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An introduction to the life of john neihardt

John G neisenau Neihardt 1881—1973 American poet, novelist, biographer, critic, dramatist, auto-biographer, and short story writer. Neihardt based much of his poetry and prose on the history of the American frontier of the nineteenth century and emphasized the spiritual and psychological import of the settling of the West.

Although he is best known as the author of Black Elk Speaks 1932the life story of a Sioux holy man, Neihardt devoted most of his career to the creation of his long five-part poem A Cycle of the West 1915—1941. Neihardt called this work an attempt to "preserve a mood of race courage" and to "remind men that they are finer than they think.

  • In Black Elk Speaks, Black Elk describes his visions and his personal struggle to maintain his tribe's spiritual unity in the face of cultural obliteration;
  • John G neisenau Neihardt 1881—1973 American poet, novelist, biographer, critic, dramatist, auto-biographer, and short story writer;
  • The pursuit of this interest and his work with the Office of Indian Affairs led to extended contact with Sioux Indians and his friendship with and biography of the Sioux shaman Black Elk;
  • It includes reproductions of the original illustrations by Standing Bear, with new commentary; new maps of the world of Black Elk Speaks; and a revised index.

While A Cycle of the West occupied Neihardt for the majority of his writing years, his additional literary output was large and varied. Divine Enchantment 1900his first major publication, is a long lyric poem revealing his interest in Hindu mysticism; The River and I 1910 is an autobiographical account of a trip down the Missouri River; The Splendid Wayfaring 1920 is a biography of Jedediah Smith; and Poetic Values: In addition to these works, Neihardt also published collections of short stories, two plays, volumes of lyrics, including two collected works, The Quest 1919 and Collected Poems 1926many novels, including his last major work, When the Tree Flowered 1952and two volumes of autobiography written at the end of his life.

  • Neihardt recounts that Black Elk invited him back for interviews;
  • Although he is best known as the author of Black Elk Speaks 1932 , the life story of a Sioux holy man, Neihardt devoted most of his career to the creation of his long five-part poem A Cycle of the West 1915—1941;
  • He has questioned whether Neihardt's account is accurate and fully represents the views or words of Black Elk.

Out of his long career Neihardt emerges as a man of considerable talent who nevertheless received minimal critical attention during his lifetime. Born in Illinois and raised in Kansas and Nebraska, Neihardt devoted much of his life to the study of the history of the Old West from the perspectives of both the native Plains Indians and the white settlers.

The pursuit of this interest and his work with the Office of Indian Affairs led to extended contact with Sioux Indians and his friendship with and biography of the Sioux shaman Black Elk.

John Neihardt

In Black Elk Speaks, Black Elk describes his visions and his personal struggle to maintain his tribe's spiritual unity in the face of cultural obliteration. Although the story is told in the first person, the book was composed by Neihardt, who selected appropriate details and used simplified syntax and rhythmic repetition to convey Black Elk's sensitive insights.

  1. In addition to these works, Neihardt also published collections of short stories, two plays, volumes of lyrics, including two collected works, The Quest 1919 and Collected Poems 1926 , many novels, including his last major work, When the Tree Flowered 1952 , and two volumes of autobiography written at the end of his life.
  2. October 2017 Neihardt was born in Sharpsburg, Illinois. He published his first book, The Divine Enchantment , at the age of 19.
  3. Black Elk Speaks has been widely studied "as anthropology, as sociology, as psychology, and as history," according to Sally McCluskey, and it gained international recognition when psychologist Carl Jung took an interest in its mystic and psychological significance.

Black Elk Speaks has been widely studied "as anthropology, as sociology, as psychology, and as history," according to Sally McCluskey, and it gained international recognition when psychologist Carl Jung took an interest in its mystic and psychological significance. The five parts of A Cycle of the West concern the period between 1822, the beginning of the Ashley-Henry fur trading expeditions, and 1890, the official closing of the frontier.

Three of the five sections recount the heroic deeds of western trappers and settlers: Throughout the poems, the characters overcome both physical and spiritual hardships, gradually bringing morality and civilization to a chaotic world.

John G. Neihardt Neihardt, John G(neisenau) - Essay

Like much of Neihardt's work, A Cycle of the West blends classical literary techniques with historically accurate details and regional folklore. Some critics contend that the tightly structured rhyme and rhythm schemes, lofty language, and classical allusions conflict with the expansive scope and the western particulars of the work.

  • Neihardt's study in Bancroft In 1901, Neihardt moved to Bancroft, Nebraska , on the edge of the Omaha Reservation , beginning a lifelong fascination with Indian cultures;
  • Black Elk Speaks has been widely studied "as anthropology, as sociology, as psychology, and as history," according to Sally McCluskey, and it gained international recognition when psychologist Carl Jung took an interest in its mystic and psychological significance;
  • Out of his long career Neihardt emerges as a man of considerable talent who nevertheless received minimal critical attention during his lifetime;
  • Neihardt also states that Black Elk shared some of the Oglala rituals which he had performed as a healer, and that two men developed a close friendship.

Others, however, agree with Kenneth S. Rothwell that with the creation of A Cycle of the West Neihardt produced "a long American poem which celebrates the timeless themes of Creation, Warfare, Journey, and Settlement intensely, urgently, and transcendentally….