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Importance of handicrafts in the economic growth

November 08, 2016; Accepted date: November 21, 2016; Published date: December 28, 2016 Citation: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

View PDF Download PDF Abstract The sector of handicraft is not only provides employment for the development of economy but it also acts as a sensible artistic approach of self-expression for the artisans. Handicrafts are matchless expressions as they represent culture, tradition, and heritage of a country.

  • However, the improvement of employment and income-generating opportunities based on crafts skills - wood-carving, weaving, pottery, etc;
  • Suppose, if it is a small scale handicraft industry that produces hand made furniture, clothes and embroidery designed products, the raw materials are easily available or the industry would also use recycled products;
  • However, if treated as one element in the development of a comprehensive forestry development programme, handicrafts can make an important contribution to the development of a local economy based on environmentally and socially sound principles;
  • Land use and tenure rights; farming practices; employment opportunities; access to basic human services; participation in policy development - all are mutual-interest issues.

Handicraft sector is directly related to the economy of the rural India that means its growth, and downfall is the mirror image of rural economy as well as the economy as a whole In this paper, we have tried to analyze why the sector is one of the promising and productive sectors in India economy and what is the contribution of handicraft as foreign inflow to the Indian economy, and its growth, and decline through last fifteen years.

Further, we have shown the growing foreign markets for Indian handicraft, and the leading foreign market for Indian art to export. Keywords Handicraft; India and its Handicraft; Contribution of Handicraft to Indian Economy; Market for Indian Handicraft Introduction India is a diverse economy encompasses of agriculture, agribusiness, a wide range of modern industries, and multitude of services sectorscategorized under private and public sectors.

  1. Further increase in manufacturing expenses has led to gap between actual product demanded, and actual product produced; the same gap is utilized by the machine made products, besides this the raw material needed in handicrafts has also fallen in short of supply in many states of the country because of more wastage, and improper utilization of available resources. The role of non-timber forest products in shifting cultivation communities and households.
  2. Handicrafts in India , such as dolls, designed clothes, embroidery materials, wood works, hand painting, gifts, furniture, toys and a lot more, are much popular worldwide.
  3. That is the development of its 700-million strong rural populations needs better economic policies and best source of employment by making the existing opportunities further stronger.
  4. Due to the uniqueness factor, the designs and craft works really amaze many buyers all around the world! Since handicraft is all about making craft with available things mostly recycled household waste products , the raw materials are very cheap and easy to purchase.

But due to the availability of abundant natural resources, favorable climate and art of agribusiness, India after independence have shown more trust to invest on agricultural for the development of its agro based economy.

Fundamentally India economy relies on agricultural and its allied industries that are agribusiness industries by agribusiness we mean collective business activities that are performed from farm to fork it includes textile, silk, handicrafts, and other small scale industries. To develop through agro based economy exploring agricultural potential is a key for economic growth, agribusiness expansion, which is the dominant source of recent growth, should be seen as a main engine of further development.

Agribusiness is one of the main sources of employment all through the world especially in developing nations. In developing counties most of the people live in rural areas and are directly dependent on the agribusiness industries. That is the development of its 700-million strong rural populations needs better economic policies and best source of employment by making the existing opportunities further stronger. Since India is an agro-based economy and most of its people live in rural areas that have direct link to these agro-based industries majority of rural people are working agribusiness industries for their livelihood.

The elevating employment opportunities in agriculture and its allied sector like textile industries, horticulture, extraction mills, sericulture, and off course handicraft sector will make the sector more prosperous and best for the national financial integration.

Even though there are many allied sector of agriculture with excellent growth but after agriculture if there is any other sector which has shown continuous optimistic growth since independence in generating revenue for the nation and employment for the rural people, that is the handicraft sector.

Handicrafts sector is a sector which is engaged in production of products which are produced either completely by hand or with the importance of handicrafts in the economic growth of tools. The Indian handicrafts industry is highly labor intensive, cottage based and decentralized. The industry is spread all over the country from east to west and from north to south most of the manufacturing units are located in rural and in small towns.

The handicraft sector technically and statistically forms the second largest source of employment in India. It was having 23 million people engaged around this industry in the year 2002 [ 2 ]. Further, the employment increased from 65. Handicraft sector got boost since the new Economic Philosophy of Inclusive Growth has been initiated as a route to success towards sustainability by the government of India.

colosus handicraft

The concept of inclusive growth says for the firmness of Indian economy all sectors of economy including handicraft must be given equal magnitude and for the inclusive growth both rural and urban sector must be given proper attention. While in India rural economy is the backbone as well as the vital of growth of the economy at all so it must be given most priority [ 3 ].

For the purpose of achieving inclusive growth, India needs to better focus on the agriculture and agribusiness industries at first as they are main source of employment for the poor who live in abject poverty.

Handicraft sector is one of the indirectly agricultural linked sectors of rural economy which provides income for the livelihood with the aim to eliminate poverty and make India self-sufficient in handicraft needs.

  • Posted by colosushandicraftadmin In this industrialized world, people always look out for branded products;
  • But due to the availability of abundant natural resources, favorable climate and art of agribusiness, India after independence have shown more trust to invest on agricultural for the development of its agro based economy;
  • The total export of the year 1998-1999 was 35659;
  • Economic development handicrafts production, alone, cannot be expected to result in maintenance of cultural traditions.

The allied sector of agriculture including handicraft sector provides employment for their upliftment and prosperity of all kinds of people whether poor or rich and rural or urban especially to those who live in underprivileged condition. Further the sector is an important source to express art and skill in crafts and promote the culture by making crafts available locally. Handicraft in India Handicrafts can be defined as products which are produced either completely by hand or with the help of tools.

In India handicrafts have great potential of employment generation and income generation as it hold the key for sustaining not only the millions of artisans already existing, spread over length, and breadth of the country, but also for the increasingly large number of new entrants in the crafts activity [ 6 ].

  • In terms of practical output, the team developed a three-tier, flexible model for crafts development in the Indonesian setting, and a series of project proposals;
  • Design A sensitive approach to design is crucial balancing aspects of traditional motifs, patterns, and products with a knowledge of the marketplace;
  • A field report for Aid to Artisans see box covering the same area during the period 1987-90 found average annual earnings for potters to be Rp 300000 Gearheart and Kerr, 1987;
  • Furthermore, some of the new laws appear to conflict with one another, further confusing the villagers Weinstock and Sunito, 1989;
  • The Canadian study evinced the contribution of the handicraft sector to overall employment opportunities in Asia;
  • Therefore, new applications, adaptations, approaches and markets must be continually sought.

Further, the spirit of handicrafts is the raw material used for crafts are easily available. Craftsmen and Artisans can produce products in unlimited numbers without any negative impact on sustainability.

The Sector of Handicrafts and its Share in Indian Economy

The products of handicraft have multiple uses they can be utilitarian, decoration, artistic, imaginative, culturally attached, ornamental, functional, traditional, religiously, and socially symbolic, due to such a diverse and influential values of handicraft it has becomes important aspect of every bodies life.

In addition to this, the rich culture, heritage of great art and craftsmanship has enhanced its value in the world market. The handicraft industry has a history of several centuries in India. The crafts of India were well known to the world throughout centuries. The residents of Indus valley were famous for their art, culture, and craftsmanship. Their passion for handicraft has been inherent by the modern India. Moreover, the great designing and carvings of temples testify the fact that art and craftsmanship are not new to India it is the skill which India got from its inherent culture, and rituals [ 7 ].

  1. Though the sector has huge market potential in all Indian states, and abroad, but the growing demand for the artificial product has badly affected the livings of many skilled artisans directly, and others related to this sector indirectly.
  2. This has both positive end negative potential implications. However, it is the ritual object, produced by skilled members of the society, given painstaking attention and used ceremonially, which represents the highest artistic achievement of such cultures.
  3. Research Methodology This research paper is based on the secondary data by exploring various secondary data resources such as old research papers, various journals, books, the internet, some of the governmental data etc. One example of ATA assistance in crafts development is a project in Honduras.
  4. At first stage, you may make some mistakes but practicing and improving the creativity can be surely achieved.
  5. On the positive side, handicraft employment can complement agricultural labour, without necessitating migration.

The government of India has accorded utmost importance for the growth of these industries through five-year plans, and industrial policies because of their high employment intensity [ 8 ]. The handicrafts industry of India comes under the unorganized sector of the village economy [ 9 ]. This sector is an important and integral aspect of village, and cottage industries. Handicraft sector has a prevalent role importance of handicrafts in the economic growth rural employmentand in the Indian economy.

Indian handicraft items range from wooden stone, metal, glass, bamboo, cane, clay, terracotta ceramics, and textiles. The most popular items in Indian handicrafts are brassware, pen holder, vases, candles, and Christmas items, ceramic pots, carpets, and other products of paper. Each States offers a wide range of handicrafts, with its own identity.

These handicraft items represent quality craftsmanship from the respective states [ 10 ]. Most of the manufacturing setups have local employees and indigenous owners who operate such work in homes.

But unfortunately, these traditional industries are under threat of sleep or decline because of the competition from the cheaper machine made substitutes, and due to the scarcity of physical capital and risk patrons [ 11 ]. Though the sector has huge market potential in all Indian states, and abroad, but the growing demand for the artificial product has badly affected the livings of many skilled artisans directly, and others related to this sector indirectly.

The main reason for this is it almost no innovative methods and technology advancement have been introduced in the handicrafts sector, which leads to stagnation of the sector. Further increase in manufacturing expenses has led to gap between actual product demanded, and actual product produced; the same gap is utilized by the machine made products, besides this the raw material needed in handicrafts has also fallen in short of supply in many states of the country because of more wastage, and improper utilization of available resources.

Objective of the study: Handicraft and its Export Character Since 1991 the concept of globalization of India has given rise to new opportunities for handicraft sector. An example is an Indian economy which had broken free of the low-growth trap from the early 1980s and is now moving toward the biggest growers of the world economy. Handicrafts are massively important in terms of balancing balance of payment and the economic development of the nation.

India is one of the importance of handicrafts in the economic growth suppliers of handicrafts to the world market and Indian handicraft products are demanded all over the world with the help of globalization.

However there was slow growth of in this sector in the beginning years of the independence. Handicraft is an important sector not only because of economy, and employment to locals but it is a foremost source of foreign exchange earnings for the nation and BOP [ 11 ]. Exports of handicrafts have increased dramatically since 1999 it has taken India to new heights, and further, this sector is readily fighting to reduce the balance of deficit.

The total export of the year 1998-1999 was 35659. Research Methodology This research paper is based on the secondary data by exploring various secondary data resources such as old research papers, various journals, books, the internet, some of the governmental data etc. Analysis We have taken the Total export of different items from the India to the rest of the world as total exports outside. Since India exports, numerous products out of that we have distinguished the Export of Handicraft separately, so that we can see the growth, and decline trends of the handicrafts related to the adjacent years.

Further, we have used some mathematical formulas for finding the growth, and decline of export business of India. The brief derivation of the formula is as under We have shown Export of the current year and the Export of previous year in the table.

Handicrafts Introduction

Export of current year is denoted by x, and the Export of previous year of the current year is denoted as. Similarly, we have taken Export of handicraft for the current year as y and the Export of Handicraft in the preceding year asand its growth as.

Then its growth in percentage is shown same as export growth.