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Military tactics used both usa and vietcong forces 1960 s

On March 8, 1965, two battalions of about 3,500 Marines waded ashore on Red Beach 2 — becoming the first American combat troops deployed to Vietnam.

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In the ensuing months they were followed by thousands more combat forces, making 1965 the year the United States transformed the Vietnam conflict into an American war.

In 1964 a Gallup poll found that 63 percent of the American public was paying no attention to Vietnam, which President Lyndon B.

Describe the military tactics used by both the Vietcong and USA in Vietnam in the 1960s

The landing at Red Beach 2, complicated by bad weather and occasional sniper fire, climaxed years of soul-searching, frustration and policy battles largely hidden from the American people. American leaders were nervous about the first option but unwilling to face the political consequences of the second.

When Johnson assumed the presidency Nov. Kennedy, the new president inherited a Cold War foreign policy forged during the three previous administrations. At the heart of that policy was confronting communism. Since the southern insurgency escalated in 1958, the South Vietnamese army had steadily lost ground, even as the North Vietnamese pushed into neighboring Laos in 1961 and expanded supply lines through Cambodia.

The military tactics used by both the USA and Viet Cong forces in Vietnam in the 1960’s Essay

Johnson had not been deeply involved in Vietnam policy when he was thrust into the presidency. His priority was enacting the social and economic reforms of his signature Great Society program. But corruption and political turmoil between Diem, a Roman Catholic, and his majority Buddhist rivals undermined U.

Increasingly frustrated with Diem, the U. The coup shook the administration, and scholars are still divided over whether that would have led Kennedy to disengage entirely from Vietnam.

  • Although basic, they were extremely effective as many people fell for them;
  • We have watched the progressive loss of territory to Viet Cong control;
  • In a top secret memorandum dated April 6, Johnson approved thousands more troops for Vietnam.

Instead, the new president increased the number of U. Maxwell Taylor, who had urged Kennedy to deepen U.

Describe the military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong forces in Vietnam in the 1960s

William Westmoreland as the top American commander in Vietnam. The moves drew little public attention in 1964, when Americans were absorbed with a presidential election. Johnson and his Democrats sought to portray the conservative Republican challenger Sen. Barry Goldwater as a dangerous warmonger. Johnson kept insisting publicly he did not want to expand the war, even after the August attack on two U.

Navy ships in the Gulf of Tonkin and the U. The American electorate saw Goldwater as the belligerent hawk. He was trounced in the November 1964 election, winning only his home state of Arizona and five in the Deep South.

Meanwhile, the situation on the battlefield was moving from bad to worse. In late 1964 the communists launched a series of military operations, inflicting casualties on the South Vietnamese that they could not afford.

  • Another tactic the Americans tried to use was to try and re-educate the South Vietnamese people;
  • At the deeper levels, there were chambers carved out for arms factories and a well for the base's water supply;
  • An American soldier carefully examines a Vietcong tunnel--they were often boobytrapped if abandoned Close-up;
  • The Viet Cong learnt how to fight against the search and destroy missions; the Vietcong would stay close to the Americans and only fight occasionally, this way they would avoid fighting large battles- by staying close it made it hard for the Americans to use aeroplanes or artillery shells against them;
  • Another tactic the Americans tried to use was to try and re-educate the South Vietnamese people.

An attack in Binh Gia, a village near Saigon, killed 201 South Vietnamese soldiers and five American advisers, even though the South Vietnamese managed to recapture the village in an eight-hour battle. Within hours of the attack, Johnson ordered selective bombing of North Vietnamese targets.

Three days later, the communists attacked the U. Johnson responded by ordering a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam — Operation Rolling Thunder — that would continue throughout his presidency.

What led the US to the Vietnam War?

The Soviets, in turn, agreed to provide North Vietnam with missiles to resist the attacks. Intermittent rain and up to 4-foot waves delayed the landing for about an hour. The Marines were welcomed by signs in Vietnamese and English and a delegation of local dignitaries, including high school girls who presented a scowling Brig. Frederick Karch with flowered leis.

Describe the military tactics used by both the USA and the Vietcong forces in Vietnam in the 1960s?

Johnson, still leery of a big ground war, offered North Vietnam a major economic development plan, which Communist Party leader Ho Chi Minh promptly rejected. In a top secret memorandum dated April 6, Johnson approved thousands more troops for Vietnam.

A few weeks later, the 173rd Airborne Brigade arrived at Bien Hoa to protect the air base, the first U. Army combat unit to deploy to Vietnam. A Gallup poll in May 1965 found only 26 percent of the public believed that sending troops to Vietnam was a mistake.

By November 1965, with tens of thousands more Americans in Vietnam, the figure actually dropped to 21 percent. Doubts were expressed, though most often in private.

We have watched the progressive loss of territory to Viet Cong control. We have been unable to bring about the creation of a stable political base in Saigon.