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Examine murdock s theory that the nuclear

Examine the view that the nuclear family is universal. (24)

How to Write a Summary of an Article? Murdock suggested that the nuclear family is universal. This is because it fulfils four basic functions that help society and its individual members these functions being sexual, reproductive, economic and educational functions within the family.

In 1949, Murdock took a sample of 250 societies in his study Social Structure.

Is the nuclear family universal according to Murdock's theory

Two people of opposite sexes who lived together to support their family and provide the emotional and financial needs was the nuclear family seen to be a universal socially accepted view. The sexual function within the family provides stability for the adults, husband and wife have the right of sexual access with each other, allowing the family to strengthen and provide sexual gratification for spouses.

The economic function means the mother and father are able to provide the essential needs for the family which include of food and shelter. Lastly, the educational function within the nuclear family, this is when the family socialise the young into accepting the shared norms and values within society.

Functions of the family

In 1959, Gough researched into the Nayar society. Nayar girls were ritually married to a suitable Nayar man according to the Tali rite. Men were allowed to have an unlimited number of sandbanham wives whilst the woman was limited to no more than twelve.

  • Murdock suggested that the nuclear family is universal;
  • Two people of opposite sexes who lived together to support their family and provide the emotional and financial needs was the nuclear family seen to be a universal socially accepted view;
  • Lastly, the educational function within the nuclear family, this is when the family socialise the young into accepting the shared norms and values within society;
  • This is because the mother plays a bigger role essentially in the family household because women have the biological ability to have children, and also due to there being ideologies about motherhood such as the mother nurtures for the child and does everything she can to provide for her child;
  • The child either way will be educated and therefore socialised into the norms of values of society;
  • This is because the mother plays a bigger role essentially in the family household because women have the biological ability to have children, and also due to there being ideologies about motherhood such as the mother nurtures for the child and does everything she can to provide for her child.

Matrifocal female-headed and one-parent families are becoming more common in Britain today. This is because the mother plays a bigger role essentially in the family household because women have the biological ability to have children, and also due to there being ideologies about motherhood such as the mother nurtures for the child and does everything she can to provide for her child.

Gonzales in 1970 argued that the female headed families were a well organised social group which represented a positive adaption to the circumstances of poverty.

Functionalist views on the Nuclear family in contemporary society Flashcards Preview

Some households may not contain adults of both sexes; this is known as the gay or lesbian families. Callaban 1997 argues that gay or lesbian household should be seen as families regardless of not being a male and female based parental family.

Examine the View That the Nuclear Family Is Universal

The child either way will be educated and therefore socialised into the norms of values of society. However, the gay and lesbian household do represent a minority of families. Though there are many different cultural norms and values, the nuclear family can be said to be universal. Essentially the majority of countries within the world there are people of opposite sexes who live together and support each other and their family by providing the emotional and financial needs.