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Epilepsy epilepsy does one get epilepsy different types ep

These electrical disruptions can cause a range of symptoms. Some people stare off into space, some make jerky movements, while others lose consciousness. Genes, brain conditions like tumors or strokes, and head injuries may be involved in some cases. Because epilepsy is a brain disorder, it can affect many different systems throughout the body.

  1. An interruption in these impulses leads to seizures.
  2. Very rarely, you may have some numbness in part of your body for a while called Todd's paralysis. This will usually be a neurologist a doctor who specialises in conditions of the brain and nervous system , or a geriatrician or 'care of the elderly physician' - a doctor who specialises in the medical care of older people.
  3. Epilepsy or something else? Stay calm and reassure the person they are safe.

The disease disrupts the activity of brain cells called neurons, which normally transmit messages in the form of electrical impulses. An interruption in these impulses leads to seizures.

There are many different kinds of epilepsy, and different types of seizures. Some seizures are harmless and barely noticeable.

  • For unknown onset seizures Motor seizures are described as either tonic-clonic or epileptic spasms;
  • These seizures are also called partial seizures;
  • The experience of epilepsy is different for everyone, and it may affect your life in various different ways, or not at all.

Others can be life-threatening. Because epilepsy disrupts brain activity, its effects can trickle down to affect just about every part of the body.

The Effects of Epilepsy on the Body

This is called an arrhythmia. An irregular heartbeat can be very serious, and potentially life threatening. Experts believe some cases of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy SUDEP are caused by a disruption in heart rhythm.

Problems with blood vessels in the brain can cause epilepsy. The brain needs oxygen-rich blood to function properly. Reproductive system Although most people with epilepsy are able to have children, the condition causes hormonal changes that can interfere with reproduction in both men and women. The condition can also have an effect on pregnancy.

Respiratory system The autonomic nervous system regulates body functions like breathing. Seizures can disrupt this system, causing breathing to temporarily stop.

diagnosis and causes of epilepsy in later life

Disruptions in electrical activity in the central nervous system set off seizures. Epilepsy can affect nervous system functions that are voluntary under your control and involuntary not under your control.

Seizures can cause autonomic nervous system symptoms like these: During some types of seizures, muscles can either become floppy or tighter than usual. Tonic seizures cause the muscles to involuntarily tighten, jerk, and twitch. Atonic seizures cause a sudden loss of muscle tone, and floppiness.

Bone loss can lead to osteoporosis and an increased risk for fractures — especially if you fall while having a seizure. Digestive system Seizures can affect the movement of food through the digestive system, causing symptoms such as: