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A discussion of the importance and features of socialization

Every day society is invaded by hundreds of thousands of savages, in America alone, we are confronted with close to 10,000 of these "savages" everyday. Who are these people? Alimentary canal with a lot of noise at one end and utter irresponsibility at the other Bierstedt.

  1. The id is the organ of untamed passions and represents instinctive desires. Dan Akroyd is the rich, Harvard-educated, successful young business man stock analyst.
  2. From about age 7 to age 11, children learn to mentally perform certain tasks that they formerly did by hand. I prepared a colossal picture of my royal personage, and inscribed my might and sublimity on it.
  3. The ego is the overseer of the personality, a sort of traffic light between the personality and the outside world. It is a process by which the infant learns language and cognitive skills, internalises norms and values.

The dilemma that all societies face is how to turn these savages into, considerate, independent, moral human beings. How does society accomplish this formidable task?

  1. Then he reacts himself to this judgment as he imagines it.
  2. Another serious drawback of earlier approaches is that they disregard the process component of socialization. Once he has acquired the attitude of others as part of himself, he can judge how another person will respond or how he himself responds to the words he utters.
  3. The following passage from the annals of Assurbanipal 885-860 B.
  4. Socialisation is, thus, a process of cultural learning whereby a new person acquires necessary skills and education to play a regular part in a social system.
  5. The external differentiation of individuals leads to the formation of new groups.

Not always successfully, of course -- through the process we call socialization. Another word for learn is, "internalize. This stems from Durkheim and his Rules of Sociological Method, where he defined social facts as real entities to be studied. The text book stresses that the process of socialization occurs through interaction p.

Effects of violence on TV on behavior of children? Primary-- during the early years of life. The teaching of language and other cognitive skills. Anticipatory-- learning which is directed toward one's future roles. Developmental Socialization-- new learning is added to and blended with old in a relatively smooth and continuous process of development. Reverse Socialization-- the younger generation transfers knowledge to the older generation. This occurs mostly in industrial societies where the pace of technological change is very rapid, a good example is children teaching their parents how to use computers.

Here are some other examples: The military is a good example. Some Key Features of Socialization: Socialization differs markedly from society to society with regard to what people become because the values and norms are quite different. Urie Bronfenbrenner; Two Worlds of Childhood. Describes some of the child-rearing practices in the former Soviet Union. Everything was oriented towards the group and cooperation. In the United States individual competition is evident and children are praised for their efforts in the classroom.

In some cases, the class roll is posted and children are given stars for attendance, mastering multiplication tables, etc. Bronfenbrenner describes a different situation in soviet classrooms.

Children are grouped according to rows and each row is called a "link. Slackers are publicly confronted by groups of students. This illustrates how in the former USSR emphasis was placed upon the group and group conformity which contrasts with the United States where we stress individual excellence and independence. Socialization differs also by subculture-- for example the rich vs the poor-- whether you learn to ride polo ponies or bowl; sail a yacht, paddle a canoe through white water rapids, or troll for bass in your 18' motor boat with the a discussion of the importance and features of socialization HP Evenrude outboard.

Socialization can also differ by region-- whether you call it the "War of the Great Rebellion," or "The War for Southern Independence against Northern Aggression," for example. Socialization is an on-going, life-long process-- It never stops. But most research indicates that socialization that takes place during infancy and childhood is most important.

Socialization is a critical process-- It enables society to reproduce itself socially as well as biologically. It is what enables the United States, for example, to be passed down from generation to generation. If we didn't succeed in socializing our children into accepting our values, beliefs, norms, institutions, customs, roles, etc.

In many respects, the most important thing we will do in our lifetime will be to socialize our children.

Socialization is the process a discussion of the importance and features of socialization which we develop our own individual personalities: Our cognitive beliefs, perceptions, intellectual concepts of how the world is put together. Einstein-- the theory of relativity came out of the social environment in which he was educated. The British, from the Newtonian School focused on absolutes; The concept of relativity in philosophy and the sociology of knowledge was "foreign" to them.

Einstein, on the other hand spent several years at the Vienna where the question of relativity in philosophy was a heated topic of discussion. It was logical for him to apply it to physics when attempting to explain deviances which Newtonian physics could not account for. Our emotional character, of showing love, hate, excitement, pride, etc. Kissing or rubbing noses? Our behavioral skills and aptitudes are acquired through socialization.

The Importance of Socialization in Society

Hunting with a bow and arrow or designing rocket motors. Don't confuse this with the question of free will, both views can be be determinist.

Socialisation: The Meaning, Features, Types, Stages and Importance

We can be locked into a behavior pattern just as effectively through socialization as we can be through genetic make-up. What influences who or what we become? We've already said something about this when we discussed culture. Biology sets some limitations, obviously. Men can't have babies. Short people won't do as well on the basket ball court as tall ones.

Shorter people may tend to run faster on long distance runs, etc. Culture and the social structure of society, on the other hand, sets up the general rules and positions to be filled.

Basically they set forth the opportunities. They make it important to be tall, short, etc. This question is critical because of the socio-political outcomes it will produce. The stance that society takes regarding this question determines the degree of freedom allowed its citizens.

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Society may try to rectify this through drastic measures such as extermination or forced sterilization, or it may simply restrict opportunity by closing out education and certain jobs to those believed to be inferior. Head start, affirmative action, and similar pro grams are, according to this view a waste of money that could be better spent elsewhere.

The political implications of environment are very different. Here the argument is that genetic ability is of secondary importance. People "fail" because of the way the system is set up.

Ghetto kids, for example, come into contact with bad influences, and their parents can't help them. Their trapped -- inadequate schools, poor home environment. This theme has been popular in books and film for many years: The Englishmen have a wager between them over whether or not they can turn an unpolished lower class girl into a society person.

Dan Akroyd is the rich, Harvard-educated, successful young business man stock analyst. Eddie Murphy is the street bum, derelict, begging for money.

A wager is made by two rich brothers for whom Akroyd works. Is it nature or is it Nurture? Will the right environment turn a street bum into a corporate prince? In the movie we are lead to believe that it will.

Introduction to Sociology/Socialization

Watson 1878-1958 called the father of American Psychology for his role in the development of behaviorism once boasted: This is a simplistic view!

We can't train anybody to be a pro baseball player, quarterback; nor can most people become doctors, nuclear physicists, or fashion models. Nature, as we have said, sets limits on what we can become, while nurture society determines what potentials we can tap-- society puts certain values on certain skills. We are a product of the complex interaction between nature and nurture. Here are some examples: Rosenthal and Jackobsen 1968 did an experiment in which they tested all the students in an elementary school for I.

They then randomly selected a group of elementary school students and told their teachers that these pupils were "late bloomers," and would spurt ahead in the upcoming school year. This was a concocted story. No tests were given that even remotely indi cated this. One year later they tested all the students again and, miraculously, these students all did much better on the I. These students showed marked improvement over the other students because of the teachers' expectations.

They expected more out of the "special" group of students and gave them more attention. The patterns of interaction were different. The teachers expected more out of these children and got it. The Pygmaleon effect has some frightening implications for the way children are educated. It's not purely an objective system. Measuring the Influence of Biology vs Environment: Genetically the same, but reared in separate environments. Sociobiologists point to the many similarities among such twins.

A recent study of identical twins revealed some fascinating similarities-- when two brothers who were separated at birth were married; to whom they were married; hobbies; etc.

But they also reveilled some interesting dissimilarities, too. So the question is still unsettled. Culture and the social environment did produce some significant differences.