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An introduction to the life of ramses the great and the egyptian pyramids of giza

The Ancient Egyptian pyramids are some of the most impressive structures built by humans in ancient times. Many of the pyramids still survive today for us to see and explore.

Pyramids of Giza, photo by Ricardo Liberato Why did they build the pyramids? The pyramids were built as burial places and monuments to the Pharaohs.

As part of their religion, the Egyptians believed that the Pharaoh needed certain things to succeed in the afterlife. Deep inside the pyramid the Pharaoh would be buried with all sorts of items and treasure that he may need to survive in the afterlife. Types of Pyramids Some of the earlier pyramids, called step pyramids, have large ledges every so often that look like giant steps.

Archeologists think that the steps were built as stairways for the pharaoh to use to climb to the sun god. Later pyramids have more sloping and flat sides. These pyramids represent a mound that emerged at the beginning of time.

Ancient Egypt

The sun god stood on the mound and created the other gods and goddesses. How big were the pyramids? There are around 138 Egyptian pyramids. Some of them are huge. When it was first built it was over 480 feet tall! It was the tallest man-made structure for over 3800 years and is one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It's estimated that this pyramid was made from 2.

Djoser Pyramid by Unknown How did they build them?

Pyramids of Giza

How the pyramids were built has been a mystery that archeologists have been trying to solve for many years. It is believed that thousands of slaves were used to cut up the large blocks and then slowly move them up the pyramid on ramps. The pyramid would get slowly built, one block at a time.

Scientists estimate it took at least 20,000 workers over 23 years to build the Great Pyramid of Giza.

  • Papyrus , which grew abundantly in marshes, was gathered wild and in later times was cultivated;
  • The Demotic Chronicle, a text of the Ptolemaic period, purports to foretell the bad end that would befall numerous Late period kings as divine retribution for their wicked actions;
  • The walls were often covered with carvings and paintings;
  • The dominant visible legacy of ancient Egypt is in works of architecture and representational art.

Because it took so long to build them, Pharaohs generally started the construction of their pyramids as soon as they became ruler. What's inside the pyramids?

Non-Royal Tombs

Deep inside the pyramids lays the Pharaoh's burial chamber which would be filled with treasure and items for the Pharaoh to use in the afterlife. The walls were often covered with carvings and paintings.

Near the Pharaoh's chamber would be other rooms where family members and servants were buried. There were often small rooms that acted as temples and larger rooms for storage. Narrow passageways led to outside. Sometimes fake burial chambers or passages would be used to try and trick grave robbers.

  • From the Late period 664—332 bce , when sources are more diverse and patterns less rigid, numerous usurpations and interruptions to the succession are known; they probably had many forerunners;
  • He rebuilt many of the existing temples in Egypt and built many new structures of his own;
  • Perhaps because of this association with a single powerful state, its language, and its culture , Egyptian writing was seldom adapted to write other languages; in this it contrasts with the cuneiform script of the relatively uncentralized, multilingual Mesopotamia;
  • The physical environment, social structure, kingship, and religion are other fields in which great advances have been made, while the reconstruction of the outline of history is constantly being improved in detail;
  • There were often small rooms that acted as temples and larger rooms for storage;
  • However, his older brother died when Ramses was around 14 years old.

Because there was such valuable treasure buried within the pyramid, grave robbers would try to break in and steal the treasure. Despite the Egyptian's efforts, nearly all of the pyramids were robbed of their treasures by 1000 B.

The pyramids of Egypt are all built to the west of the Nile River.

Life in ancient Egypt

This is because the western side was associated with the land of the dead. The base of a pyramid was always a perfect square.

  1. With their dependents, these two groups formed perhaps 5 percent of the early population. Non-Royal Tombs The skilled workers who live at the site all year round built their tombs near to the pyramids, which was quite an honour.
  2. Many of the pyramids still survive today for us to see and explore. Dwellings were normally built of mud brick and have long since disappeared beneath the rising water table or beneath modern town sites, thereby obliterating evidence for settlement patterns.
  3. The official record of one expedition shows a mortality rate of more than 10 percent.
  4. Sopdet —became visible above the horizon after a period of absence, which at that time occurred some weeks before the Nile began to rise for the inundation.
  5. A total of 955 years for the 1st through the 8th dynasty in the Turin Canon has been used to assign a date of about 3100 bce for the beginning of the 1st dynasty, but this requires excessive average reign lengths, and an estimate of 2925 bce is preferable. The king and the gods are absent in nonroyal tombs, and, until the New Kingdom, overtly religious matter is restricted to rare scenes of mortuary rituals and journeys and to textual formulas.

They were built mostly of limestone. There were traps and curses put on the tombs and the pyramids to try and keep robbers out. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element. More information on the civilization of Ancient Egypt: