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Effects potential effects on development pre conceptual pre birth and birth experiences

How development and learning are interconnected How and why variations occur in rate and sequence of development of learning That learning may take place in different ways The importance of play Development and learning are closely tied. A good example of this is walking, for a baby to begin to walk, a level of coordination and growth is required, but the baby must also have the desire to walk. Once the child can walk, a whole new world can be discovered as the child can now reach things and see things from an different level.

Child development Essay

It is not fully understood why some children appear to learn faster than others, but it is thought that there both genetic and environmental factorsat play. Some children have learning difficulties that prevent them from learning in the same way — or at the same rate — as other children. So some children will learn some skills, for example the ability to draw or socialise, at the same rate as others.

Adults may notice how quicky the remember things and how fast they are to learn new skills. For these children, it would seem that they are able to process information more quickly and effectively than other children of the same age.

This is thought to be linked to the presence of a stimulating environment combined with a strong genetic component. Children can learn in a variety of ways.

  • Women who are consirdering a pregnancy are therfore urged to take supplements of 400mcg of folic acid daily untilthe twelfth week of their pregnancy;
  • It is important to emphasise.

They can copy adults and other children, they can also learn from thier own experiences as they will repeat activities that fascinate them or are enjoyable. As children can learn in variety of ways, it is important for us to provide them with a range of different opportunities and experiences. Good play opportunities allow children not only to have fun and to explore, but also to learn about materials, concepts and how to socialise. As children grown an develop, they are able to choose and create their own play; Physical — A range of physical skills, including fine and gross motor skills, are developed as children make movements, balance or sit in order to play with toys or engage in games with adluts.

Cognitive — Children learn concepts and about the world around them by playing with materials, resources and learning by trial and error what things can do. Language — Play gives children a reason for taking and communicating. At first this is with adluts, but as children can play together, they talk to each other. Emotional — Play is fun. It makes children feel happy and also helps them to feel powerful and learn about feelings; when they engage in role play they also learn about different perspectives.

Social — From playing with adults, babies learn social skills such as talkingturns and co-operating. With age and language skills.

All babies and children show different rates of development,but some do so because of difficulties linked to experiences during conception, pregnancy and birth.

  • Maternal Diet Diet is particularly important in the first twelve weeks of pregnancy when lack of a mineral called folic acid, found in green leafy vegetables, can cause spina bifida;
  • During labour, the oxygen supply to the baby might be interrupted for several reasons, including the umbilical cord becoming entangled or the baby being slow to breathe at birth;
  • Most women give birth vaginally but sometimes a Caesarean Section is given;
  • Again this can have a serious impact, especially in the first few weeks of a pregnancy when sometimes mothers may not even know their pregnant but the baby is at a critical point of development.

We know that even before a baby is conceived, the lifestyle of the parents can have an effect on thier potential development. Parents are advised to think about stopping smoking, about taking folic acid supplements, cuttting down on alcohol and avoiding recreational drugs.

Conception At the moment of conception, when a sperm and egg fuse, a transfer of genetic information takes place. Pregnancy Between conception and birth, babies can be affected by the health of their mother as well as her lifestyle choices. Stress, deit and alcohol are examples of factors that can affect development.

During this time the foetus becomes recognisably human and all the organs are formed. Smoking Smoking restricts the amount of oxygen the unborn baby is getting and affects the groth and development. Bbaies born to mothers who smoke are therefore more likely to be lighter at birth and also premature. Ther seems to be other long-lasting effects on health as well.

These include a higher incidence of cot death and a greater predisposition to asthma. Substance abuse the use of recreational and prescribed drugs can affect the developing foetus. Pregnant woman are therefore advised not to take any drugs during their pregnacy unless told to do so by a doctor. Again this can have a serious impact, especially in the first few weeks of a pregnancy when sometimes mothers may not even know their pregnant but the baby is at a critical point of development.

During the rest of the prgnancy alcohol can effect the development of the bay an so doctors advised mothers not to drink threw out their pregnancy.

A specific condition known as Foetal Alcohol Syndrome, which is cuased by alcohol during pregnancy, has now been identifed. The common cold is harmless, but food poisoning, rubella or sexually transmitted disease such as genital herpes can put the unborn baby at risk.

Babies who have been exposed to rebella often have sight and hearing problems. Maternal Health Most women should have healthy pregnancies, but some woman can develop complications, including diabetes and pre-eclampsia which can even be fatal.

If left undereated, these conditions can affect the health of both mother and baby. This is why pregnant women are offered refu;ar antental check ups. Maternal Diet Diet is particularly important in the first twelve weeks of pregnancy when lack of a mineral called folic acid, found in green leafy vegetables, can cause spina bifida. Women who are consirdering a pregnancy are therfore urged to take supplements of 400mcg of folic acid daily untilthe twelfth week of their pregnancy.

Pregnant woman can also become deficient in iron and so are encouraged to eat high in iron such as red meat, green vegetables, dried apircots and fortified breakfeast cereals. The process of birth can present various dangers to both mother and child, which is why mothers are monitored before and during birth.

Healthy Beginnings

Most women give birth vaginally but sometimes a Caesarean Section is given. This is when an incision of approximately 20cm is made across the lower abdomen and the baby is delivered through this opening; the mother is given an anaesthetic beforehand.

A Caesarean may be planned in advance, for example when a woman is carrying triplets, or may have to be carried out at short notice if there are difficulties when giving birth. The main danger for babies during the birthing process is a lack of oxygen.

  • Smoking Smoking restricts the amount of oxygen the unborn baby is getting and affects the groth and development;
  • Good play opportunities allow children not only to have fun and to explore, but also to learn about materials, concepts and how to socialise.

During labour, the oxygen supply to the baby might be interrupted for several reasons, including the umbilical cord becoming entangled or the baby being slow to breathe at birth.

In extreme cases anoxia can be fatal or leave the baby with permanent brian damage. It is important to emphasise. However, that this is relatively rare and most abies are born safely. How to cite this page Choose cite format: