Essays academic service


A fight over slavery the battle of gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg This timeline is series of events that happened over the 3 day battle of this civil war, called the Battle of Gettysburg. The Battle of Gettysburg was a battle between the Union and Confederate forces. This battle is important because it is often believed to be the turning point of the Civil War. By the 1850s, it was apparent that things were tense and that conflict was likely. An event that served as a catalyst to this process was the election of Abraham Lincoln as President of the United States in November of 1860.

Before he took office in February, 1861, seven southern states had already seceded from the Union. Tensions rose and eventually someone touched a flame to the tinderbox. Whether this war was fought over slavery is a point that has been long argued.

President Lincoln himself argued that his goal was to preserve the Union. If abolition of slavery was needed to preserve it, then he would move to abolish it.

But if preservation of slavery in the South could re-unite the Union, then he would follow that course of action. Its intention was to disrupt the Confederacy and it was successful in this goal.

Encouraged by this success, Lee decided to take another stab at the North, and began moving north though Virginia, across Maryland and on into Pennsylvania. By June 29th, Confederate forces were nearing Harrisburg, the state capitol of Pennsylvania. All along, the Southern army had been trailed by Union forces that had also been in Virginia at the time.

In essence, the Confederate army set the pace and direction, and the Union army followed, typically several days behind. As the Northern forces approached the Gettysburg area from the south, the Confederate Army turned back from their position at Harrisburg to confront their opponents at Gettysburg.

All along the South had been in charge. They would lead and the North would follow. Such a pattern could certainly be the basis of a guess that the advantage on the field of battle would go to the Confederacy. General Hooker had offered his resignation and it was accepted by the President and by General-in-Chief Henry Halleck. This was not the first time in the then two-year-old conflict that a change in command had been made.

In contrast, the Confederacy remained constant in its devotion to and trust in General Robert E. Lee as its commander for the War Between the States. As a newly appointed commanding general, Meade found himself in the uncomfortable position of playing catch-up. He also embarked on the field of battle perhaps somewhat insecure in the duration of his tenure.

He was the replacement for General Hooker, so why could not some other military man be his replacement sometime in the future. Neither of these circumstances could have been a plus in allowing General Meade to wage the Battle of Gettysburg without distraction.

The first shot is fired a fight over slavery the battle of gettysburg a Union officer against advancing CSA forces.

  • He ordered a countercharge;
  • Before he took office in February, 1861, seven southern states had already seceded from the Union;
  • As one of a dwindling group of senior officers of the Army of Northern Virginia who could speak of those bygone days from personal experience, he held his elderly audience in the palm of his hand;
  • Arriving after dark, they formed up and charged into the Rebels who were fighting with artillerymen around the Union guns;
  • They had fought gallantly, but their commander had erred;
  • The day ends with Union troops reforming their defensive lines.

At this early stage, the Union forces are significantly outnumbered. Within two hours, the Confederate forces mobilize to advance further against dismounted Union cavalry. Union General Reynolds moves his troops into position a bit later to support the Union cavalry unit from the more than 13,000 advancing Confederate soldiers. At this early point, it seems possible that the Confederate States could win this crucial battle and continue their march into the North.

  1. On June 28, a military engineer, Maj. In essence, the Confederate army set the pace and direction, and the Union army followed, typically several days behind.
  2. Lee launched an attack of 12,000 troops across a mile of open ground.
  3. It is interesting to speculate as to what might have happened if the pivotal Battle of Gettysburg had led to a decisive victory for either of the combatants.
  4. Tensions rose and eventually someone touched a flame to the tinderbox. Interestingly, however, this attack does not start until twelve hours later, around 4.
  5. The Army of the Potomac did not pursue, for which Meade would be soundly criticized.

Within 15 minutes, they have been pushed back into the town of Gettysburg. The brigade is soundly defeated and need to retreat back to Cemetery Hill, with more than half of the soldiers not making it back.

  • As a newly appointed commanding general, Meade found himself in the uncomfortable position of playing catch-up;
  • There was to be no great conflict-ending victory for the North here, and the Union and Confederate forces took up positions facing each other across the Rappahonnock River in Virginia;
  • Homes and public buildings became hospitals, and diseases born of infection and unsanitary conditions made living in the town risky;
  • The campaign began under a dark shadow;
  • The long day of bloodshed finally ended;
  • This cost valuable time but, as events turned out, a Union general was about to present them an unexpected opportunity.

The day ends with Union troops reforming their defensive lines. General Ewell of the Confederacy considered attacking their weak positions but decided not to do so. It is unclear if such an attack could have been successful, but the day ends in favor of the Confederacy. While it could not be argued definitively that the Union was winning at this point, it equally could not suggested that the advantage which the South seemed to have 24 hours earlier had been maintained.

Based on favorable reassurances from his subordinates, he decides to stay and fight on. Who knows what might have happened had he decided to give up at that point and allow the South a strategically important victory, followed by proceeding further north into the heart of the Union.

  • On January 20, 1896, the members of the A;
  • Read the full article here;
  • Although more assertive pursuit of the retreating Confederate Army by General Meade might have put the war to an end in July, that did not happen;
  • If Meade had pursued in earnest, then perhaps he could have caught up with Lee and his men before they crossed the Potomac into their home territory of Virginia.

Several hours later at dawnConfederate General Longstreet sets up a plan to begin the attack against the Union forces once again, with the goal of breaking their line.

Interestingly, however, this attack does not start until twelve hours later, around 4: Lee launched an attack of 12,000 troops across a mile of open ground. Before doing so, artillery barrage was aimed at the Union forces in order to loosen up their defenses. At first this seemed to be successful, but then Union long-distance artillery had a devastating effect, slowing and thinning out the Confederate advance.

The CSA army retreated and was met by General Lee, who sorrowfully admitted to them that the fault was entirely his.

Gettysburg Facts

They had fought gallantly, but their commander had erred. He waited for their support because he believed — erroneously — that he still face larger numbers of Union soldiers than in actuality awaited him.

In response, General Johnson attempted to charge up the hill several times, but failed. In truth, the Union forces were not sizable but rotated troops effectively so that a continuous rain of fire could be maintained. General Lee had formed his troops into a defensive position on Seminary Ridge on the evening of July 3rd, and awoke to stare across the rain swept battlefield at the Union Army.

It was on this day, coincidentally, that the Confederate troops at Vicksburg, Mississippi had surrendered to General Ulysses S.

The Battle of Gettysburg

As the morning progressed, Lee waited for Meade to press his advantage and attack again. But it became apparent after some time that a renewed Union assault — and thus a new chance for the South to gain victory or be defeated even more awfully — was not in the cards. Cavalry troops protected the long wagon train of supplies and wounded. This caravan of wagons, sometimes several miles long, also took with it captured black men, women and children, who the Confederate troops had taken it upon themselves to gather up and take south with them.

Some of these individuals were indeed escaped slaves, but also included in their ranks were free blacks. General Meade was hesitant to aggressively pursue the retreating Confederate Army, and did not follow them closely as they left during the evening of July 4th.

He seemed pretty hard hearted when he refused a proposed prisoner exchange that General Lee had offered. But he perhaps was not hard headed enough to follow the retreat of his opponent and possibly put an end not only to the battle but to the war itself. Hagerstown, Boonsboro and Funkstown were three of the locales for these encounters.

A long-running clash transpired over the course of a week at Falling Water. If Meade had pursued in earnest, then perhaps he could have caught up with Lee and his men before they crossed the Potomac into their home territory of Virginia. The last skirmish of the retreat occurred on July 23, 1863 in the Battle of Manassas Gap. There was to be no great conflict-ending victory for the North here, and the Union and Confederate forces took up positions facing each other across the Rappahonnock River in Virginia.

The aftermath of the Battle of Gettysburg was finished. The battle had been won, but the war would still ensue until two years later. As summer turned to autumn in the year of 1863, the Civil War — or the War Between the States as it was called in the South they could not even agree on what to call it! Although more assertive pursuit of the retreating Confederate Army by General Meade might have put the war to an end in July, that did not happen.

The central speech on that day was not the brief remarks of President Lincoln but, rather, a fight over slavery the battle of gettysburg two-hour long Oration delivered by Edward Everett.

The President was asked to provide dedicatory remarks, and he did so in the still-remembered Gettysburg Address, as we now know this two minute speech.

Battle Of Gettysburg

Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox in Virginia. In modern times with rapid if not immediate communication of news, the conflict would have ended on that very day. Until it did, some of the Confederate generals still thought the war was in progress and continued to soldier on. It was the newly installed President Johnson who declared an end to the conflict on May 9, 1865. It is interesting to speculate as to what might have happened if the pivotal Battle of Gettysburg had led to a decisive victory for either of the combatants.