Essays academic service


An adoption of buddhism in the west

A hallway in California's Hsi Lai Temple. Immigrant Buddhists and teachers[ edit ] Immigrant monks soon began teaching to western audiences, as well.

The first Buddhists to arrive in the United States were Chinese.

Buddhism in the West

Hired as cheap labor for the railroads and other expanding industries, they established temples in their settlements along the rail lines. At about the same time, immigrants from Japan began to arrive as laborers on Hawaiian plantations and central-California farms.

Suzuki was the single-most important person in popularizing Zen in the west. The book is said to have attracted many westerners to Tibetan Buddhism. During the 20th century the German writer Hermann Hesse showed great interest in Eastern religions, writing a book entitled Siddhartha. Also influential was Alan Wattswho wrote several books on Zen and Buddhism. The steady influx of refugees from Tibet in the 1960s and from Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia in the 1970s led to renewed interest in Buddhism, and the countercultural movements of the 1960s proved fertile ground for its Westward diffusion.

At the time of Suzuki's arrival, Zen had become a hot topic amongst some groups in the United States, especially beatniks. Suzuki-roshi's classes were filled with those wanting to learn more about Buddhism, and the presence of a Zen master inspired the students.

  1. Unlike the Dalai Lama, the Panchen Lama has usually been recognized only as a spiritual ruler. Within the Hinayana tradition there emerged many different schools, most of which preserved a variant of the Tipitaka which had taken the form of written scriptures by the early centuries of the Common Era , held distinctive doctrinal positions, and practiced unique forms of monastic discipline.
  2. Fg2 The premodern period to the present Under the Tokugawa shogunate 1603—1867 , Buddhism became an arm of the government.
  3. The long-term development of Buddhism in Vietnam, however, was most affected by Zen and Pure Land traditions, which were introduced from China into the northern and central sections of the country beginning in the 6th century ce. In Laos and Cambodia, both of which suffered an extended period of French rule followed by devastation during the Vietnam War and the violent imposition of communist rule, the Buddhist community has been severely crippled.

At this time, there were few if any American citizens that had trained in Japan with ordained Buddhist teachers. The Vihara was quite accessible to English-speakers, and Vipassana meditation was part of its activities. However, the direct influence of the Vipassana movement would not reach the U.

In the 1970s, interest in Tibetan Buddhism grew dramatically.

  • Unlike the Dalai Lama, the Panchen Lama has usually been recognized only as a spiritual ruler;
  • This newly constituted Theravada tradition subsequently spread from Sri Lanka into Southeast Asia, where it exerted a powerful influence.

This was fuelled in part by the 'shangri-la' view of this country and also because Western media agencies are largely sympathetic with the 'Tibetan Cause'.

All four of the main Tibetan Buddhist schools became well known. Perhaps the most widely visible Buddhist teacher in the west is the much-travelled Tenzin Gyatsothe current Dalai Lamawho first visited the United States in 1979.

  • On one hand, Buddhism retained its identity as Buddhism and generated new forms of expression;
  • At this time, there were few if any American citizens that had trained in Japan with ordained Buddhist teachers;
  • As Buddhism declined in India, it underwent a major revival and reform in Sri Lanka, where the Theravada traditions of the Mahavihara became especially prominent.

His early life was depicted in glowing terms in Hollywood films such as Kundun and Seven Years in Tibet. He has attracted celebrity religious followers such as Richard Gere and Adam Yauch. In addition to this a number of Americans who had served in the Korean or Vietnam Wars stayed out in Asia for a period, seeking to understand both the horror they had witnessed and its context.

  1. The Gupta empire at the end of the 4th century. In addition, several reform groups were established among the laity.
  2. During the modern period Mahayana traditions in northern and central Vietnam have coexisted with Theravada traditions from Cambodia in the south.
  3. The new form of text associated with this tradition, the tantras , appeared during the Gupta period, and there are indications that distinctively Tantric rituals began to be employed at this time as well.

A few of these were eventually ordained as monks in both the Mahayana and Theravadan tradition, and upon returning home became influential meditation teachers establishing such centres as the Insight Meditation Society in America, such as Bill Porter. Another contributing factor in the flowering of Buddhist thought in the West was the popularity of Zen amongst the counter-culture poets and activists of the 1960s, due to the writings of Alan WattsD.

Suzuki and Philip Kapleau. Western Buddhism today[ edit ] Today, Buddhism is practiced by increasing numbers of people in the Americas, Europe and Oceania. Buddhism has become the fastest growing religion in Australia [11] [12] and some other Western nations.

Some Western Buddhists are actually non-denominational and accept teachings from a variety of different sects, which is far less frequent in Asia. Tibetan Buddhism[ edit ] Tibetan Buddhism in the West has remained largely traditional, keeping all the doctrine, ritual, faith, devotion, etc. Like many Tibetan Buddhist groups, the FPMT does not have "members" per se, or elections, but is managed by a self-perpetuating board of trustees chosen by its spiritual director head lamaLama Zopa Rinpoche.

Navigation menu

Buddhist modernism A feature of Buddhism in the West today is the emergence of other groups which, even though they draw on traditional Buddhism, are in fact an attempt at creating a new style of Buddhist practice.

Trungpa's movement has also found particular success in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, Shambhala International being based out of Halifax.

  • Numerous monasteries emerged too, some in close association with the great monuments and pilgrimage sites;
  • There are important differences that distinguish the new group, however;
  • In the 2nd or 3rd century the Madhyamika school, which has remained one of the major schools of Mahayana philosophy , was established, and many other expressions of Mahayana belief, practice, and communal life appeared;
  • Although Buddhist institutions seemed to be faring well under the Guptas, Chinese pilgrims visiting India between 400 and 700 ce discerned a decline in the Buddhist community and the beginning of the absorption of Indian Buddhism by Hinduism.

An associated monastery Gampo Abbey was also built near the community of Pleasant Bay. For example, the Dalai Lama's image was used in a campaign celebrating leadership by Apple Computer.

Similarly, Tibetan monasteries have been used as backdrops to perfume advertisements in magazines. This is akin to the various industries providing ritual items and publishing scripture historically, however T.

Shakya has criticized this industry as the publication of Buddhist books uproots small forests and consequently kills thousands of insects. Hsuan Hua who purchased the property. The City currently comprises approximately 700 acres of land.