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A history of the renaissance an art period in history

The Age of Modern Art -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Lesser known modern art movements of the mid-late 19th century included: Macchiaioli a Florentine style of anti-academy Impressionism 1860-90 ; Japonismpopular in UK and France 1875-1900 ; French Naturalism Bande Noire, Brittany inspired by Emil Zola 1880s-90s ; Naive Art, exemplified by Henri Rousseau 1895-1940 ; Symbolisman intellectual form of expressionist painting 1886-1900 ; Les Nabisa mystical religious school of decorative art which spanned painting, tapestry, mosaics, fans, ceramics, and book illustration 1890s ; Verismo, an Italian school of raw realism, led by Telemaco Signorini.

Sunrise at the first Impressionist show. Impressionists focused on the depiction of outdoor light, but within a decade most of them had turned to painting indoors or in studios.

The highpoint of French painting. In American architecturethe 1870s heralded huge advances in Skyscraper architecture.

  • A rigidly geometrical setting is at variance with and yet emphasizes the flexibility of human expression in the Apostles in Andrea's masterpiece The Last Supper in the Convent of Sant' Apollonia, Florence;
  • But Leonardo and Michelangelo displayed this universality to a supreme degree;
  • New York supercedes Paris as the centre of art, Abstract Expressionism emerges as the dominant new style;
  • The term was coined from the title of the seminal design exhibition in Paris, Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes;
  • The founder of Renaissance painting was Masaccio 1404—28.

History of Expressionist Painting c. Highpoint of Gauguin's Synthetism and Emile Bernard's cloisonnism.

Renaissance art

In America, the latest 19th century architecture saw "skyscrapers" by the Chicago School of Architecture 1880-1910. Venice Biennale opens 1895. Completion of the Eiffel Towera wonder of 19th century wrought-iron architecture.

Emergence of Secession and Art Nouveautwo art and design movements which sought to break away from the traditions of the official academies. They also sought to unite the fine arts of painting and sculpture and architecture with the applied arts of design and decoration see History of Poster Art 1860-1980. Their exhibitions caused great controversy. Art Nouveau affected fine art, architecture, furniture, jewellery art and glass.

The first of the Secession movements was the Munich Secession in 1892: German Expressionisma major offshoot, included: Pablo Picasso's early career: During the latter, he created Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, a landmark painting in the development of modern art which signalled a radical departure from the artistic ideas of the preceding ages and heralded the coming of a new artistic movement Cubism as well as the birth of modern abstract art.

The Ashcan School founded. It comprised a small number of painters who chronicled everyday life in New York City during the pre-war period, producing realistic and unvarnished pictures and etchings of urban streetscapes and genre scenes.

Armory Showa major exhibition of modern art, is held in America.

Renaissance Art and Architecture

Picasso combines with Georges Braque to invent the revolutionary art movement called Cubismoverturning conventional ideas of perspective and form which emerges in 3 stages: The chaos of World War I and the Russian Revolution 1917 shatter many conventional ideas in the world of painting and sculpture, leading to numerous avant-garde movements.

Futurism 1909-15which promoted a worship of machinery and modernity; Orphism Orphic Cubism or Simultanism 1910-13founded by French artist Robert Delaunay, which explored the colour phenomena seen in nature; Rayonism 1912-13Russian style of painting dominated by pictorialized 'rays of light', invented by Mikhail Larionov, Vorticism 1913-15 the first UK style to embrace Cubist ideas; Dada 1916-24 which used banal imagery to shock; Suprematism 1913-20s a Russian abstract art movement led by Natalie Goncharova and Kasimir Malevich; Constructivism 1917-21 a Russian avant-garde architectural art style; the Bauhaus Design School 1919-33 founded by Walter Gropius 1883-1969 ; De Stijl 1917-31the influential Dutch 'school' of geometric design led by Theo Van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian, also known as Neo-Plasticism.

  • The universality of the artist was one crucial aspect of the century;
  • Leonardo, the engineer, the prophetic inventor, the learned student of nature in every aspect, the painter of haunting masterpieces, has never failed to excite wonder;
  • The chaos of World War I and the Russian Revolution 1917 shatter many conventional ideas in the world of painting and sculpture, leading to numerous avant-garde movements;
  • Good examples include 15th century Florence - the focus of Italian Renaissance art - and Bruges - one of the centres of Flemish painting;
  • In the picture now treated as a stage instead of a flat plane, it was necessary to explore and make use of the science of linear perspective.

The Bauhaus approach to architectural design was introduced to American architects by Mies van der Rohe, with great success. In addition, another style known as Social Realism portrays the everyday hardships of the Depression era.

In Europe, the era of Surrealism: A parallel art movement to Surrealism was Magic Realism, whose paintings are anchored in everyday reality, but with overtones of fantasy. The name was coined by the German art historian and critic Franz Roh in 1925, in a book entitled Nach Expressionismus: Biomorphic abstraction also flourished in the 30s.

High point of Art Decoa style of design for furniture, jewellery, textiles and interior decor. The term was coined from the title of the seminal design exhibition in Paris, Exposition Internationale des Arts Decoratifs et Industriels Modernes.

The period of Socialist Realism: Chaos and war undermines the primacy of Paris as the world centre of art, a title which soon devolves upon New York. In London 1938a left-wing modern realist group of artists establish The Euston Road School, advocating the portrayal of traditional subjects in a realist manner, to make art more understandable and socially relevant. Pablo Picasso paints his monumental monochrome masterpiece Guernica. New York supercedes Paris as the centre of art, Abstract Expressionism emerges as the dominant new style.

Other hyper-modern movements like Spatialism Italy also appeared, prefacing later Performance and land artworks. Pop-Artists employ contemporary iconic images in an anti-art approach, giving commonplace articles artistic status.

Arte Povera appears in Italy. The 60s also witnesses the rise of Photorealism aka superrealisma form of meticulous photo-like realism, championed by Richard Estes street scenes with elaborate window reflections and Chuck Close b. Minimalism emerges during the 1960s, as does British contemporary painting.