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The characteristics of the beijing opera a chinese national treasure

Opera Chinese opera is regarded as one of the most precious heritages of the Chinese traditional culture. The Chinese opera began to be enjoyed from the early period of the Three Kingdoms. When listening to the Chinese opera, one can enjoy art forms such as folk songs, dances, talking, antimasque, and especially dialectical music at the same time. It is a good combination of music, art and literature.

Accompanied by traditional musical instruments like the Erhu, the gong, and the lute, actors present their unique melodies. Even the dialogues are beautifully written and of high literary value.

The characteristics of the beijing opera a chinese national treasure

These dialogs also promoted the development of distinct literary styles, such as Zaju in the Yuan Dynasty. For Chinese people the older generation in particular, the opera is a real pleasure. A general introduction to Beijing Opera When people hear about the Chinese opera, they immediately think of the Beijing Opera. This traditional Chinese opera is a national treasure and combines music, vocal performance, mime, dance and acrobatics. It has a long history of 200 years.

In 1790, in order to perform for the birthday of the Emperor Qianlong, many theatre companies from all over China arrived inBeijng. Four Anhui theater companies brought their fresh styles of music and theatre to the capital. They combined their opera with those from Hebei, Wuhan and Shanxi. Facial Painting There are various figures in the Beijing Opera, all with different characteristics and images.

In order to show the differences, performers must put colourful dressing on their faces. By using transformative and exaggerated figures, professional spectators can easily tell the characteristic of a role. Usually, eyes, foreheads and cheeks are painted like wings of butterflies, swallows and bats. Sheng the male rolesDan the female rolesJing the painted face rolesand Chou clowns.

An actor is typically only trained for one type of role within one category.

He or she almost never plays roles outside his or her category. Actors who are able to play multiple types of roles within a single category are considered especially talented. Sheng It is the main male role in Beijing Opera. There are three main roles in this category: Laosheng, Xiaosheng and Wusheng. Laosheng refers to the middle-aged or old man. They often wear beard and sensible costumes to show their dignity.

Actors who play this role are usually high level scholars or officials. The young artists usually play the role of Xiaosheng. Wusheng portrays the most exciting elements of Chinese Opera. A well-known example of Wusheng role is the Monkey King, featured in a number of operas based on the famous story A Journey to the West.

  • A British male engineer and a fan of Beijing Opera played a female role in a recent show;
  • Its less constrained singing of Sichuan Opera makes it different from other Chinese Operas.

Dan The Dan refers to any female role in Beijing opera. Because of the different characters, status, and ages, the role of Dan is divided into Laodan, Wudan, Daomadan, Qingyi and Huadan. They sing in their natural voice which is much lower than other roles of Dan.

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Wudan refers to martialistic women and is equivalent to the Wusheng role for the men. Young female warriors are Daomadan. This character typically wears full armour and great peacock feathers in her hat. Qingyi actress is the virtuous and elite noblewoman. These faithful, proper, shy and graceful women are regarded as the model or ideal of the Chinese woman. The social status of Huadan is lower than any other female roles. They are vivacious and often unmarried. This role represents a feistier, flirtatious young woman.

  • Famous Beijing Opera Artists In the long history of Beijing Opera, there are so many masters who play the opera very well;
  • Kunqu IKunqu belongs to one of the oldest Chinese Operas;
  • Should men continue to dress in women's costumes on stage?
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Jing Jing is a painted male role in Beijng Opera. It is the most recognizable part of Chinese Opera. Jing Actors always play the role of high-ranking army generals or bandits, warriors or officials. Their elaborately painted faces indicate the forceful personality and temperament of the character.

For this reason the Jing have a strong voice and must be able to exaggerate their gestures. During this part of the Beijing Opera, a white face means treachery, black means honesty, red indicates courage and virtue, and blue denotes cruelty or wild temperament. A mix of multiple colours indicates a more complicated personality.

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The characters of Baozheng and Caocao are typical representatives of Jing. Chou Chou has the same meaning as clown and can be either male or female. Male clowns all wear a white patch of make-up around the nose and eyes, while female clowns usually have a reddened face with black eyebrows. The role of Chou is divided into two categories: Wen Chou and Wu Chou. These mean the roles are of merchants or minor militant roles respectively.

They perform with comic acting, acrobatics, and a strong voice. Famous Beijing Opera Artists In the long history of Beijing Opera, there are so many masters who play the opera very well. Mei Lanfang was born into a family of Kunqu performers. He first performed when he was just 10 years old.

  • Do you know how to sing have you ever been in a musical one chinese art form combines singing, acting, and martial arts in this lesson, explore;
  • His most famous characters are the Qingyi roles;
  • Wusheng portrays the most exciting elements of Chinese Opera;
  • This role of cultural centre was continued during the qing dynasty, although the century of political and social upheaval that began in the mid-19th century led to an overall cultural decline in both beijing and the whole of china in the late 1940s the nationalists shipped a huge quantity of art treasures to taiwan before their;
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His most famous characters are the Qingyi roles. His skilful portrayal of women won him an international acclaim. Mei also worked hard to create new performance skills.

One of his most important contributions to Beijing Opera was the creation of Dan, the Huashan. This role type combines the status of the Qingyi with the sensuality of the Huadan Shang Xiaoyun was famous for his dance and acrobatic skills as well as his singing.

Cheng Yanqiu was the creator of several original productions of the Beiing Opera. Xun Huisheng is best known for his effective portrayal of Huadan roles. Are there any other forms of Chinese Opera? Chinese Opera includes many different regional styles. Kunqu IKunqu belongs to one of the oldest Chinese Operas. It dominated Chinese opera between 16th and the 18th centuries.

Today, Kunqu is performed professionally in following Chinese cities: Sichuan Opera The province Sichuan is the birth place of this art form. The Sichuan Opera began during the early period of the Three Kingdoms.

Its less constrained singing of Sichuan Opera makes it different from other Chinese Operas. It is more like a play and the acting is highly polished.

Sichuan Opera is well known for the performance of face-changing, sword-hiding, and fire-spitting Cantonese Opera This traditional Chinese art form is quite popular among people from Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong KongMacau, Singapore and Malaysia. The performance of Cantonese Opera involves music, singing, martial arts, acrobatics, and acting. The most plots of the Cantonese Opera plays are based on Chinese history and famous Chinese classics and legends.

It effectively gives the audience an insight into the culture and philosophies of the Chinese people in the play: