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Causes symptoms management and prevention of cardiovascular disease

Data from a previous study. Monitoring of certain factors, biochemical and physiological ones, is important in the prevention of diseases of the cardiovascular system. Biochemical and physiological risk factors Hypertension Hypertension abnormally high blood pressure is a risk factor when it comes to cardiovascular disorder both for hemodynamic reasons hemorrhagic stroke and aortic dissection and because of the acceleration of atherosclerosis.

In the last 17 years, average body mass increased by 3. Diabetes Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by elevated levels of glucose in the blood resulting from a defect in insulin secretion or action.

Elevated concentration of glucose in blood enhances glycation mainly of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, particle which becomes more susceptible to oxidation, is cytotoxic to the endothelium, and promotes the adhesion of blood platelets, 16 which in turn promotes the development of cardiovascular diseases.

Procoagulant factors Fibrinogen is an acute phase protein and is one of the main elements of coagulation.

Coronary heart disease - causes, symptoms, prevention

Its increased concentration is related to a significantly higher severity of atherosclerosis and a higher risk of heart diseases. The factors of coagulation and fibrinolysis are as follows: In addition, CRP is characterized by a relatively constant concentration throughout the day and not inactivated at low temperatures. European and Polish trends According to the authors, in addition to the factors described earlier, an essential element in the prevention of heart disease in Polish society and European population is the organization of medical care.

Regular ECG, dedicated to all employees as part of periodic tests, can effectively prevent sudden death due to untreated and never-before detected cardiovascular disease.

Our previous study has shown that cardiac patients without prior diagnosis of diseases of the cardiovascular system hesitate to call medical help even if they experience symptoms. In addition, it should be noted that the weak point in the process of treating a patient with ACS proved to be patients who decided to call an ambulance 140 minutes average time after the onset of pain. Early ECG recordings in ACS are a key step to ensure a timely triage of patients who are candidates for an early invasive treatment.

Consequently, since many patients were present with ECG confounding factors, transmission to an on-call cardiologist for an early correct diagnosis is needed. Prehospital ECGs can help to identify ST-segment elevation earlier and detect important transient abnormalities, information not otherwise available from the first emergency department ECG. We must also remember that in case of STEMI, patients transported even on short distances are in danger of developing arrhythmic complications.

The prehospital ECG should be fully integrated into emergency practices. Triage and activation of the catheterization laboratory are done when needed. It decreases the costs of treatment, improves accessibility to the laboratory, and gives better results of treating patients with cardiac events.

The optimal treatment strategy is dependent on the duration of ischemia. The use of technology and ECG recordable device is necessary to help identify patients who immediately require lifesaving procedures. To conclude, general benefits of an early invasive strategy in patients with heart failure is lifesaving in life-threatening situations, which may successfully prevent sudden death.

Successful management of ST-segment elevation ACS by early invasive therapy improves long-term survival and reduces late myocardial infarction MI and rehospitalization for unstable angina UA. This is confirmed by a study conducted in the US between 1980 and 2012. The risk of a first heart attack is 90. This relationship was observed regardless of sex, causes symptoms management and prevention of cardiovascular disease origin, or geographical region. However, by including primary prevention in the early and regularly exercised ECG which has so far been overlookedwe can effectively reduce population mortality from causes symptoms management and prevention of cardiovascular disease of the cardiovascular system.

That is why it is worth paying attention to this element when considering the prevention of sudden death in heart failure. Undoubtedly, prevention also consists of such therapeutic interventions and treatment of patients that reduce the incidence of complications including death and relapse, as well as inhibit the progression of pathological changes.

Modification of risk factors is an essential strategy both in primary prevention and in secondary prevention.

What is cardiovascular disease?

In secondary prevention of heart diseases, drug therapy plays an equally important role as the risk factor modification. This topic is worth exploring in depth, because in 2011, there were 89,000 of people hospitalized because of heart attack in Poland and 16,000 Polish citizens died. With a relatively low hospital mortality, the rate of distance before and after stay at the hospital mortality becomes alarming. For this reason, it is important to early and rapidly diagnose the patients using ECG at both the prevention stage and early diagnosis stage, which is connected with the detection ability of cardiovascular diseases.

Monitoring of ECG is a widely used and inexpensive diagnostic method to investigate causes symptoms management and prevention of cardiovascular disease cardiac abnormalities. It is a first-line investigation in MI.

So finding the features that give information about MI or about risk of MI during emergency is quite useful for both patients and doctors. Reducing the time of reperfusion treatment for patients with STEMI can improve patient outcomes, 38 and also every delay in PCI increases long-lasting mortality.

ECGs and other vital sign monitoring are conducted continuously in critical care environments, such as the intensive care unit, coronary care unit and cardiac catheterization, and diagnostic stress testing labs. ECGs are also routinely performed in physician offices and other medical facilities. A crucial step in effective STEMI treatment is swift transmission of an ECG image from emergency medical staff on site with a patient directly to the hospital to be viewed by a doctor.

Traditionally ECG images are sent through specialized systems. Some hospitals use cell phones to take photos of ECGs, which require large files to maintain clarity and can be slow and unreliable, particularly images taken by emergency medical personnel in signal-limited environments.

Early interpretation could also help in increasing the number of prehospital ECGs on record and increase the number of patients with STEMI identified in the ambulance.

These facts reducing time to door-to-balloon. Moreover, a high specificity in hospital triage decision is needed because coronary angiographies carry high risk of complications for patients.

Apart from this, the results of our previous study indicate a very low number of ambulance personnel who transmit an ECG in analyzed group of 270 patients in Kujavian-Pomeranian region in Poland. According to the authors, the inclusion of an element such as ECG monitoring of biochemical and physiological factors is necessary, in order to effectively prevent premature death from heart disease. For example, unequal pulses or ripple of aortic regurgitation indicates possible aortic dissection, seeing that a pericardial friction rub suggests acute pericarditis.

Early transmission of ECG signal is a good method of prevention of sudden death in heart failure. Moreover, early detection of cardiovascular disease by ECG included as a compulsory study for primary prevention in the Polish population will effectively eliminate the premature mortality.

Expansion of the list of biochemical and physiological factors to include an element of ECG monitoring will allow for an early detection of symptoms of the disease activity and will consequently help to protect the Polish population against sudden death from heart disease. Acknowledgments We would like to thank all contact persons.

Footnotes The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.

  • It is important to address risk factors by;
  • Omega -3 fatty acids and Fish oil are heart-healthy;
  • Does aspirin protect from cardiovascular disease?
  • This condition that can develop in women during pregnancy causes high blood pressure and a higher amount of protein in urine;
  • Exposing others to your secondhand smoke also increases their risk of coronary artery disease;
  • Exposing others to your secondhand smoke also increases their risk of coronary artery disease.

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  • Successful management of ST-segment elevation ACS by early invasive therapy improves long-term survival and reduces late myocardial infarction MI and rehospitalization for unstable angina UA;
  • Undoubtedly, prevention also consists of such therapeutic interventions and treatment of patients that reduce the incidence of complications including death and relapse, as well as inhibit the progression of pathological changes;
  • High blood cholesterol levels;
  • Does aspirin protect from cardiovascular disease?

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