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An overview of the common cold and its hazardous effects to the human body

Learn how to lower your chances of catching a cold and passing it onto others. Seasons play a role The cold virus is more common in cold-weather months, such as fall and winter, and rainy seasons. This puts you in closer proximity with other people, raising your risk of catching the cold virus and passing it onto others.

Everything You Need to Know About the Common Cold

To lower your risk of getting sick or making others sick, practice good hygiene. Wash your hands regularly. Cover over your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze, using a tissue or the crook of your elbow. Certain climates and seasonal conditions can also make cold symptoms worse. For example, dry air can dry out the mucous membranes of your nose and throat. This can exacerbate a stuffy nose and sore throat. Use a humidifier to add moisture in the air of your home or office.

Change the water daily and clean the machine regularly to avoid spreading bacteria, fungi, and irritants. Age is a factor Children under the age of 6 are more likely to catch a common cold.

Young children tend to come into close contact with other kids who might be carrying viruses. As a result, cold viruses tend to spread more easily among young children.

Microbes and disease

Inadequate sleep raises your chances of catching the common cold, as well as other diseases. To keep your immune system healthy, try to get enough sleep every day. According to the Mayo Clinicmost adults need about seven to eight hours of good quality sleep per day.

Teenagers need nine to 10 hours, while school-age children may need 10 or more hours. They suggest it affects how the stress hormone cortisol works. The hormone regulates inflammation in your body. This may cause you to develop symptoms. To help minimize stress: This raises your risk of catching the cold and other viruses. Inhaling tobacco smoke also exposes you to toxic chemicals that can irritate your throat lining. Symptoms of the common cold can be worse if you smoke.

Inhaling secondhand smoke also raises your risk of developing cold symptoms.

  • Cold prevention Colds are very minor, but they are inconvenient and can certainly be miserable;
  • Tetanus lockjaw This is a serious disease caused by poison produced by the bacterial germ Clostridium tetani;
  • Sharing towels can spread germs Insects can spread germs directly to people Germs can be carried from one person to another by insects;
  • You may actually be showing symptoms of a different problem, such as the flu or strep throat.

Children and others who live in homes where people smoke are more likely to develop serious respiratory conditions, such as bronchitis and pneumonia. These conditions can develop from the common cold. If you smoke, take steps to quit. Ask your doctor about smoking cessation tools and programs. They may recommend prescription medications, nicotine replacement therapy, counseling, or other strategies to help you quit.

The takeaway Several factors can raise your risk of catching the common cold and passing it onto others.

Common Cold Risk Factors

Fortunately, you can take steps to manage your risk factors and lower your chances of getting sick. Practice good hygiene, get enough sleep, and take steps to minimize stress.

Avoid smoking or breathing in second-hand smoke. If you do get sick, take time off school or work. Give your body time to heal and avoid passing the virus onto other people.

4 Germs and disease