reprocessing of radioactive waste has since turned political with anti-technology lobby groups striving to end the proliferation of anything related to nuclear by dwelling on the extraordinary costs of reprocessing and the threat of terrorism. Uranium, the chief raw material for nuclear energy production, is still a limited fuel resource in fact, it occurs only in specific countries and the reactors have the possibility of one day becoming unstable and dangerous.

Also, reprocessing of nuclear waste is not happening as it should. Nevertheless, if adjustments to the reactors under development and safe processing of radioactive waste would happen, nuclear energy could well be on its way to becoming a renewable energy.