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An introduction to the positive benefits of vegetarianism

No There are a number of vegetarian diets that exclude or include various foods: Different Buddhist traditions have differing teachings on diet, which may also vary for ordained monks and nuns compared to others.

Many interpret the precept "not to kill" to require abstinence from meat, but not all. In Taiwan, su vegetarianism excludes not only all animal products but also vegetables in the allium family which have the characteristic aroma of onion and garlic: Fruitarianism and Jain vegetarianism permit only fruit, nuts, seeds, and other plant matter that can be gathered without harming the plant.

10 ways vegetarianism can help save the planet

Macrobiotic diets consist mostly of whole grains and beans. Lacto vegetarianism includes dairy products but not eggs. Ovo vegetarianism includes eggs but not dairy products.

Ovo-lacto vegetarianism or lacto-ovo vegetarianism includes animal products such as eggs, milk, and honey. Sattvic diet also known as yogic dieta plant-based diet which may also include dairy and honey, but excludes eggs, red lentilsdurianmushrooms, alliumsblue cheesesfermented foods or sauces, and alcoholic drinks. Coffee, black or green teachocolatenutmegand any other type of stimulant including excessively pungent spices are sometimes excluded, as well.

Veganism excludes all animal flesh and by-products, such as milk, honey not always[40] and eggs, as well as items refined or manufactured through any such product, such as animal-tested baking soda or white sugar refined with bone char.

Raw veganism includes only fresh and uncooked fruit, nuts, seeds, and vegetables. Usually, raw vegan food is only ever "cooked" with a food dehydrator at low temperatures.

  • Friends of the Earth estimates that around 6m hectares of forest land a year — an area equivalent to Latvia or twice the size of Belgium — and a similar acreage of peat and wetlands elsewhere, is converted to farmland a year;
  • We mostly breed four species — chickens, cows, sheep and pigs — all of which need vast amounts of food and water, emit methane and other greenhouse gases and produce mountains of physical waste;
  • Older kids may decide to become vegetarians because of concern for animals, the environment, or their own health;
  • Also be wary if your child has self-imposed a very restrictive diet;
  • And as with any diet, you'll need to understand that the nutritional needs of kids change as they grow;
  • Should the studies have been based on giant US factory farms, or on more sustainable breeding in Europe?

Within the " ovo- " groups, there are many who refuse to consume fertilized eggs with balut being an extreme example ; however, such distinction is typically not specifically addressed. Some vegetarians also avoid products that may use animal ingredients not included in their labels or which use animal products in their manufacturing. For example, sugars that are whitened with bone charcheeses that use animal rennet enzymes from animal stomach lininggelatin derived from the collagen inside animals' skin, bones, and connective tissuesome cane sugar but not beet sugar and beverages such as apple juice and alcohol clarified with gelatin or crushed shellfish and sturgeonwhile other vegetarians are unaware of, or do not mind, such ingredients.

Macrobiotic diet consisting mostly of whole grains and beans, but may sometimes include fish. Pescetarianismwhich includes fish and possibly other forms of seafood.

Pollo -pescetarianism, which includes poultry and fish, or "white meat" only.

How a Vegetarian Diet Could Help Save the Planet

Pollotarianism, which includes chicken and possibly other poultry. Semi-vegetarianism is contested by vegetarian groups, such as the Vegetarian Societywhich states that vegetarianism excludes all animal flesh. Vegetarians generally have a lower body mass index. These characteristics and other lifestyle factors associated with a vegetarian diet may contribute to the positive health outcomes that have been identified among vegetarians.

Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010 — A report issued by the U.

Department of Agriculture and the U. Basket of fresh fruit and vegetables grown in Israel. Studies on the health effects of vegetarian diets observe heterogeneous effects on mortality.

Vegetarianism

One review found a decreased overall risk of all cause mortality, cancer except breast and cardiovascular disease; [46] however, a meta-analysis found lower risk for ischemic heart disease and cancer but no effect on overall mortality or cerebrovascular disease. Rates of self-reported Seventh-day Adventists SDA were less than half of those of the general population, and, among SDA, vegetarians had lower rates of diabetes than non-vegetarians. Among possible explanations for a protective effect of vegetarian diet are the Lower BMI of vegetarians and higher fiber intake, both of which improve insulin sensitivity.

According to some studies, a vegetarian lifestyle can be associated with vitamin B 12 deficiency and low bone mineral density. The study found that the 350 committed vegetarians studied had a higher average depression score compared to others. Vegetarian nutrition and vegan nutrition Western vegetarian diets are typically high in carotenoidsbut relatively low in omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin B12. Proteins are composed of amino acidsand a common concern with protein acquired from vegetable sources is an adequate intake of the essential amino acidswhich cannot be synthesised by the human body.

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While dairy and egg products provide complete sources for ovo-lacto vegetarianseveral vegetable sources have significant amounts of all eight types of essential amino acids, including lupin beanssoy[71] hempseedchia seed[72] amaranth[73] buckwheat[74] pumpkin seeds [75] spirulina[76] pistachios[77] and quinoa. A 1994 study found a varied intake of such sources can be adequate. However, the American Dietetic Association states that iron deficiency is no more common in vegetarians than non-vegetarians adult males are rarely iron deficient ; iron deficiency anaemia is rare no matter the diet.

Purslane contains more Omega 3 than any other known leafy green. Olives and olive oil are another important plant source of unsaturated fatty acids. Plant foods can provide alpha-linolenic acid which the human body uses to synthesize the long-chain n-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA. While the health effects of low levels of EPA and DHA are unknown, it is unlikely that supplementation with alpha-linolenic acid will significantly increase levels.

Vitamin D Vitamin D needs can be met via the human body's own generation upon sufficient and sensible exposure to ultraviolet UV light in sunlight.