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Facts on geography population and climate of thailand


The Khmer Empire ruled Thailand for many years starting the 800s until the 13th century. In the 13th century the local Thai Chiefs united and expelled the Khmer Empire. They established the Thai Kingdom in 1238.

In 1350 the Thai Kingdom of Ayutthaya emerged.

  • The southwestern monsoon results in the rainy season, and the northeastern monsoon from the South China Sea brings chilly days;
  • Rice, sugar cane, pineapples, cassava and a variety of fruit are among the crops grown here;
  • Each coastal area contains a slice of heaven suitable for a different style of traveler;
  • Temperatures begin to climb in January, and a hot sun parches the landscape.

Its first King was Rama Thibodi. King Thibodi made Theravada Bhuddhism the official religion and established the Dharamshastra rule of law. The Kingdom of Ayutthaya ruled the land for over 400 years.

  1. The fertile floodplain and tropical monsoon climate, ideally suited to wet-rice thamna cultivation, attracted settlers to this central area rather than to the marginal uplands and mountains of the northern region or the Khorat Plateau to the northeast.
  2. Almost every year there are floods or drought or both. In the dry season, road travel is easier but the countryside is often brown and dusty.
  3. But microclimates abound and there is always the luck factor. CIA World Factbook] Thailand measures about 1,260 km, from the northernmost point at Mae Sai district in Chiang Rai province to the southernmost point at Betong district, Yala province, and in width, from the westernmost point at Sangkhla Buri district in Kanchanaburi province to the easternmost point at Sirindhorn district in Ubon Ratchathani province, about 780 km.
  4. When European imperialism brought a new phase in Southeast Asian commerce in the late 1800s, Thailand was able to maintain its independence as a buffer zone between British-controlled Burma to the west and French-dominated Indochina to the east. The North is mostly mountainous, making the region the origin of streams and rivers in Thailand, including the Chao Phraya River, formed at the convergence of four rivers.
  5. The 26 provinces in the region are. Finally, to the east of Thailand, the northern Gulf features Bangkok weekend getaway Koh Samet, and the up-and-coming resort island of Koh Chang, which has both upscale resorts and budget beach bungalows.

In 1767, Burmese armies invaded and burned its capital. In 1782 the Chakri dynasty emerged at the city of Chao Phraya, which is where Bangkok is today.

Thailand Facts and Culture

Rama I was the first king of the Chakri dynasty. The Chakri dynasty still rules Thailand and current the current ruler, King Adulyadej, has ruled since 1946. Thailand was called Siam and the people the Siamese by European explorers.

Thailand avoided being colonized by any European country during the colonization period. Thailand fought along side the US in the Korean War.

  1. The interior is dominated by mountains and dense rain forests.
  2. Although neither China nor Vietnam bordered Thailand, the territory of both countries came within 100 kilometers of Thai territory.
  3. Disputes with Cambodia after 1950 arose in part from ill-defined boundaries; the most notable case was a dispute over the Preah Vihear Temple area submitted to the International Court of Justice, which ruled in favor of Cambodia in 1962.
  4. Some of the people that live in northern Thailand belong to ethnic minorities—often called hill tribes because they have traditionally lived in the hills and mountains of the region—such as the Karens, Akha, Lisu, Lao, Meo, Yao and Lahu. Rains tend to fall in short afternoon downpours during the rainy season.

In recent years Thailand has seen some unrest in its government, including a military coup in 2006. The Geography of Thailand Total Size: Southeast Asia General Terrain: Gulf of Thailand 0 m Geographical High Point: Doi Inthanon 2,576 m Climate: Thai, English secondary language of the eliteethnic and regional dialects Independence: Thai singular and plural Religions: Back to Geography Home Page.